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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

A List of All The Articles

 

Albany Democrat. 25 December 1903. p2.

Albany Democrat. “Holly Rollers in Linn County.” 25 December 1903. p3.

Albany Democrat. “Holy Rollers.” 8 January 1904. p7.

Albany Democrat. 15 January 1904. p1.

Albany Democrat. “Saturday Night Thoughts” 15 January 1904. p4.

Albany Democrat. “The Holy Rollers.” 15 January 1904. p3.

Albany Democrat. 29 January 1904. p4.

Albany Democrat. “Holy Rollers.” 5 February 1904. p5.

Albany Democrat. 6 May 1904. p2.

Albany Democrat. 6 May 1904. p4.

Albany Democrat. “A Holy Roller Victim.” 6 May 1904. p7.

Albany Democrat. “Frank Hurt Said.” 6 May 1904. p7.

Albany Democrat. “More Holy Rollerism.” 6 May 1904. p5.

Albany Democrat. “Taken To The Asylum.” 6 May 1904. p7.

Albany Democrat. 13 June 1904. p1.

Albany Democrat. “More Holy Rollers.” 13 May 1904. p5.

 

Benton County Republican. “Has Sad Christmas.” 3 January 1907. p4.

Benton County Republican. 7 February 1907. p2.

Benton County Republican. 28 February 1907. p4.

Benton County Republican. 4 April 1907. p4.

Benton County Republican. 11 April 1907. p3.

Benton County Republican. 8 April 1909. p3.

Benton County Republican. 6 August 1914. p3.

 

Brownsville Times. “On A Charge Of Insanity.” 6 November 1903. p1.

Brownsville Times. 8 January 1904. p1

Brownsville Times. 15 January 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. 29 January 1904. p3.

Brownsville Times. “Holy Rollers.” 5 February 1904. p4.

Brownsville Times. “Reward Is Offered.” 1 April 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. “Holy Rollerism Again.” 4 May 1906. p4.

Brownsville Times. “Holy Rollers Insane.” 6 May 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. “Young Girl Arrested.” 6 May 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. “Holy Roller Creffield Killed.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Brownsville Times. “Another Holy Roller Victim. 17 June 1904. p4.

Brownsville Times. “Holy Roller Captured.” 5 August 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. “To The Grand Jury.” 12 August 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. “Creffield Found Guilty.” 23 September 1904. p4.

Brownsville Times. 30 September 1904. p1.

Brownsville Times. 7 October 1904. p1.

 

Capital Journal. “David P. Mitchell Dies in Waldport.” 13 September 1963. p5.

 

Columbia Chronicle. “Father Says Hypnotism.” 21 July 1906. p. 1.

 

Corvallis Gazette. 29 July 1887.

Corvallis Gazette. 7 June 1889.

Corvallis Gazette. 2 August 1889. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 19 April 1894. p. 2.

Corvallis Gazette. 10 May 1894. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 28 May 1894. p. 5.

Corvallis Gazette. 5 July 1894. p. 4.

Corvallis Gazette. 16 April 1896. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 9 April 1897. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 10 December 1897. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 31 December 1897. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 8 April 1898. p. 3.

Corvallis Gazette. 5 January 1900. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 19 January 1900. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 9 February 1900.  p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 7 December 1900. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Fast Traveling.” 1 November 1901. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Salvation Army.” 6 March 1901. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 26 April 1901. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 3 May 1901. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 4 October 1901. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 1 November 1901. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 7 February 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Central Committee Meeting.” 21 February 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 25 February 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 8 April 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 15 April 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 17 June 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 20 June 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 11 July 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 4 November 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Functus Officio.” 5 December 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 9 December 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 12 December 1902. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Berry-King Nuptials.” 5 January 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette . 17 March 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 31 March 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 5 May 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Almost a Riot.” 12 May 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 24 July 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 31 July 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 7 August 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 4 September p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 2 October 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 30 October 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 3 November 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 6 November 1903. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “What our Neighbors Think of Us.” 10 November 1903. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 24 November 1903. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 8 December 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 11 December 1903. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “Linn County Holy Rollers.” 22 December 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 29 December 1903. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 1 January 1904. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 8 January 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “A Mystery of the Night.” 8 January 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Rollers are Rolled.” 8 January 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Editorial Comment.” 12 January 1904. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 15 January 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 19 January 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Our Brainy Contemporaries.” 19 January 1904. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 25 January 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Lebanon’s Holy Rollers.” 2 February 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 19 February 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 4 March 1904. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “Creffield A Fugitive.” 22 March 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 19 April 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Felton-Munkers Nuptials.” 3 May 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Holy Rollers.” 3 May 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 6 May 1904. p5.

Corvallis Gazette. “Committed To Asylum.” 10 May 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 1 June 1904. p1

Corvallis Gazette. “Seventh Day Adventists.” 8 June 1904. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. 11 June 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Creffield Reward.” 22 June 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 29 June 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Happily Wed.” 9 July 1904. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 13 July 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 13 July 1904. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. 29 July 1904. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. 2 August 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Creffield Captured.” 8 August 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 12 August 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Creffield Reward.” 19 August 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 26 August 1904. p5.

Corvallis Gazette. “Charge Against Apostle Creffield.” 26 August 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 30 August 1904. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 30 August 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Creffield Gets Two Years.” 20 September 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 4 October 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 7 October 1904. p5.

Corvallis Gazette. 14 October 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 2 December 1904. p5.

Corvallis Gazette. 13 December 1904. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 17 December 1904.

Corvallis Gazette. “His Prison Life.” 24 March 1905. p5.

Corvallis Gazette. 26 April 1905. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. 9 January 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 20 February 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “By The Rolling Sea. Holy Rollers” 1 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 4 May 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Creffield Dead.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Creffield Tragedy.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “To Assist Mitchell.” 11 May 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette . 18 May 1906. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “To Assist Mitchell.” 18 May 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “To Assist Mitchell.” 22 May 1906. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “To Assist Mitchell.” 25 May 1906. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “To Assist Mitchell.” 29 May 1906. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “Local and Personal” 5 June 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Will You Help Him?” 15 June 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Additional Local.” 19 June 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Trial On.” 26 June 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “About The Trial.” 29 June 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Against Her Brother.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Mitchell Trial.” 10 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “What Berry Told.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Will be Acquitted.” 10 July 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “With Roar of Applause.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “Plotted to Kill.” 16 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “The Second Tragedy.” 16 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Madness.” 17 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “Matron’s Part.” 17 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 20 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “About the Trial.” 20 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “George Mitchell Buried.” 20 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “Murder the Charge.” 20 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “End to Troubles of Holy Roller Family.” 24 July 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Fired at Random.” 27 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “Not Guilty.” 27 July 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 8 August 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Day ‘Juice’ Now.” 14 August 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Ill in Seattle.” 14 August 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 24 August 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 31 August 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 11 September 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Local and Personal.” 14 September 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 18 September 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Secret Sessions in Mitchell Case.” 18 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Insanity Hearing May Close Monday.” 18 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “In Seattle.” 21 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 25 September 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “May Go Free.” 25 September 1906. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “Pronounced Insane.” 25 September 1906. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. Must Not Deport.” 28 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Has Creffield Arisen?” 19 October 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Holy Rollers Again.” 26 October 1906. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “’Tongues of Fire’ Coming.” 26 October 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 6 November 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 13 November 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 16 November 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Death of Mrs. Creffield.” 20 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Not Yet Obliterated.” 20 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “A Word for Her.” 30 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Her Funeral.” 23 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “It Was Poison.” 23 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 23 November 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 30 November 1906. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Not For ‘Common Herd.’” 1 January 1907. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “Esther Mitchell.” 4 January 1907. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. “’Holy Howlers’ the Latest.” 4 January 1907. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “’Bride of the Lord’ Talks.” 8 January 1907. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “In Esther Mitchell Case.” 11 January 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 11 January 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 25 January 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 29 January 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 5 February 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 15 February 1907. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Asylum at Last.” 22 February 1907. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. “’Tangled Tongues’ Killing Her.” 22 February 1907. p2.

Corvallis Gazette. 1 March 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “ Feb. 22nd, 1857-Feb. 22nd, 1907.” 1 March 1907. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. 8 March 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 23 March 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 2 April 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 9 April 1907. p4.

Corvallis Gazette. 12 April 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. 15 April 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Not Dead.” 26 April 1907. p1.

Corvallis Gazette. “Believes in Creffield.” 30 April 1907. p3.

Corvallis Gazette. “Mrs. Elizabeth Starr.” 26 July 1907. p1.

 

Bergeman, Rich. Corvallis Gazette Times. “Play recreates bizarre Corvallis tale.” 11 January 1986. p16.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Clarence M. Starr Dies at Waldport.” 21 June 1939. p. 4.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Mrs. Baldwin Dies.” 2 August 1941. p3.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “James K. Berry Rites Held Here Today.” 13 January 1943. p6.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Dies at Waldport.” 14 June 1943. p4.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Oregon Pioneer Dies Thursday Night.” 12 December 1947. p. 8.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Levine [sic] Passes.” 2 November 1957. p. 10.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Levins Rites Slated At Waldport Chapel.” 4 November 1957. p12.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Molly Adeline Berry.” 20 May 1959. p. 12.

Corvallis Gazette Times. “Corvallis scandal spawns a play. Review.” 15 June 1978. p16.

 

Wilson, Tom. Corvallis Magazine . Vol. 3, #2. “Corvallis Holy Rollers.” 1964. p20.

Corvallis Magazine. Vol. 2, 1963, #1, p. 15.

Corvallis Magazine. Vol. 2, #2. “From the Gilbert Beach Album.” 1963. p. 6.

 

Corvallis Times. 28 December 1893. p3.

Corvallis Times. 4 February 1895. p. 3.

Corvallis Times. 14 December 1895. p. 3.

Corvallis Times. “A Piece of Hoodlumism.” 7 January 1897. p. 3.

Corvallis Times. “Many are Prostrated.” 8 December 1897. p. 3.

Corvallis Times. “Salvation Army Affairs.” 5 January 1898, p. 2.

Corvallis Times. 3 November 1900. p3.

Corvallis Times. 6 February 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 24 April 1901. p1.

Corvallis Times. 15 May 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 18 May 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 29 May 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 12 June 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 21 September 1901. p2.

Corvallis Times. 28 September 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 26 October 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Corvallis Men.” 27 November 1901. p3.

Corvallis Times. 25 January 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 26 February 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 1 March 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 24 May 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Local Mining Men.” 12 July 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 19 July 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 26 July 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 2 August 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 4 October 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Highest in Eleven Years.” 28 January 1903. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Fire! Fire Fire!” 7 January 1903. p2.

Corvallis Times. 10 January 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “The Salvation Army.” 7 March 1903. p2.

Corvallis Times. 14 March 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 28 March 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 6 May 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “A Street Melee.” 13 May 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Desertion From The Ranks.” 10 June 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 27 June 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “J. K. Berry--Bicycles.” 27 June 1903. p4.

Corvallis Times. 22 July 1902. p3.

Corvallis Times. 1 August 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 5 August 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 8 August 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 12 August 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 22 August 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Their Queer Acts.” 31 October 1903. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Flight of The Apostles.” 4 November 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Holy Rolling.” 4 November 1903. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Is Creffield Back.” 7 November 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Like Our Rollers.” 7 November 1903. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Mr. Hurt Talks.” 18 November 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “They Are Gone.” 25 November 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Through Much Tribulation.” 28 November 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. 9 December 1903. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Now in Eugene.” 16 December 1903. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Is Crazy Now.” 23 December 1903. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Tarred and Feathered.” 6 January 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Their Welcome Departure.” 9 January 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. “White Caps Again.” 9 January 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Where Brooks Went.” 13 January 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Newspaper Holy Rollers.” 20 January 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. 3 February 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Driven From Linn.” 3 February 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Corvallis Abroad.” 6 February 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Seventh Day Adventists.” 27 February 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. 2 March 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. 2 March 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “The Holy Gang.” 5 March 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. “The Twin Rock Company.” 5 March 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. 19 March 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Fugitive Creffield.” 23 March 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 23 March 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. 16 April 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “After The Roller.” 27 April 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. 4 May 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. 4 May 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Victims Of Creffield.” 7 May 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 21 May 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Attie Bray’s Journey.” 11 June 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “They Want Creffield.” 11 June 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 2 July 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “He May Own Up.” 27 July 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Creffield In Jail.” 30 July 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Says ‘I Am Elijah.’” 3 August 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. “The Bogus Prophet.” 3 August 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “A Dangerous Man.” 6 August 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times.  “Creffield To Answer.” 6 August 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “The Reward.” 20 August 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 24 August 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “His Coming Trial.” 3 September 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. 7 September 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. 9 September 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. 17 September 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 21 September 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Creffield’s Confession.” 21 September 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Now In Penitentiary.” 21 September 1904. p1.

Corvallis Times. 1 October 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 5 October 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. 12 October 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. 22 October 1904. p4.

Corvallis Times. “For Cement Sidewalks.” 19 November 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. 26 November 1904. p3.

Corvallis Times. “An Ended Chapter.” 10 December 1904. p2.

Corvallis Times. 4 February 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. 8 April 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. 10 May 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 24 May 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. 3 June 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 12 July 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 12 August 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 23 August 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 20 September 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 4 October 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. 27 October 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Publisher’s Notice.” 14 November 1905. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Of Peritonitis.” 14 November 1905. p2.

Corvallis Times. 24 November 1905. p5.

Corvallis Times. 8 December 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. 12 December 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Gave His Own Bail.” 22 December 1905. p3.

Corvallis Times. 29 December 1905. p4.

Corvallis Times. 9 January 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. 13 March 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. 23 March 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. 13 April 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. “In Benton Again.” 24 April 1906. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Camp Given Up.” 1 May 1906. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Is Not Dead.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Justifiable Homicide?” 11 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Widow of Holy Roller Is Insane From Waiting to See the Dead Arise.” 15 May 1906. p6.

Corvallis Times. “Nearly Starved.” 18 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Miss Esther.” 22 May 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Begins Monday.” 22 June 1906. p2.

Corvallis Times. “The Trial.” 26 June 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Trying Mitchell.” 29 June 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. 3 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “O. V. Hurt Testifies.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “A Great Battle.” 10 July 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Another Tragedy.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Levins’ Letter.” 10 July 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Mitchell’s Trial.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Editorial.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Times. “Esther Declined to Be Reconciled.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Is Not Guilty.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Shot to Death.” 13 July 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. “The Acquittal.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Corvallis Times. 17 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “May Come to Oregon.” 20 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Mitchell Buried in Oregon.” 20 July 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Perry Mitchell.” 20 July 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Pleads not Guilty.” 3 August 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Esther Mitchell.” 14 August 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. Esther Mitchell 14 August 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. 11 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. 14 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. 14 September 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. “She Swallowed Poison.” 21 September 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. “May Go Scott Free.” 25 September 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. 28 September 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. 19 October 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. 23 October 1906. p3.

Corvallis Times. 23 October 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. 9 November 1906. p4.

Corvallis Times. “Mrs. Creffield.” 20 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Died From Poison.” 23 November 1906. p1.

Corvallis Times. “Fined For Fishing.” 21 December 1906.

Corvallis Times. 15 January 1907. p4.

Corvallis Times. 2 April 1907. p3.

Corvallis Times. “Still Hoping.” 30 April 1907. p1.

Corvallis Times. 23 July 1907. p4.

 

Daily Capital Journal. “Holy Rollers Have Her.” 29 April 1904. p8.

Daily Capital Journal. “Interviewed. Odd People Are Not Insane.” 2 May 1904. p1.

Daily Capital Journal. “Wife of Apostle Creffield and Another Sister Becomes Guests of State.” 4 May 1904. p1.

Daily Capital Journal. “Holy Roller Murderess Goes Free.” 7 January 1907. p1.

 

Daily Gazette Times. “Esther Mitchell a Suicide.” 3 August 1914. p4.

Daily Gazette Times. “Frank Hurt Killed at Waldport.” 12 January 1920. p1.

 

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Joe, The Turk, Here.” 29 June 1902. p8.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “On A Charge Of Insanity.” 31 October 1903. p5.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 4 May 1904. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 4 May 1904. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Holy Rollers.” 7 May 1904. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Holy Roller Captured.” 30 July 1904. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Holy Roller.” 31 July 1904. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Join Lives For Glory Of Cause.” 31 July 1904. p9.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Tongues of Fire---Gift of Languages and Holiness Union.” 10 April 1906. p6.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 10 May 1906. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Holy Rollers Return Home.” 17 May 1906. p7.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Mitchell on Trial.” 26 June 1906. p3.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Attorneys Display Caution.” 27 June 1906. p3.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Much Squabbling in Mitchell Trial.” 28 June 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Starr Testifies in Mitchell Trial.” 4 July 1906.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Hartley Testifies in Mitchell Trial.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Fails to Shake Testimony.” 8 July 1906. p6.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “George Mitchell Acquitted by Jury.” 11 July 1906.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother.” 13 July 1906.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Mitchell a Model Prisoner” 13 July 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “George Mitchell Was Not Insane.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Fears For Her Life.” 19 July 1906. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 20 July 1906. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Churches, Where One May Go and Worship.” 22 July 1906. p10.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “He Insists on Trial.” 25 July 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 9 September 1906. p10.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “May Go To Asylum.” 11 September 1906. p6.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Holly [sic] Rollers Found Insane.” 21 September 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Issued Order.” 22 September 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Bits for Breakfast.” 5 October 1906. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Holiness Church.” 6 October 1906. p5.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 7 October 1906. p10.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Slow to Arrive.” 10 October 1906. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Are Not Holy Rollers.” 10 October 1906. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “New Tongues.” 20 November 1906. p6.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “The Other Side.” 20 November 1906. p6.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Case of Suicide.” 21 November 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Editorial of the People.” 25 November 1906. p2.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Jury Finds Martin Guilty.” 20 December 1906. p5.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “The Scoffing News Reporter.” 20 December 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Pigs Squeak.” 21 December 1906. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Says No Restraint There.” 21 December 1906. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Editorials of The People.” 23 December 1906. p10.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Insane Asylum.” 1 January 1907. p12.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “The State Penitentiary.” 1 January 1907. p17.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Is It Mesmerism.” 2 January 1907. p8.

Daily Oregon Statesman. 2 January 1907. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Tongues Will be Silent.” 8 January 1907. p7.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Tales of the Town.” 9 January 1907. p5.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Light Leaves Salem.” 15 January 1907. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Storm Gathers Over Tonguers.” 19 May 1907. p4.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Island is New Home of the Holy Rollers.” 17 March 1911. p1.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Divorce Granted.” 18 March 1911. p. 5.

Daily Oregon Statesman. “Tragedies of Yesterday.” 28 August 1934. p8.

 

Eugene Morning Guard. “Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church.” 11 December 1903. p1.

 

Eugene Morning Register. “Holy Rollers Roll Out.” 3 November 1903. p1.

Eugene Morning Register. “Holy Rollers At Corvallis.” 3 November 1903. p3.

 

 

Strandborg, W. P. Evening Telegram. “Frazer After Holy Howlers.” 1 January 1907. p1. Evening Telegram. “Fanatics In Court.” 2 November 1903. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Group of Holy Rollers, Religious Fanatics Having Their Headquarters at Corvallis, Oregon.” 2 November 1903. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Had Promise of Tar and Feathers.” 3 November 1903. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Reappears.” 5 November 1903. p12.

Evening Telegram. “Rollers Take On New Life.” 6 November 1903. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Excess of Holy Rollers May Yet Lead To Serious Clash If They Continue.” 7 November 1903. p2.

Evening Telegram. “’Apostle’ Creffield Still Under Cover.” 11 November 1903. p.6.

Evening Telegram. “Can Roll No More.” 23 November 1903. p1.

Evening Telegram. “A Sensible Conclusion.” 24 November 1903. p8.

Evening Telegram. “O. V. Hurt Tells All He Knows.” 24 November 1903. p3.

Evening Telegram. “In Pursuit of Creffield.” 25 November 1903. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Holy Rollers are Crowded.” 29 November 1903. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Urges Girl to be Firm.” 7 December 1903. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Holy Roller Victim Worse.” 21 December 1903. p16.

Evening Telegram. “’Holy Roller’ Victim Better.” 23 December 1903. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Again Out in the Cold.” 30 December 1903. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Disappears.” 6 January 1904. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Married at Corvallis.” 6 January 1904. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Has Power To Convert.” 30 October 1903. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Mines, Mining, And Miners.” 5 March 1904. p10.

Evening Telegram. “Like Oregon’s Holy Rollers.” 10 March 1904. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Rocks Ahead For Joshua” 16 March 1904. p12.

Evening Telegram. “Where Now Is The Apostle?” 17 March 1904. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Called For His Wife.” 21 March 1904. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Reward For His Capture.” 21 March 1904. p1.

Evening Telegram. “No Trace Of Creffield.” 24 March 1904. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Reward Is Offered.” 28 March 1904. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Careful Search For Holy Roller.” 31 March 1904. p10.

Evening Telegram. “Holy Rollers To Put World Where Adam Entered It.” 3 May 1904. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Captured.” 29 July 1904. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Mob After Creffield.” 30 July 1904. p1.

Evening Telegram . “Holy Roller Chief Says God Will Be His Lawyer.” 1 August 1904. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Is Human Study.” 2 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. “Did Intend To Lynch Creffield.” 2 August 1904. p10.

Evening Telegram. “Is Creffield A Hypnotist?” 3 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. On Trial Tomorrow.” 3 August 1904. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Wedding Will End In Folds Of Flag.” 3 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield To Answer.” 4 August 1904. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Roller Faith In Salem.” 5 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. “Material Hell Says ‘Apostle.’” 6 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. “No One Visits Edmund Creffield.” 10 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. “All Victims Of Religion.” 11 August 1904. p3.

Evening Telegram. “The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them.” 13 August 1904. p15.

Evening Telegram. “Elijah’s Sway Is Not Lost.” 20 August 1904. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Needs No Lawyer To Defend Him.” 23 August 1904. p14.

Evening Telegram. 2 September 1904. p6.

Evening Telegram. “Thinks Dowie Real Prophet.” 15 September 1904. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Goes To Salem For Two Years.” 16 September 1904. p12.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield’s Punishment.” 17 September 1904. p6.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield To Go To Penitentiary.” 17 September 1904. p10.

Evening Telegram. “‘Holy Jumper’ Has His Wife.” 14 October 1904. p12.

Evening Telegram. “Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield.” 22 March 1905. p4.

Evening Telegram. “’Holy Rollers’ Scatter From Secret Assembly.” 2 May 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Corvallis Commend Deed.” 7 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Seen in Linn County” 7 May 1906. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Holy Roller Creffield Killed.” 7 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Portland Man After Creffield.” 7 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Arranging for Defense of Mitchell.” 8 May 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Deed of Avenger Endorsed.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Gold Medal For George Mitchell Who Killed Holy Roller Apostle.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Buried Without Ceremony.” 9 May 1906. p10.

Evening Telegram. “Creffield Was Doomed Man.” 9 May 1906. p10.

Evening Telegram. “District Attorney John Manning Would Defend Apostle’s Slayer.” 9 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Fund For Slayer’s Defense.” 9 May 1906. p10.

Evening Telegram. “Hurt Anxious to Clear Mitchell.” 9 May 1906. p10.

. “Has No Need of Manning’s Help.” 11 May 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell May Plead Temporary Insanity.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Holy Rollerism Has Death Blow.” 12 May 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell Denied Bail At Seattle.” 12 May 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Gardner Would Help Mitchell.” 15 May 1906. p14.

Evening Telegram. “Abandon Hope For ‘Messiah.’” 16 May 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Enticed to City.” 17 May 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Exhausted Women Reach Corvallis.” 17 May 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell’s Plea ‘Not Guilty.’” 19 May 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “All Ready For Mitchell Trial.” 23 June 1906. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell Trial is Absorbing Topic.” 23 June 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Much Caution in Mitchell Trial.” 25 June 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Slayer of Holy Roller Creffield Begins Fight For Life in Seattle.” 25 June 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “No Headway Made in Mitchell Case.” 28 June 1906. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Dramatic Moment When Widow of Late Holy Roller Enters Court.” 29 June 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Insanity Will be Mitchell’s Plea.” 2 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Converted at Revival, Woman. Pays Visit to Heaven in Trance.” 3 July 1906. p16.

Evening Telegram. “Called by God to Kill Prophet.” 4 July 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Corvallis Man Wanted to Kill.” 5 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. Women Battle For Mitchell.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell and Manning Shake.” 7 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Murder Kept from Mitchell Jurors.” 9 July 1906. p11.

Evening Telegram. “No Argument for Mitchell.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Says Brother is Murderer.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Sister Hiding From Mitchell.” 11 July 1906. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Members of Mitchell Family Reconciled.” 12 July 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Deepening Tragedy.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Evening Telegram. “Esther Mitchell Draws Gun From Under Cape and Kills Geo. Mitchell.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Evening Telegram. “Esther Mitchell Says She is Not Insane.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Mrs. Creffield Loaded Down With Weapons to Kill Geo. Mitchell.” 13 July 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Mrs. Starr of Portland Declares Esther Mitchell, Her Sister, is Sane.” 13 July 1906. p1..

Evening Telegram. “Esther Hypnotized, He Says.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Family Deserts the Murderess.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Holy Rollers of Western New York.” 14 July 1906. p26.

Evening Telegram. “Brothers Bring Body to Oregon.” 16 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Hurt’s Letter Most Moving.” 17 July 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell is Buried.” 17 July 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Mrs. Starr Receives Threatening Letter.” 18 July 1906. p3.

Evening Telegram. “Roller Religion Dead Forever.” 19 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Esther Mitchell Asks More Time.” 23 July 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Greatly Hurt True Religion.” 4 August 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row.” 6 August 1906. p8.

Evening Telegram. “Mitchell Denies Report of Fight.” 7 August 1906. p9.

Evening Telegram. “Roasts the ‘Rollers.’” 8 August 1906. p9.

Evening Telegram. “St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert ‘Rollers.’” 8 August 1906. p9.

Evening Telegram. “Esther Mitchell Shows Signs of Improvement.” 13 August 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Sad Christmas For Holy Roller.” 17 December 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Pile of Queer Lore Gets Fat.” 22 December 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Interpreter for Tongues of Fire.” 24 December 1906. p2.

Evening Telegram. “Three Specimens of Writing in the ‘Unknown Tongues.’” 25 December 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Tongues of Fire Get New Foothold.” 31 December 1906. p4.

Evening Telegram. “Padded-Cell Religion in Two Forms is Rampant in Portland.” 31 December 1906. p1.

Evening Telegram. “Fanatics Must Go Into Court.” 2 January 1907. p7.

Evening Telegram. “Says Esther Mitchell Seems Sane Enough.” 2 January 1907. p5.

Evening Telegram. “Judge Frazer Issues Ukase.” 3 January 1907. p8.

Evening Telegram. “’Bride of the Lord’ Now Has a Severe Cold.” 4 January 1907. p12.

Evening Telegram. “Just as Soon Be in Asylum.” 9 January 1907. p14.

Evening Telegram. “Deaths.” 18 February 1909. p. 16.

Evening Telegram. “Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand.” 3 August 1914. p2.

 

Holbrook, Stewart H (under the pseudonym Chris K. Stanton). “The Enigma of the Sex Crazed Prophet.” Front Page Detective. January 1938. pp. 4-9, 108-110.

 

Crefeld, Edmund. “He’ll not Compromise.” God’s Revivalist and Bible Advocate. Mrs. M. W. Knapp and Bessie, Publishers: Cincinnati, Ohio, Chicago, Illinois. 21 August 1902.

God’s Revivalist and Bible Advocate. “God’s Witnesses.” Mrs. M. W. Knapp and Bessie, Publishers: Cincinnati, Ohio, Chicago, Illinois. 6 November 1902.

 

Heppner Gazette. “The Salvation Army.” 25 July 1901. p5.

 

Hood River Glacier. “Nasty Story of Holy Rollers.” 19 July 1906. p2.

 

Lincoln County Leader. 6 November 1903. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. 11 December 1903. p. 8.

Lincoln County Leader. 20 April 1906. p. 8

Lincoln County Leader. 27 April 1906. supplement, p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. 4 May 1906. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. 11 May 1906. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. “More About Creffield.” 18 May 1906. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. “The Prevailing Opinion.” 18 May 1906. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. “Collector of Customs Hurt.” 18 June 1909. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. “Waldport Items.” 9 April 1909. p. 8.

Lincoln County Leader. “Married.” 30 April 1909. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. 7 May 1909. p. 5.

Lincoln County Leader. “Waldport Items.” 25 June 1909. p. 8.

Lincoln County Leader. “County News.” 10 April 1914. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. 8 May 1914. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. “Report of Coroner’s Jury.” 7 August 1914. p. 1.

Lincoln County Leader. “Bert Starr Passed Friday, February 14, at Hospital.” 20 February 1936.

 

Lincoln County Times. “Prominent Figure Laid to Rest.” 17 June 1943. p1.

Lincoln County Times. “Card of Thanks!” 20 September 1945. p6.

Lincoln County Times. “Pioneer Lady Passes.” 11 April 1946. p1.

Lincoln County Times. 11 April 1946. p1.

Lincoln County Times. “Molly Adeline Berry.” 28 May 1959. p1.

 

Los Angeles Examiner. “Fanatic Killed by Brother of Victim.” 8 May 1906. p3.

Los Angeles Examiner. “Tells How ‘Holy Roller’ Leader Ruined His Home.” 4 July 1906. p13.

Los Angeles Examiner. “Slayer of Holy Roller Creffield Acquitted.” 11 July 1906. p12.

Los Angeles Examiner. “Slayer of holy Roller Chief Killed by Sister.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Examiner. “‘I am Willing to Hang,’ Says Holy Roller Avenger. 14 July 1906. p3.

Los Angeles Examiner. “Heartsick Father Seeks to Save Maud Creffield.” 17 July 1906. p14.

Los Angeles Examiner. “‘I am not Worrying’ Says Slayer of Holy Roller.” 18 July 1906. p3.

Los Angeles Examiner. “To Defend Woman Who Urged Death of His Client.” 19 July 1906. p2.

 

Los Angeles Herald. “Kills Seattle Holy Roller.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Record Quake at Washington.” 2 June 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Murderer Pleads Insanity.” 26. June 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “To Try Creffield’s Slayer.” 27 June 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Murderer Pleads Insanity.” 3 July 1906. p6.

Los Angeles Herald. “Two Sworn to Kill Creffield.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Seattle Jurors Acquit Mitchell.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Protects Girl and Is Killed.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Repays Brother With a Bullet.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Los Angeles Herald. “Sisters Discuss Murder Details.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Will Try Women Jointly.” 18 July 1906. p2.

Los Angeles Herald. “Promises to Aid Mitchell’s Slayer.” 15 July 1906. p1.

Los Angeles Herald. “Religious Fakers.” 21 July 1906. p6.

 

Holbrook, Stewart. Sunday Oregonian Magazine. “Murder Without Tears, Part One.” 8 February 1953. pp. 6-7.

Holbrook, Stewart. Sunday Oregonian Magazine. “Murder Without Tears, Part One.” 15 February 1953. pp. 14-15.

Holbrook, Stewart. Sunday Oregonian Magazine. “Murder Without Tears, Part One.” 22 February 1953. pp. 10-11.

Holbrook, Stewart. Sunday Oregonian Magazine. “Murder Without Tears, Part Four.” 1 March 1953. pp. 14-15.

 

White, George. “Holy Rollerism is Again Revived.” Morning Oregonian. 27 June 1906. p1.

White, George. “Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell.” Morning Oregonian. 29 June 1906. p1.

White, George. “Mitchell Trial on at Seattle.” Morning Oregonian. 26 June 1906. p1.

White, George. “New Tack Taken by the Defense.” Morning Oregonian. 28 June 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “To Conduct Salvation Army Meetings.” 14 December 1902. p11.

Morning Oregonian. “Army Has a Lively Day.” 15 December 1902. p14.

Morning Oregonian. “Had Troubles Of His Own.” 18 January 1903. p24.

Morning Oregonian. “Would be Suicide Lives.” 19 January 1903. p8.

Morning Oregonian. “Burn Up Goods.” 31 October 1903. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Anxiety For Infant.” 1 November 1903. p7.

Morning Oregonian. “’Holy Rollers’ In Frenzy.” 2 November 1903. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Rollers Turned Out.” 24 November 1903. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Holy Rollers at Eugene.” 12 December 1903. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Put Tar on Rollers.” 6 January 1904. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Holy Rollers Run Out.” 1 February 1904. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Sharp Lookout For Creffield.” 22 March 1904. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Reward For Creffield.” 24 April 1904. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Months In Hiding.” 20 July 1904. p5.

Morning Oregonian. “Apostle Downfall.” 31 July 1904. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Could Not Raise Mob.” 31 July 1904. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “May Cure His Disciples.” 31 July 1904. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Prophet In Jail.” 31 July 1904. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Salvation Army Pioneer Coming.” 31 July 1904. p 20.

Morning Oregonian. “Finds Paradise In Hawaii.” 1 August 1904. p11.

Morning Oregonian. “Says ‘I Am Elijah.’” 1 August 1904. p11.

Morning Oregonian. Wedding In The Army.” 5 August 1904. p7.

Morning Oregonian. “Wife Second, Army First.” 6 August 1904. p8.

Morning Oregonian. “He Goes To Prison.” 17 September 1904. p8.

Morning Oregonian. “Coated With Tar.” 13 March 1905. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Creffield Stirs Up Holy Rollers.” 24 April 1906. p7.

Morning Oregonian. “Lives With Negroes.” 24 April 1906. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Rollers Run Out.” 2 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. 3 May 1906. p8.

Morning Oregonian. “Funds for Mitchell’s Defense.” 8 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Held By A Spell.” 8 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “In Fear Of His Life.” 3 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Slayers Sister Carried Messages.” 8 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Edmund Creffield.” 9 May 1906. p8.

Morning Oregonian. “Justifies The Shot.” 9 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Manning Upholds Him.” 10 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Not Dead, She Cries.” 10 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Bail Is All Ready.” 11 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Mitchell Will Ask Bail.” 12 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Mitchell Is Denied Bail. 13 May 1906. p15.

Morning Oregonian. 14 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Looks For Spirit.” 14 May 1906. p5.

Morning Oregonian. “Sister Is Against Avenger.” 16 May 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Starving Near Heceta Head.” 16 May 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Defender of his Honor Released.” 17 May 1906. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell.” 17 May 1906. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Women Rollers Denied Shelter.” 17 May 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Creffield Says, ‘Don’t Worry.’” 27 May 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Witnesses From Corvallis.” 23 June 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Trial is Monday.” 24 June 1906. p5.

Morning Oregonian. “Witnesses for Mitchell.” 24 June 1906. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Story of Killing Told by Widow.” 30 June 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Mrs. Maud Creffield, Who Testified in the Mitchell Trial at Seattle.” 1 July 1906. p3.

Morning Oregonian. “Oregon Man Tells Revolting Story.” 3 July 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Oregon Men Are Star Witnesses.” 4 July 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Others Eager to Slay Creffield.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Perry Mitchell Tells His Story.” 7 July 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Manning Says Jury Will Acquit.” 8 July 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Plan to Revive Holy Rollerism.” 9 July 1906. p2.

Morning Oregonian. “Admit Jury Acquit Mitchell.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Blesses the Newspapers.” 11 July 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Calls Him a Creffield.” 11 July 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Murder Cases Won by Attorneys.” 11 July 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Slayer Mitchell Found Not Guilty.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Criminal Legislation.” 12 July 1906. p8.

Morning Oregonian. “Esther Declined to Be Reconciled.” 12 July 1906. p5.

Morning Oregonian. 14 July 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. 16 July 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. 17 July 1906. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Tongues of Fire Threaten.” 31 December 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Color Line Obliterated.” 31 December 1906. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Girl Taken From Fanatical Cult.” 26 January 1907. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Her Body Quivers as She Worships.” 27 January 1907. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Attacked by Mob.” 10 February 1907. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Tonguers Refuse to Move.” 18 August 1907. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Old Steel Cell Removed.” 18 March 1907. p10.

Morning Oregonian. “Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum.” 6 April 1909. p1.

Morning Oregonian. “Mitchell Girl Escaped.” 7 April 1909. p6.

Morning Oregonian. “Girl’s Career is Tragic.” 3 August 1914. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “’Holy Roller’ Girl Slayer Is Suicide.” 3 August 1914. p4.

Morning Oregonian. “Rocks, Eggs and Bloodshed Early Salvation Fare Here.” 30 September 1934. p15.

Oregonian. “NW Magazine.” 24 February 1980. p. 9.

 

Newberg Graphic. 2 November 1891. p 3.

Newberg Graphic. 30 May 1906. p5.

Newberg Graphic. “A Second Mitchell Murder.” 19 July 1906. p1.

Newberg Graphic. “Mitchell Boys Arrested.” 9 August 1906. p8.

Newberg Graphic. “Obituary.” 17 June 1926. p1.

 

Newport News. “V. P. Mitchell Services Held.” 13 July 1961. page unknown.

Newport News. “David P. Mitchell Dies in Waldport.” 13 September 1962. p20.

Newport News. “Obituaries. Attie Irene Levins.” 22 June 1922. sec. 2, p2.

 

Oregon City Courier. “Check sent to Esther Mitchell.” 20 July 1906. p2.

 

Oregon City Enterprise. “Meets A Tragic Death.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Oregon City Enterprise. “Esther Mitchell Worked Here.” 20 July 1906. p5.

Oregon City Enterprise. “Will Sacrifice His Home.” 20 July 1906. p4.

 

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Rollers’ Are Quiet at Present.” 2 November 1903. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Rollers’ Seem to Like Oregon.” 4 November 1903. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollers Pursue Their Crazy Antics.” 16 November 1903. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “O. V. Hurt Chases the Holy Rollers.” 23 November 1903. p12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane.” 24 November 1903. p12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Will Make Burn Offering.” 25 November 1903. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “The Lord May Starve Them.” 27 November 1903. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Roller’ Hurt Seen In Portland.” 8 December 1903. p9.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles.” 29 December 1903. p9.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Brooks and His Feathers.” 13 January 1904. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Fred Mitchell Sought Death.” 17 January 1903. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollers Are Still In Possession.” 31 October 1903. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life.” 1 February 1904. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Medium Mystify Corvallis People.” 11 February 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “The ‘Holy Rollers’ Offend Humanity.” 1 March 1904. p1

Oregon Daily Journal. 8 March 1904. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Warrant Out For Holy Roller.” 16 March 1904. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Old Mount Rainier May Become Active.” 17 March 1904. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Roller’ Prophet Is Still Missing.” 17 March 1904. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Apostle Creffield Gets Out Of Country.” 18 March 1904. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Chase For Holy Rollers Still On.” 22 March 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “After the Holy Roller.” 30 March 1904. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Roller’ Chief Very Badly Wanted.” 1 April 1904. p9.

Oregon Daily Journal. “The Salvation Army Gets Mission Money.” 3 April 1904. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Not Religion But Murder.” 4 April 1904. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen.” 18 April 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Officer Is On ‘Apostle’s’ Trail.” 24 April 1904. p5.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Officer To Seize Young Holy Roller.” 29 April 1904. p11.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Frank Hurt Is Forced To Flee.” 30 April 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Rollers’ Lose A Convert. 30 April 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Holy Rollers’ Sent To Asylum” 1 May 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’Rollers’ Would Restore Eden.” 2 May 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Asylum Receives More Fanatics.” 7 May 1904. p11.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Two Young Women Are Committed.” 7 May 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Thinks Williams May Tell All.” 22 July 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Prophet Creffield Is At Last In Jail.” 29 July 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Takes A Bath.” 30 July 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller High Priest Is Coming.” 30 July 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Says God Will Protect Him From People.” 1 August 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “No Mob At Corvallis.” 2 August 1904. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Apostle Does Not Dislike Prison.” 2 August 1904. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “’I Know No Sin’--Apostle Creffield.” 4 August 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Heavenly Talks In County Jail.” 6 August 1904. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Silks And Rags At Army Wedding.” 6 August 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “No Flowers For ‘Apostle’ Creffield.” 9 August 1904. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Reward Will Be Returned.” 16 August 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Many Of Creffield’s Victims May Recover.” 19 August 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Refuses Aid Of An Attorney.” 23 August 1904. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Trial Will Come Soon.” 24 August 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Would Sell Nerve Tonic To Creffield.” 26 August 1904. p9.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Destroys His Revelations.” 28 August 1904. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Promotes Himself From Plain Elijah.” 11 September 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Is Guilty.” 16 September 1904. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Goes To Penitentiary.” 17 September 1904. p7.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Is Taken To Salem.” 18 September 1904. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollers Gathering Near Waldport.” 24 April 1906. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Said To Have Tried To Kill Apostle Creffield.” 29 April 1906. p13.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Leaves Home For Roller.” 30 April 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mrs. Starr Walks To Holy Roller Camp.” 1 May 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Poses As Jeremiah.” 2 May 1906. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Leader Shot Dead.” 7 May 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “O. V. Hurt Leaves For Scene Of Shooting.” 7 May 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Starr Happy to Get The News.” 7 May 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Death of Roller Causes Joy.” 8 May 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield’s Slayer To Escape, Disciples Disband.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Won Victims of Telepathy.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Widow Claims Holy Roller Will Arise From Grave.” 9 May 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell Is Denied Release on Bail.” 13 May 1906. p9.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Widow of Holy Roller Is Insane From Waiting to See the Dead Arise.” 13 May 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollers in Corvallis.” 17 May 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell’s Young Sister Esther to Testify Against Brother. 20 May 1906. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Letters from the People.” 21 May 1906. p4.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Still Believe In False Prophet.” 22 May 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell’s Attorney Goes To Corvallis.” 26 May 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell is Placed on Trial.” 25 June 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Sympathy With Mitchell.” 26 June 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. Mitchell Trial Held up by Squabble.” 27 June 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Gardner will Testify in the Mitchell Case.” 29 June 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell Trial is Under Way.” 29 June 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mrs. Creffield Testifies.” 30 June 1906. p5.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Esther Mitchell on Stand.” 2 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield Ruined Entire Family.” 3 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell and Thaw.” 5 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Baldwin Tells of His Man Hunt.” 5 July 1906. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Old Lady Grills Prosecutor.” 6 July 1906. p7.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell Jury is Kept in Dark.” 9 July 1906. p7.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell’s Fate Now With Jury.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “George Mitchell is Acquitted.” 11 July 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollers to go to Canada.” 11 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Manning Says Mitchell Did Just Right.” 11 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Are They Insane.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Esther Mitchell Should Pay Penalty, He Says.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Fear Esther Mitchell Will Commit Suicide.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Had Three Guns.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Hurt Prostrated.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mrs. Starr Not Sorry for Crime.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Story of Crime.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Upton Drunk.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Will Plead Guilty.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Wires Congratulations.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Women Went Armed.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Worked at Oregon City.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Both Killed in Same Way.” 14 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Esther Mitchell, Maud Creffield are Both Charged With Murder.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Gallows Shadow Over Two Women.” 14 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Body is Shipped to Oregon.” 16 July 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Manning Scored by Frater.” 16 July 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Says Frank Hurt is Innocent.” 16 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Lies Beside His Mother.” 17 July 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “In First Degree.” 18 July 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mitchell is Buried.” 18 July 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Family is Leaving Corvallis.” 19 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollerism is Dead Forever.” 19 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Will Defend Women.” 19 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Attorney Morris Offers Aid.” 20 July 1906. p12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “To Sacrifice Oldest Child.” 20 July 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. 21 July 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mysterious Note to O. V. Hurt.” 21 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “End to Troubles of Holy Roller Family.” 22 July 1906. p13.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Esther Mitchell Sheds Tears.” 22 July 1906. p20.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Rollerism is Discussed.” 23 July 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Laws Are Needed, Says Pastor.” 23 July 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Women Arraigned for Murder.” 23 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Withdraws Complaint.” 27 July 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Not Guilty, Plea of Murderess.” 31 July 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Makes Human Torch as Sacrifice.” 25 August 1906. p12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “White Women Join Negroes in Frenzy of Religious Orgy.” 4 September 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Woman Robs Husband to Join Holy Rollers.” 8 September 1906. p12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid.” 12 August 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Development of Bohemia.” 12 September 1906. p13.

Oregon Daily Journal. “To Examine Minds of Slayers.” 10 September 1906. p7.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month.” 16 September 1906. p14.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Glad Mitchell is Murdered.” 18 September 1906. p10.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Ship Murderess to Oregon.” 19 September 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Both Women May Go Free.” 21 September 1906. p8.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Corvallis Woman Takes Dose of Poison.” 21 September 1906. p8

Oregon Daily Journal. “Frater Must Not Deport Women.” 24 September 1906. p7.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance.” 1 October 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “California Holy Rollers Will Invade Capital City.” 4 October 1906. p14.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Epilepsy Ends Mad Revel of Holy Rollerism.” 10 October 1906. p2.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Mania Has Seized Women.” 22 October 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Says Alliance Is Not Holy Roller Church.” 23 October 1906. p6.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Ask Police Aid.” 15 November 1906. p3.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Maud Creffield Dies in Jail.” 17 November 1906. p12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Poison May Have Caused Death.” 18 November 1906. p26.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Only What He Expected.” 18 November 1906. p26.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Creffield’s Widow Died From Poison.” 20 November 1906. p1.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Deaths.” 18 February 1909. p. 12.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Esther Mitchell Did Not Break Parole.” 8 April 1909. p11.

Oregon Daily Journal. “Holy Roller Principal Suicide.” 3 August 1914. p14.

Oregon Daily Journal. 9 January 1937. p4.

Oregon Sunday Journal. “Murderess Cursed by Brothers.” 15 July 1906. p1.

 

Polk County Observer. “The Holy Rollers. 6 November 1903. p1.

 

San Francisco Chronicle. “May Offer Up Human Sacrifice.” 1 November 1903. p19.

San Francisco Chronicle. “Holy Rollers Leave in Fear. 3 November 1903. p1.

San Francisco Chronicle. “Leader of Holy Rollers Returns to his Flock. 6 November 1903. p3.

 

Deffenbaugh, Walter. Seattle Daily Times. “Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock.” 1 July 1906. p. 3.

Deffenbaugh, Walter. Seattle Daily Times. “Esther Mitchell at Brother’s Trial.” 30 June 1906. p. 1.

Deffenbaugh, Walter. Seattle Daily Times. “Mitchell is at Last on Trial.” 29 June 1906. p. 1.

Deffenbaugh, Walter. Seattle Daily Times. “Mitchell Meets His Aged Father.” 28 June 1906. p. 1.

Deffenbaugh, Walter. Seattle Daily Times. “Still Working on Mitchell Jury.” 26 June 1906. p. 1.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “O. V. Hurt, Star Witness for Mitchell Defense, Gives His Testimony.” 3 July 1906. p1.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Mitchell Weeps While Starr Testifies.” 4 July 1906. p1.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Attorneys Argue Many Wary Hours.” 5 July 1906. p1.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Audience Shouts Approval of Verdict.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Killing of Emory May Effect Mitchell.” 9 July 1906. p3.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Mitchell Case Goes to Jury.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Mitchell Jury to be Given Case Wednesday.” 8 July 1906. p17.

Kelsey, E. O. “Seattle Daily Times. Signal Victory for Mitchell Defense.” 7 July 1906.

Kelsey, E. O. Seattle Daily Times. “Visits Wrath on Head of State’s Attorney.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “New Officers Take Up Religious Work.” 25 April 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield’s Followers In An Insane Asylum.” 7 May 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield Shot To Death.” 7 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Justifiable Homicide?” 8 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell to Get Medal For Murder.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Doings of Holy Rollers at Corvallis.” 10 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Bullet Only Way to Save His Sisters.” 10 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell To Be Arraigned At Once.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Statue Prevents Granting Bail To Mitchell.” 12 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield is Due To Rise Today.” 13 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield Victim Tells Sad Story.” 15 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Let The Law Take Its Course.” 15 May 1906. p6.

Seattle Daily Times . “Oregon Citizens Plan Aid for Mitchell.” 15 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield Said To Stay.” 16 May 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield Made No Denial Of His Acts.” 17 May 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Five Refugees Return.” 17 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Holy Roller Wife Would Be Forgiven.” 17 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Religious Fanatic Terrifies Sailors.” 17 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield Driven From Vermont.” 18 May 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell Enters His Formal Plea.” 19 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “New Head of the Police Department of Seattle. 20 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Joshua Says Not to Worry.” 27 May 1906. p10.

Seattle Daily Times . “Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend.” 1 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Talesman to Try Mitchell.” 16 June 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Many Witnesses For Mitchell.” 19 June 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell Trial Tomorrow.” 24 June 1906. p12.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell Trial Begins.” 25 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Says She Talked With God.” 25 June 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Still Endeavoring to Secure a Jury to Try Mitchell.” 27 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . Witnesses at the Mitchell Trial. 30 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell on Witness Stand.” 2 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Comes to Testify in Behalf of Mitchell.” 4 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Claims Mitchell was Insane.” 6 July 1906. p14.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell Seeks Aid.” 8 July 1906. p21.

Seattle Daily Times . “Thompson is Charged With First Degree Murder.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . 11 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell Seeks His Sister.” 11 July 1906. p9.

Seattle Daily Times . “Much Credit Due Prosecuting Attorney.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal.” 12 July 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Avenge Death of Creffield” 4th Extra. 12 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Is Reconciled to Her Father.” 5 o’clock edition,12 July 1906. p9.

Seattle Daily Times . “Brothers Will Testify Against Esther Mitchell.” 13 July 1906. p13.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield’s Followers in Camp at Kiger’s Island.” 13 July 1906. p13.

Seattle Daily Times . “Creffield’s Widow Had Three Revolvers.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Declares Esther is Surely Insane.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell is Willing to Hang.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Murder Causes a Sensation in Portland.” 13 July 1906. p13.

Seattle Daily Times . “Murder Mania is Denounced by Lawyers.” 13 July 1906. p3.

Seattle Daily Times . “Pay Last Tribute to Memory of Jurist.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Spangenberg Sold Woman Revolver.” 13 July 1906. p13.

Seattle Daily Times . “Suicide Rumor Causes Sheriff Much Trouble.” 13 July 1906. p3.

Seattle Daily Times . “The Times Scoops.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Walla Walla Man Glad Mitchell Died.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Wagner Would Aid Women in Fight.” 13 July 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Wanton Murder!” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Was One of Most Fanatical of Sect.” 13 July 1906. p13.

Seattle Daily Times . “Woman’s Great Crime Causes Loss of Friend.” 14 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Brothers Refuse to Aid Esther Mitchell.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Four Holy Rollers Living at Everett.” 14 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Seek to Raise Money to Bury Their Brother.” 14 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “The Insanity Farce.” 14 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Daily Times . “Follows in Steps of Creffield.” 16 July 1906. p11.

Seattle Daily Times . “Body is Shipped to Oregon.” 16 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell’s Murderers Talk to a Lawyer.” 16 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Daily Times . “Will Look After His Daughter’s Defense.” 16 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mitchell Buried in Oregon.” 17 July 1906. p8.

Seattle Daily Times . “Murderers Are Examined Daily.” 17 July 1906. p8.

Seattle Daily Times . “Cheap ‘Economy’ Talk.” 19 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell Receives $1.” 22 July 1906. p8.

Seattle Daily Times . “Holy Rollers in California.” 22 July 1906. p11.

Seattle Daily Times . “Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane.” 22 July 1906. p44.

Seattle Daily Times . “Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists.” 23 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission.” 24 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Army Has Moved to Seattle.” 26 July 1906. p11.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell Pleads Not Guilty.” 31 July 1906. p9.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell Very Ill.” 13 August 1906. p5.

Seattle Daily Times . “Criminal Court to be Busy.” 1 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell May Escape Trial.” 10 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Sets Creffield Case for Trial in October.” 15 September 1906. p14.

Seattle Daily Times . “Insanity Inquest Unfinished.” 17 September 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang.” 18 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Declares Slayers of Mitchell Insane.” 20 September 1906. p1

Seattle Daily Times . “Insanity Excuse Arouses Much Indignation.” 21 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Where is This Thing to End!” 22 September 1906. p6.

Seattle Daily Times . “Murders Must Be Tried.” 23 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Judge Frater is in Very Small Business.” 25 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Supreme Court Acts.” 24 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . Insanity Board Not Paid.” 28 September 1906. p13.

Seattle Daily Times . “Murder Epidemic as Result of ‘Insanity’ Folly Predicted by Times.” 2 October 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Neighbors Object to Religious Sect.” 17 October 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Religious Excitement Raging in Salem, Ore.” 27 October 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Maud Creffield Dies in County Jail.” 17 November 1906. p2.

Seattle Daily Times . “Death May End a Hypnotic Spell.” 18 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mrs. Creffield’s Father Coming.” 18 November 1906. p4.

Seattle Daily Times . “Esther Mitchell Breaks Down at Funeral.” 19 November 1906. p7.

Seattle Daily Times . “Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!” 20 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Daily Statistics.” Deaths.” 21 November 1906. p16.

Seattle Daily Times . “Religious Frenzy in Ballard.” 30 November 1906. p10.

Seattle Daily Times . “Recent Insanity Hearings Provoke Startling Charges.” 4 December 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Bar Association Will Investigate Charges Against Frater!” 5 December 1906. p1.

Seattle Daily Times . “Strikes Blow at Insanity Plea Dodge.” 5 December 1906. p2.

 

Haynes, Myron. Seattle Mail and Herald. “The Creffield Murder--Shall it be Condoned” 16 May 1906. p4.

Seattle Mail and Herald. “Salmagundi.” 12 May 1906. p3.

Seattle Mail and Herald. “Reaping the Whirlwind.” 21 July 1906. p3.

 

Angeloff, Sam. Seattle Post Intelligencer. “He Raised His Voice In Holy Anger.” 15 May 1906. page unknown.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Marriage Licenses.” 4 April 1906. p11.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “History of the ‘Holy Rollers.’” 8 May 1906. p11.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Leader Of ‘Holy Rollers’ Killer.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Crefeld [sic] is to be Buried Today.” 9 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell.” 10 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave.” 10 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Insanity May Be Mitchell’s Plea.” 11 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell May Ask Court for Bail.” 12 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Court Denies Bail to Geo. Mitchell.” 13 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Crefeld [sic] Fails to Rise From Dead.” 14 May 1906. p12.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell to Enter Plea Tomorrow.” 18 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty.” 19 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “F. M. Dow Denies Knowing Crefeld [sic].” 20 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Attorneys Ready For Mitchell Trial.” 23 June 1906. p9.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Declares He Is Not Guilty.” 30 May 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Select Jurors in Mitchell Trial.” 26 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Trial Advances Slowly.” 27 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Special Venire in Mitchell’s Trial.” 28 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Thirty More Named as Special Jurors.” 28 June 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Evidence Against Mitchell Today.” 29 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Maud Crefeld [sic] on Witness Stand.” 30 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Crefeld [sic]’s Doings Plea of Defense.” 1 July 1906. sec. 2, p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Insane Delusion Mitchell’s Plea.” 3 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Tell How Homes Were Broken Up.” 4 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Oregon Attorney Here for Mitchell.” 5 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Witnesses from Portland Called.” 5 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Say They Wished to Kill Crefeld [sic]” 6 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell’s Defense Soon Will Close.” 7 July 1906. p16.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Insane Expert Testifies.” 8 July 1906. p12.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Trial About Concluded.” 10 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Freed by Jury’s Verdict.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell’s Father Leaves for East.” 12 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Attorney Miller Goes to Morgue.” 13 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Both Sleep Soundly at the County Jail.” 13 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Chester Thompson is Not Informed.” 13 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Crowds Try to Get Look at Murderess.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “George Mitchell Killed by Sister.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “’Holy Rollerism’ Cause of Tragedy.” 13 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Hurt Hopes Esther Will Be Punished.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Judge W. H. Upton Offers Assistance.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Maud Crefeld Was Given Revolver.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Bade Jailers Good-Bye.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mrs. Starr Smiles at Brother’s Death.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Obituaries.” 13 July 1906. p11.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Perry Mitchell Tells of Killing.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Planned to Kill Mitchell Herself.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Says She Does Not Regret Shooting.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Sisters Conversed Daily Over Phone.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Sister Said She Would Have Killed.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “State’s Attorney Makes Statement.” 13 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Too Easy to Get Pistols.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Widow Blamed for the Tragedy.” 13 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Attorney Manning Discusses Murder.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Wanted to Assist Distressed Women.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Declares Murder Was for Revenge.” 14 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Deny Religion Led to Killing.” 14 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Prosecutor Will File Information.” 14 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Shows Mitchell had Normal Brain.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Surprised by the Action of Manning.” 15 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “O. V. Hurt Sends Aid to Daughter.” 15 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Both Women Will Ask for Attorney.” 16 July 1906. p14.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Says She Has Kept Religion Out of It.” 16 July 1906. p14.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Still Loves His Daughter Maud.” 17 July 1906. p16.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “May Take Esther Mitchell South.” 18 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Threaten Sister of George Mitchell.” 18 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Information Filed in Mitchell Case.” 19 July 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Says Roller Creed is Dead Forever.” 19 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “The Insane of Criminal Impulse.” 19 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “To Arraign Esther Mitchell Monday.” 20 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther.” 21 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Says Crefeld [sic] Was ‘Good Godly Man.’” 22 July 1906. p14.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell Sent Dollar Back.” 23 July 1906. p14.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell Appears in Court.” 24 July 1906. p9.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Headquarters of Province Here.” 27 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Write Letters to Esther Mitchell.” 28 July 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell.” 1 August 1906. p16.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “W. A. Holzheimer Will Defend Mrs. Crefeld [sic].” 6 August 1906. p11.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill.” 13 August 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Charges Mitchell Girl is Insane.” 11 September 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell Objects to Help.” 13 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “State to Oppose Insanity Charge.” 14 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Secret Sessions in Mitchell Case.” 15 September 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Crefeld [sic] Murder Trial on Oct. 22.” 16 September 1906. p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Insanity Hearing May Close Monday.” 16 September 1906. p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “New Evidence in Sanity Hearing.” 18 September 1906. p16.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mitchell Crefeld [sic] Hearing is Ended.” 19 September 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Insanity Board May Report Today.” 20 September 1906. p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Crefeld [sic] Insane.” 21 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Miller Objects to Board’s Report.” 22 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Supreme Court to Determine Sanity.” 23 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Injunction Issued in Mitchell Case.” 25 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Restraint Might Only Delay Case.” 27 September 1906. p7.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Monday Was Time For Crefeld [sic].” 21 October 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Crefeld [sic]-Mitchell Case is Submitted.” 27 October 1906. p8.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Mrs. Hurt Visits Daughter in Jail.” 11 November 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Believes Death Came Naturally.” 17 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Maud Crefeld [sic] Dies in the County Jail.” 17 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Tragic Record of the Holy Rollers.” 17 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Cause of Death Not Determined.” 18 November 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell Refuses Visitors.” 18 November 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Girl May Attend Funeral Services.” 18 November 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. 18 November 1906. Classified Albany Democrat Section, p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Gives Opinion on Crefeld [sic] Autopsy.” 19 November 1906. p5.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “O. V. Hurt Arrives From Corvallis.” 19 November 1906. p16.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Says Friend Did Not Kill Herself.” 22 November 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Holy Roller Leader Buried Beside Wife.” 22 November 1906. p4.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Decided Change in Esther Mitchell.” 20 November 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Funeral Held to Late Mrs. Crefeld [sic].” 20 November 1906. p10.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Special Notices--Deaths and Funerals.” 20 November 1906. p14.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Poison is Found in the Stomach of Mrs. Crefeld [sic].” 21 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Post Intelligencer. “Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum.” 21 February 1907. p4.

 

Seattle Star. “I Got My Man.” 7 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Revolting Creed Of Holy Rollers.” 7 May 1906. p3.

Seattle Star. “Justifiable Homicide Is the Defense.” 8 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “’He Is Not Dead But Will Arise.’--Mrs. Edmund Creffield.” 9 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Why? The Case of George Beede.” 9 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Will Try His Best To Hang. Geo. Mitchell.” 9 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Offers of Aid for Mitchell Are Pouring In.” 10 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Writes Plea for Mitchell.” 10 May 1906. p3.

Seattle Star. “Holy Roller Ruled by Hypnotic Power.” 11 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell Must Remain in Jail.” 12 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “What an Honorable Man Thinks of Geo. Mitchell.” 12 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave.” 14 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Sister Turns on Mitchell.” 14 May 1906. p6.

Seattle Star. “Holy Roller Hurt Back From Oregon.” 15 May 1906.

Seattle Star. “Miss Mitchell to Be Chief Witness.” 15 May 1906. p3.

Seattle Star. “Attack on Mitchell Fails to Carry.” 16 May 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Were Half Starved But Still Faithful.” 17 May 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Creffield (obliterated text) Rail In Vermont.” 18 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Expert Writes on Creffield Case.” 18 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Esther Mitchell.” 19 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “’Not Guilty’ Is His Plea.” 19 May 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Gets Message from Messiah.” 28 May 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Creffield’s Influences.” 1 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Witnesses Called in Mitchell Case.” 19 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell’s Brother Here for the Trial.” 22 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Will Testify For Mitchell.” 23 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “George Mitchell on Trial For His Life.” 25 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell’s Brother Here for the Trial.” 25 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell Jury is Selected with Care.” 26 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Slow Work to Pick the Mitchell Jury.” 27 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “State and Defense Weed Out Jurors.” 28 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell Trial is Now on in Earnest.” 29 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “State Will Close its Case Monday.” 30 June 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “’God Bless You, George; We’re Praying For You.’” 2 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Hurt Tells the Horrible Story of Holy Rollerism.” 3 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Wanted a Chance to Kill Creffield.” 5 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Are Sure Mitchell Was Out of His Mind.” 6 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand.” 7 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell Jury is Kept in Ignorance.” 9 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Esther Mitchell Makes Her Escape.” 10 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell May Know Fate before Night.” 10 July 1906. p1,

Seattle Star. “George Mitchell is Now a Free Man.” 11 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchells Go to Portland.” 12 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Climax of Crime in History of Seattle.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Crowds Flock to View Body.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Demands Arrest of Frank Hurt.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Star. “Do Not Believe Hurt Implicated.” 13 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Esther Tried to Hide Name.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “’Flower Girl’ Visits Morgue.” 13 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Girl’s Heart Will Break.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Intimate Study of the Face of Esther Mitchell.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Her Good-Bye Was a Missile of Death.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Hurt Cleared of Suspicion.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mrs. Creffield Bought Gun.” 13 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Mrs. Creffield Did Planning.” 13 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Star. “Murder in First Degree.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Sister Smiles Over Murder.” 13 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Sleeps the Sleep of a Care-Free Girl.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Will Hold a Post-Mortem.” 13 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Brain Shows no Insanity.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Doesn’t Blame His Daughter.” 14 July 1906. p3.

Seattle Star. “Dr. Haynes Roasts Seattle Reporter.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Father’s Love is Still Alive.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “File Charge Next Week.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Flowers Deck Body of Boy.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Holy Rollers at Everett.” 14 July 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Insanity Plea is Loophole in Law.” July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Need Money for Mitchell Funeral.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Women Have no Defense Plans.” 14 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Money is Raised to Bury Mitchell.” 16 July 1906. p8.

Seattle Star. “Pastors Talk of Tragedies.” 16 July 1906. p8.

Seattle Star. “Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter.” 16 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Early Trial for Women Slayers.” 17 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Let’s Think When We Talk.” 17 July 1906. p4.

Seattle Star. “Will Provide for Daughter.” 17 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Esther Mitchell to Have Defense.” 18 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Threatens His Sister’s Life.” 18 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail.” 19 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mitchell’s Slayers are Arraigned.” 23 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming.” 27 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Esther Mitchell Pleads Tomorrow.” 30 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty.” 31 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Will Defend Mrs. Creffield.” 4 August 1906. p5.

Seattle Star. “Are Like the Holy Rollers.” 11 August 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Esther Mitchell is Far From Death.” 13 August 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Terrible Tale of Illness of Esther Mitchell.” 14 August 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Will be Tried Next Month.” 8 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane.” 12 September 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Women Not Agitated.” 14 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Trial Set for Mrs. Creffield.” 15 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mrs. Creffield on Stand.” 17 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Did Only What the Spirits Commanded.” 18 September 1906. p7.

Seattle Star. “Are They Sane of Insane?” 19 September 1906. p6.

Seattle Star. “Says Examination Was Only a Farce.” 21 September 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Writ for Frater.” 25 September 1906. p6.

Seattle Star. “Where Women are ‘Inspired.’” 12 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “’God’s Children’ Rejoice Joyfully.” 16 November 1906. p8.

Seattle Star. “Third Fatality in Holy Roller Drama.” 17 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Mrs. Creffield Laid to Rest.” 19 November 1906. p3.

Seattle Star. “Maud Creffield Died by Her Own Hand.” 20 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “They Still Scout Theory of Suicide.” 21 November 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Washing Dirty Linen.” 4 December 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Say It Is Up to Judge Frater.” 5 December 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Judge Frater Hits Back at Mackintosh.” 6 December 1906. p1.

Seattle Star. “Baptized in Icy Waters.” 19 December 1906. p1.

 

Seattle Sunday Times. “An Epidemic of Murder.” 15 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Sunday Times. 15 July 1906. p6.

Seattle Sunday Times. “Says Daughter is Not Insane.” 15 July 1906. p1.

Seattle Sunday Times. “Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter.” 15 July 1906. p1.

 

South Lincoln County News (Waldport, Oregon). “Eyes of World fall on Waldport.” 1 April 1997. p. 1.

South Lincoln County News (Waldport, Oregon). “Obituary.” 20 April 1999. p. 2.

 

Thompson
, Lewis, Startling Detective Magazine. “Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest 
Franz Edmund Creffield – ‘Joshua the Second’”. March 1951, Vol. 42, No. 244

 

Tacoma Daily News. “Holy Roller is Shot Down in Street.” 5 May 1906. p. 1.

Tacoma Daily News. “Are to Defend Holy Roller Slayer” 8 May 1906. p. 1.

 

The Dalles Daily Chronicle. “Salvation Army.” 22 September 1900. p3.

The Dalles Daily Chronicle. 18 October 1900. p3.

The Dalles Daily Chronicle. 1 November 1900.  p4.

The Dalles Daily Chronicle. “Grand Farewell Meeting.” 3 November 1900. p4.

 

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 24 June 1903. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 22 July 1903. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “False Doctrine.” 25 July 1903. p4.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 22 August 1903. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 2 September 1903. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Local Items.” 5 September 1903. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Fanatics Antics Excite Corvallis.” 4 November 1903. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Crefield [sic] Reappears.” 7 November 1903. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Had Promise of Tar and Feathers.” 7 November 1903. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Alice, Arise, I command Thee.” 11 November 1903. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 21 November 1903. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Holy Roller Insane.” 28 November 1903. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Rollers Rolled in Feathers.” 9 January 1904. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Officers to Seize Young Holy Roller.” 4 May 1904. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “The Doomed Murderer.” 16 July 1904. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Creffield is Captured.” 3 August 1904. p1.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Not Creffieldites.” 3 August 1904. p4.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 17 September 1904. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Two Years in Pen.” 21 September 1904. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. 24 September 1904. p2.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Tar and Feather Case.” 18 March 1905. p3.

The Dalles Semi-Weekly Chronicle. “Shadow of Scaffold.” 22 July 1905. p2.

 

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. 19 April 1902. p3.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. 23 April 1902. p3.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. 1 October 1902. p3.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. 3 December 1902. p3

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. 10 December 1902. p3.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. “Holy Rollers Gathering.” 27 April 1906. p1.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. “Won Following by Telepathy.” 11 May 1906. p1.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. Slaying the ‘Prophets.’” 11 May 1906. p4.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. “For Defense of Mitchell.” 18 May 1906. p4.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. “Ready to Try Mitchell.” 22 June 1906. p3.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. “Creffield’s Slayer on Trial.” 29 June 1906. p9.

The Dalles Weekly Chronicle. “Joshua’s Ghost in County Jail.” 29 June 1906. p1.

 

Weekly Gazette-Times. “Esther Mitchell Found in a Hut.” 20 August 1909. p7.

Weekly Gazette-Times “Mitchell Girl at Waldport.” 27 August 1909. p6.

Weekly Gazette-Times. 28 April 1911. p8.

 

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Holy Rollers Again Scattered.” 1 January 1904. p2.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Creffield Has at Last Been Caught.” 4 August 1904. p1.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Holy Roller.” 8 August 1904. p7.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Holy Roller Mania.” 26 April 1906. p5.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Holy Rollers in Albany.” 3 May 1906. p5.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Burned His Shoes in County Jail.” 5 May 1904. p1.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Holy Rollers in the Public Eye.” 5 May 1904. p7.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “A Reminder of Creffield.” 17 May 1906. p7.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Took Strychnine.” 22 November 1906. p1.

Weekly Herald Disseminator. “Weeps Like a Child.” 22 November 1906. p. 12.

 

West Side Enterprise. “Passed Through.” 4 August 1904. p2.

West Side Enterprise. “Passed Through.” 24 August 1904. p3.

 

Yamhill County Reporter. “Corvallis and Eastern Railroad.” 19 April 1906. p4.

Yamhill County Reporter. “Holy Roller Craze Again.” 26 April 1906. p2.

Yamhill County Reporter. 3 May 1906. p3.

Yamhill County Reporter. “Married.” 9 April 1914. p1.

Yamhill County Reporter. 6 August 1914. p1.

Yamhill County Reporter. 13 August 1914. p3.

Yamhill County Reporter. 3 April 1919.

Yamhill County Reporter. “Vernon LaMar Hartley Called.” 7 August 1919.

Yamhill County Reporter. “Frank Hurt Meets Death by Gun Accident.” 15 January 1920. p1.

Yamhill County Reporter. “Mrs. Warren Hartley Dies Following Long Illness.” 2 November 1933.

Yamhill County Reporter. 14 December 1894. p3.

Yamhill County Reporter. 6 November 1903. p8.

Yamhill County Reporter. 13 November 1903. p4.

Yamhill County Reporter. 20 November 1903. p4.

Yamhill County Reporter. 12 February 1904. p5.

Holy Rollers

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

***

Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

***

The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

***

Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

***

Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

***

1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

***

Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

***

Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

***

Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

***

Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

***

Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

***

About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Theresa (T-) McCracken
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