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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

 

Seattle Daily Times 11/18/1906 p1

Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

Observers Are Watching for the Effect of Maud Creffield’s Decease on Esther Mitchell, Her Partner in Crime.

Natural Traits May Now Be Developed.

Members of Insanity Commission Discuss Physical Condition of Women at Time of Investigation.

 

Will Esther Mitchell, but the death of Maud Creffield, be released from the hypnotic spell under which some believe she has been held by the influence of the older woman?

 

All the evidence in the hands of the state as to the murder of George Mitchell shows that the crime was coldly and carefully planned by Maud Creffield, widow of the infamous leader of the Holy Rollers whom he had slain. After her arrest Mrs. Creffield calmly confessed that she had urged Esther Mitchell to the murder of her brother and had provided the weapon from which was fired the shot that ended George Mitchell’s life in the Union Depot on King Street.

 

What influence congealed the natural fountains of sisterly affection in Esther Mitchell; what stimulant to perversion so prejudiced her mind against the brother who had sought only to save her from worse than death, steeled her heart and strengthened her hand to cold-blooded fratricide? These are the questions which, ever since the murder, have attracted and interested lawyers, doctors, alienists, as well as scores of dilettante students of mental and moral conditions.

 

JOSHUA’S INFLUENCE

 

At the outset it was held by a few adherents to the extreme theories of hypnotism that the mental and physical domination which Franz Creffield, the unspeakable, maintained in life over all who came within his influence, extended even from the grave and impelled his widow, Maud Creffield, to the planning and his victim, Esther Mitchell, to the commission of the murder by which his wrath was primitively avenged.

 

But the two women themselves repudiated this suggestion and blasphemously attributed the inspiration for their crime to the highest source of human idea.

 

“God had commanded it,” they said.

 

Later on, among those who had studied the participants in the crime and their antecedents and had observed the conduct of the women in their incarceration, the belief gained ground that the mind of Esther Mitchell was dominated absolutely by Mrs. Creffield. Whether the influence arose from long association in the madness of frenzied religion, from mere mental superiority, from animal magnetism or from hypnotism, there were few who would venture to say. Those few have persisted in holding to the theory of hypnotic influence, established prior to the commission of the murder of George Mitchell and continuing during the confinement of the women in the King County jail

 

Whether this hypnotic influence will hold from out the land of shadows into which Maud Creffield has passed, or whether it has ceased and determined with the flight of her spirit, is the question which now compels the attention and invited the discussion of such theorists--a question which they incline to believe will be settled in the natural course of events during the next few days either by a change of demeanor of Esther Mitchell or by the continuance of the stolidity that has come to be considered by her jailers as characteristic.

 

MISSES BUT GRIEVES NOT

 

So far there has been little apparent change. Esther Mitchell has shown no grief at the death of her cell mate and partner in crime. The sudden end of Mrs. Creffield is accepted by this strange girl with the same perfection of indifference that she showed when she declared, immediately after murdering her brother, that she had done right and was ready to pay the penalty fixed by the laws of men.

 

She admits only that she is lonely. In her darkened cell she misses the woman who had been her sole companion and only intimate during the months of restraint. She does not grieve. It is but the selfish instinct against solitude that seems to stir.

 

And yet it is the first manifestation of any sort of human instinct that has come from Esther Mitchell. May it be taken to indicate the dissipation of the shadows that have surrounded her? Is it the first faint glimmer of light within?

 

EXPECTS SUICIDE

 

“I believe that Esther Mitchell will commit suicide within a short time. The attachment between her and Mrs. Creffield was such a close one that I believe the woman, with her weak and unsound mentality, will grasp the first opportunity that offers itself of taking her own life.”

 

Such was the statement made last night by Dr. R. M. Eames, one of the members of the commission that pronounced both Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Creffield insane.

 

“I do not believe that Maud Creffield committed suicide,” said Dr. Eames. “She was not the kind of woman that would take her own life. I do not believe Esther Mitchell would think of suicide were Mrs. Creffield alive. But I do believe that, with Mrs. Creffield dead, the chief thought in Esther Mitchell’s brain is to take her own life.

 

“The attachment existing between those two women was, I believe, without a parallel. Esther Mitchell depended upon the older woman as a child would upon a parent.

 

“I am inclined to believe that Mrs. Creffield died of Heart disease. While the hearing as to their sanity was being conducted I made a physical examination of Mrs. Creffield. I was certain that the woman had what is popularly called ‘valvular heart trouble’ in a mild form. The other two physicians did not agree with me in this, but they did not strongly oppose my belief. The fact that the autopsy showed the heart to be normal is not proof that she did not die of heart disease. an autopsy held upon a person known to have died from heart disease is likely to result in the heart being found in a normal condition.

 

“I gave much thought to the cases of the two women during the hearing and since. I am satisfied both women were insane.”

 

Dr. Kenneth Turner, another of the physicians that determined that Mrs. Creffield and Esther Mitchell were insane, is at a loss to account for Mrs. Creffield’s death. Less than two months ago Dr. Turner made a full, complete and careful examination of Mrs. Creffield. He found every organ in her body to be in a healthy condition that would have made the development of any fatal organic disease in the space of two months exceedingly improbable.

 

Speaking of the theory advanced that Mrs. Creffield died of heart disease, Dr. Turner said:

I made a most careful examination of the woman’s heart. I found that she had a neurotic heart--that is a nervous heart. She told me that when she was excited she suffered sometimes from palpitation and occasionally had a pain in the region of the heart. The condition of her heart, however, was no different from that of thousands of other persons who work heard and live long lives. There was nothing in its condition to make it probable that any heart disease would cause her death within a space of a few months. The autopsy, I have been informed, bears out the finding of my physical examination, showing that Mrs. Creffield had a normal heart.

 

IN HEALTHY CONDITION

 

 “All of her other organs were in a healthy condition. I am totally at a loss to account for her death.

 

“As to the suicide theory, I have not ventured even to form an opinion. I do not know. I can’t satisfy my own mind. During the hearing, the woman admitted that she had often considered committing suicide. In despondent moments she said that the thought had often come to her. She said that she would have killed herself had she not been commanded by a voice from Heaven not to yield to the thought. If she heard the voice of her husband calling to her to commit suicide, I would not be at all surprised if she did.

 

“When I read the report of Mrs. Creffield’s death, the first thought that occurred to me was, ‘How long will it be before Esther Mitchell commits suicide.” The influence that Mrs. Creffield had over Esther was wonderful. I have never tried to account for it. The elder woman certainly had complete control over the younger. I have never considered the question as to how she obtained her power over Esther. I found the fact and never settled in my own mind what was the cause of it.”

 

 

HEADLINES IN PAPERS FOR THE SAME ARTICLE

 

Seattle Daily Times 11/18/1906 p4

Mrs. Creffield’s Father Coming

 

Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 11/18/1906 p26

Only What He Expected

 

Sorrowful Comment of Faithful, Heartbroken Father of the Fanatic.

 

(Special Dispatch to the Journal)

 

CORVALLIS, Or., Saturday, Nov 17.--”This is what I have been expecting for a long time,” was the only remark O. V. Hurt made upon reading the telegram this morning announcing the death of his daughter, Mrs. Maud Creffield, at Seattle. Hurt and daughter, Mae, left this noon for Seattle. The mother does not go. Hurt will not bring the remains here. Hurt, who has been lavish in his attentions to his wayward daughter all along, and recently sold his little home here, supposedly to get funds to defend her, was overcome with emotion on the receipt of the news. The townspeople generally, while sympathizing with the father, say that the death was a merciful solution to the problem.

 

 

Seattle Post Intelligencer 11/18/1906 p4

Cause of Death Not Determined

Autopsy Physicians Fail to Find Out What Caused Mrs. Creffield’s Demise

Coroner Thinks Uraemia.

Fluid in the Dead Woman’s Stomach to be Examined by Chemist.

 

The autopsy performed on the body of Mrs. Maud Creffield yesterday failed to reveal to the coroner the exact cause of death. From the evidence he found she may have died from uraemia, neuralgia of the heart or poison taken into the stomach. The first named is believed by Coroner Carroll to have been the cause of death.

 

A chemical analysis of the dead woman’s stomach will be made by a chemist. The examination will take at least forty-eight hours, and the coroner does not expect to get a report on the matter until Monday night.

 

“Although poison may be found in the stomach,” said the coroner, “I do not believe the woman poisoned herself. The autopsy showed that the woman had been suffering from uraemia, and that is the most probable cause of death. The vital organs of the body showed a healthy condition.

 

CANNOT SHIP BODY

 

The autopsy was performed at the morgue of the Bonney-Watson Co. yesterday morning and was very extensive. The surgeons did their work so well that the embalmers were unable to keep the embalming fluid in the body after the post mortem examination, and the corpse cannot be shipped to Oregon for burial as had been planned by Frank Hurt, Mrs. Creffield’s brother. On account of the fact that he wished to use every means in his power to ascertain if there was any trace of poison in the body, the coroner ordered that no embalming fluid be used on the body until after the autopsy. Then it was impossible for the undertakers to preserve the remains, and the body will have to be buried in Seattle within a very short time. It was the express wish of Frank Hurt, brother of the dead woman, that no morbid persons be allowed to see the body of his sister. When the bodies of Franz Edmund Creffield and George Mitchell were at the morgue hundreds of people came to see them. In the case of the third of the Holy Roller deaths the curious crowd will be denied an opportunity of looking upon the face of the dead.

 

Coroner Carroll does not consider that an inquest is necessary and will probably not hold one.

 

 

Seattle Post Intelligencer 11/18/1906 p4

Esther Mitchell Refuses Visitors

Sees Brother and Police Matron and Spends Greater Part of Day in Tears.

 

After witnessing the death of Mrs. Maud Creffield, her closest friend, with dry eyes, Esther Mitchell has at last been moved to tears, and yesterday she spent nearly they entire day weeping over the loss of the companion who is held to be responsible for the situation i which the girl now finds herself--a prisoner behind steel doors, awaiting trial for the murder of her brother. During the night which marked the death of Mrs. Creffield, the girl showed sorrow in the loss of her friend, and before the body was taken away spent her time caressing the cold face, but she answered the questions put to her in a calm and collected manner and seemed physically unmoved. Yesterday morning this manner changed. She became unusually nervous, and tears came. She refused to see visitors during the entire day, giving special instructions that no press representatives be allowed in her cell.

 

Police Matron Kelly and Frank Hurt, a brother of the dead woman, called in the morning and talked with her, but no others were admitted. Mrs. Kelly spent a part of the night with the girl. Hurt merely talked with her while she was packing up some of Mrs. Creffield’s clothing, in which she is to be dressed for burial.

 

Hurt stated to the jailers that there is no question but that the death of his sister was caused by heart disease, and in support of his assertion declared that the woman has had a number of attacks during the past few years.

 

Jailer vanMeer also declared that Mrs. Creffield has had many fainting spells, which she laid to heart trouble. Esther Mitchell stated to the jailers that there is nothing she can say that will add to what is already known. She made the remark, however, that before her death Mrs. Creffield told her things which she could not and would not tell to her own parents. What these things are she declares she will never tell under any circumstances.

 

 

Seattle Post Intelligencer 11/18/1906 p4

Girl May Attend Funeral Services

 

If the funeral of Mrs. Maud Creffield is held in this city W. A. Holzheimer, formerly attorney for the woman, will ask the superior court that Esther Mitchell be allowed to attend the funeral in company with a deputy sheriff. Mr. Holzheimer received a telegram from O. V. Hurt, father of the dead woman, in which he states that he will be in the city today, if it is possible to get here, and at that time arrangements will be made for the funeral. Mr. Holzheimer believes that the woman will be laid to rest by the side of her dead husband as he declares that would have been her wish if she could have expressed herself on the matter.

 

As soon as he learned of the death of Mrs. Creffield, the attorney paid a visit to the girl Esther. She received him in her cell with the statement, “I am all alone now,” and seemed greatly depressed. Later, however, she grew brighter upon receiving the assurances from Mr. Holzheimer that he would see that the dead woman got every care and would notify the father.

 

 

Seattle Post Intelligencer 11/18/1906 p1

Classified Ad Section

 

CREFELD--In this city, Nov. 16, 1906, Ida Maud Crefeld, aged 26 years. Announcement of funeral hereafter. Remains at the private parlors of Bonney-Watson Co.

 

 

Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 11/18/1906

Poison May Have Caused Death

Autopsy to Reveal Secret of Mrs. Creffield’s Sudden Demise.

 

(Special Dispatch to The Journal)

 

Seattle, Wash., Nov 17.--The autopsy on Maud Creffield, performed at 11 o’clock this morning by Coroner Carroll and other surgeons, showed that the heart, lungs, liver and kidneys were in a healthy condition. The stomach was taken out and will be analyzed tomorrow or Monday. Carroll says that death might be due to poisoning, neuralgia of the heart or uraemia.

 

Lawyers who have been preparing the defense of Esther Mitchell, indicted for the murder of her brother George, have signified their intention of laying the blame of the homicide to the sinister influence Maud Creffield exercised over the girl murderess. It was established at the time of the killing that Mrs. Creffield bought the revolver and urged Esther Mitchell on to the commission of the crime. She acknowledged her part in the plot, shortly after her arrest, and said that she and Esther had a perfect understanding in the whole matter, and Esther was selected to do the shooting because she, as the avenging wife of her husband’s murderer, would be watched too closely.

 

This influence was exercised over the murderess during the many days the pair have shared the same prison cell. The younger woman followed her companion around like a dog would stay at the heels of its master. Companions frequently remarked that Esther Mitchell looked like a subject under hypnotic spell. On these grounds, asserted by the attorneys for the girl, whose hands are stained with her brother’s blood, they will seek to secure her release from imprisonment or incarceration in an insane asylum.

 

They say that the girl is brighter and happier since her companion died.

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

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Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

***

The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

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Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

***

Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

***

1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

***

Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

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Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

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Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

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Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

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Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

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About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

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