Holy Rollers Button

Holy Rollers is now available as an eBook with lots of extras for a measly $4



Search edmundcreffield.com

Home    Chapters    Articles    Asylum Records    Brainwashing    Hymns    Contact

Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance


Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 10/1/1906 p2

Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

Religious Fanatic Is Killed by Neglect of Disciples of Her Faith.


(Journal Special Service.)


Whittier, Cal., Oct. 1-- Mrs. See, a member of the Holy Rollers congregation, who lay in an unconscious condition since last Sunday, while engaged in one of the Holy Roller fanatic meetings, died last night. Shortly after Mrs. See was discovered by members of her family she was surrounded by a number of Holy Roller disciples, who declared she was about to receive divine dispensation which would enable her to speak in unknown tongues. Not until her sister, Mrs. May, interfered was a physician called and he pronounced her dangerously ill.



Seattle Daily Times 10/2/1906 p1

Murder Epidemic as Result of ‘Insanity’ Folly Predicted by Times


“Emotional Insanity” has placed in jeopardy the life of another man in Seattle this morning. The price of human life has fallen so low that King County now seems to enjoy a perpetual bargain day. It is an old police adage that crime runs in sets of threes, but in the case of murders in this county it seems to be running by dozens, and the men who have to deal with them shake their heads and wonder what the end will be. The epidemic of murder predicted by The Times seems at hand.


George Mitchell killed “Joshua” Creffield last May, perhaps with as much justification as an unmarried man can have. His defense was insanity. He was acquitted.


Esther Mitchell killed her brother with a revolver purchased by Mrs. Creffield. A judge appointed a commission which declared the two women to be insane and ordered them taken to the boundary of the state where they must be released unless Oregon is willing to receive them and try them for their sanity.


Chester Thompson killed Judge G. Meade Emory in his own house because of a boyish infatuation. It has been repeatedly stated that the defense in his case will be insanity.




There has been much talk of these cases and especially of the methods employed in the defense which are practically new to this community. The result has been an insidious planting of the impression in weaker minds that murder may be committed with immunity. Chester Thompson had read the accounts of the George Mitchell trial and had talked of it. It is not probable that he expected to be hanged when he ran into Judge Emory’s home with a revolver in his hand. In fact, he called for his father to protect him from being lynched, which is probably only a trifle more painful than legal execution.


It is more than probable that when William Constantine Shot his son--law this morning, he had in view the insanity plea and liberty after a few weeks of fancied martyrdom. It is practically certain that in the mind of this man this idea had found lodgement.


Men sometimes commit murder in the sudden heat of passion without thought of what the consequences may be, but the law rates such crimes lower than the deeds of those who deliberately go about taking the lives of their chosen victims. It is not probable that any man or woman will deliberately kill another with the certainty of death by hanging as the penalty. Scarcely any grievance is great enough to demand redress at such a cost. Yet these four crimes have all been committed with the utmost deliberation. The law terms them murders in the first degree and prescribes hanging as the penalty. did any one of these expect to hang?




It would seem that the impression has been allowed to go abroad that hanging has gone out of fashion and that the worst thing a murderer has to fear is a few months or a year in the insane asylum to recover his sanity.


It cannot be said that the prosecuting attorney’s office is responsible for the existence of this impression. Mr. Mackintosh and Mr. Miller have worked day and night, determinedly and aggressively. They have worked with the firm belief that these prisoners were guilty of cowardly, cold-blooded murder, that likely they were sane and that life imprisonment would be a merciful punishment for them.


In the Mitchell case they failed, as they knew in their hearts they would, because in that defense there was introduced a class of evidence which would impress the minds of any twelve men who would be accepted by attorneys for a defense.


In the case of the two women, they have now been forced to fight for the very right to try them for their crime and to appeal to the Supreme Court for the very privilege of presenting the evidence against them for judgment.


In the Thompson case, they have been met with vexatious delays and will probably find it necessary to take the case to some other county for trial.




Aside from these four unusual cases, there has been a flood of simpler homicides. There was the murder of little Elsie Milhuff, near Reston--a mystery which has never been solved. There was the Corcoran shooting which was settled practically out of court yesterday. There was the shooting by a trap gun of Mrs. Dailey, for which Julius Marfaudilli will be placed on trial next week. Two men were killed on board ships in the harbor. One case resulted in an acquittal, the other in a penitentiary sentence. Both of these were crimes committed in the progress of fights. And there have been other shooting affairs of a minor nature.


Even the number of these ordinary crimes is remarkable, but when capped with the quartet of unusual homicides it becomes stupendous. What is the cause of it, is asked. Is there not some psychological reason underlying it?




The courts have been lenient. The plea of insanity has not only been toward (rest of the article cut off.)



Corvallis Times 10/19/1906 p3


-- A week from tomorrow, in Seattle, occurs the hearing of the case in which the proposed deportation of Esther Mitchell and Maud Hurt Creffield is involved. The women were ordered by the superior court of Seattle to be released from jail and be sent to Oregon. The action was taken after a sanity hearing had pronounced both of them as affected with a species of insanity. After Judge Frater had ordered them deported the district attorney carried the matter to the Supreme Court, where a stay of proceedings was ordered and Judge Frater cited to appear and show why he appointed an insanity commission and why he had ordered the women deported. Several big legal firms will participate in the proceedings. It is the guess generally that the action of Judge Frater will be sustained, and that the women will be sent to Oregon.




Seattle Post Intelligencer 10/21/1906 p5

Monday Was Time For Creffield

Daily Life of Woman Without Religious Demonstration of Any Kind


Corvallis Times Fri 10/26/1906 p1


Had it not been for the appointment of an insanity commission to investigate the mental condition of Maud Creffield and Esther Mitchell, the older woman would have been tomorrow called into court to answer to a charge of murder. As is it, on October 26, Judge Frater and the defendants’ attorneys will appear in the Supreme Court to uphold their positions and the legality of the action of the commission in regard to Mrs. Creffield and Esther Mitchell, at whose hands George Mitchell was killed.


After the examination of the women had been made and the report filed to the effect that they were insane, Prosecuting Attorney Mackintosh stated that he would ask the Supreme Court to declare the action illegal on the ground that the commission was not properly conducted, and on other grounds. The matter is set for hearing in the Supreme Court this week. The attorneys for the state, as well as those for the defense are satisfied that their positions are right. Until the settlement of the controversy in the higher court, no action will be taken towards the trial of the women, as Judge Frater has ordered the cases stricken from the calendar. Should the commission be upheld, the women will be sent to Oregon, where they hold residence. If the state’s attorney is upheld in his contention, they may be tried or another commission may be appointed to examine into their sanity.


The daily life of the two women in the county jail is very ordinary. They are neat and clean and spend considerable of their time in caring for the two dingy cells which they have called their homes for so many weeks. They spend much time reading, and often devote some hours to playing cards with the other women prisoners in the women’s ward. Since their incarceration the jailers declare no evidence of any religious exercises participated in by the women confined in the jail, assert that they are never bothered by religious talks or lectures.


Aside from the physical condition of the two prisoners, there is little or no change in their bearing. They appear to be just as they have said they are, perfectly satisfied with what they have done and unmindful of the future. They refuse to discuss their cases and receive little company except an occasional visit from their attorneys. If visitors make application for admission to their apartments they are given a welcome which is neither cold nor cordial and sympathy or kindness are not well received. Gifts are welcome and deeds more than words are appreciated.



Corvallis Times 10/23/1906 p3


-- The Seattle judge who ordered Esther Mitchell and Maud Creffield deported to Oregon, and whose order to that effect was countermanded by the Supreme Court of the state of Washington, has hired a lawyer to present his interests before the latter court. The matter comes up for hearing at Olympia Friday, and will be a legal battle with lots of big guns in it. One firm representing Esther Mitchell, another representing Maud Creffield, as well as the firm representing Judge Frater, will take part on one side of the case, while the district attorney’s office will do the fighting on the other side. The district attorney’s office holds that the women ought to be tried in Washington for the murder of Geo. Mitchell without the intervention of the sanity commission which pronounced them both insane and irresponsible for the murder of Miss Mitchell’s brother.



Corvallis Times 9/23/1906 p4


-- The house and residence property of O. V. Hurt was purchased Saturday by A. E. Wilkins. The property comprises a house and two acres of ground and is desirable. Possession is not to be given until later on.



Seattle Post Intelligencer 10/26/1906 p13

Insanity Matter In Supreme Court

May Be Referred Back for Decision on Statement of Facts.


The attorneys interested in the case of Maud Creffield and Esther Mitchell will appear in the Supreme Court today to argue for a decision as to the legality of the action of the commission which declared the two women insane. Deputy Prosecuting Attorney F. Miller said yesterday that no agreed statement of facts has been signed by the contestants and no stipulation made, and for this reason holds that it is very probable the case will be referred back to the lower court for a decision as to the facts in the matter.


“I am bound that those women shall be tried for murder if there is any law on earth that will permit it,” said Mr. Miller yesterday. “If the Supreme Court refuses the petition made by the state to set aside the findings of the insanity commission I will institute new proceedings just as soon as I can find a stenographer to make the necessary notes.”


the matter went to the Supreme Court on petition made by the state’s attorney asking that the findings of the insanity commission be set aside and declared irregular. The reasons given for the action desired were many and included statements to the effect that since the investigation was not conducted in the presence of the court it was not legal; that the attorneys for the prosecution or defense of the women were allowed no hand in the proceedings; that the board acted arbitrarily and that the entire proceedings were irregular and illegal.


After the women were arrested for the murder of George Mitchell, a brother of Esther Mitchell, and the dates for their trials had been set, attorneys for the defense asked for the appointment of a commission to examine into the sanity of the prisoners. This was granted by the court and the examination was conducted with the result that the women were found insane.


It was anticipated that if such a finding resulted the court would order the women sent to Oregon, where they hold legal residence, and to prevent this the state’s attorney secured an order restraining the court from taking this action until the petition filed could be heard. When the prosecutor stated that he intended to file such a petition, Judge Frater declared he would give the state plenty of time to take action.


The point at issue is a new one and should it be decided that all examinations made by insanity commissions must be made in the presence of the court, a new precedent will be established. At this time it is the custom to conduct many of these examinations in the jailer’s quarters in the county jail in such cases the findings of the commission are presented to the court for his signature.



Seattle Post Intelligencer 10/27/1906 p8

Creffield-Mitchell Case is Submitted

Supreme Court Assigns a Justice to Write and Opinion


Special to the Post-Intelligencer.


OLYMPIA, Oct. 26.-- The constitutionality of the law of 1905 providing for the deportation of nonresident insane promises to be one of the chief points considered by the Supreme Court in reaching a decision on the application for a writ of prohibition directed against Superior Judge Frater to prevent further action looking to the deportation of Mrs. Maud Creffield and Esther Mitchell as the next step following the insanity proceedings against them. Arguments on the writ were heard by the Supreme Court today. At the conclusion of the hearing the court retired for consultation and the case was assigned for a written opinion by one of the justices.


Before the attorneys left the city, notice was served upon them by the clerk of the court that the court desired briefs from both parties on the constitutionality of Chapter 138, laws of 1905, which provides for the deportation to the state or place where they belong of persons found insane in this state.




Deputy Prosecuting Attorney John F. Miller appeared in support of the application for the writ, while George H. Walker appeared for the relater, having been requested to do so by Judge Frater. William A. Holzheimer, attorney for the women, was also present.


The arguments of Mr. Miller were based on his contention that the court in appointing a commission to take the testimony and pass upon the insanity of the two women, delegated a judicial function which, under the constitution, he could not do. Although the practice has been followed throughout the state, the point raised is a new one and Mr. Miller presented authorities and largely confined his argument to this feature of the case.


A motion to quash the writ was made by Mr. Walker on the ground that the application was instituted by petition instead of an affidavit. He also moved to strike from the files two affidavits of physicians attending the women, which affidavits were filed after the proceedings were begun. He also interposed a demurrer.




In his opening argument Mr. Miller contended that Judge Frater was without jurisdiction or in excess of his jurisdiction, as the statute under which the insanity proceedings were brought specifies that the affidavit must contain the statement that the person charged with insanity is “unsafe to be at large.” The Creffield women being in custody, that blank in the form of the affidavit had been marked out.


The arguments were begun at 11:30 and continued over the noon hour, being finished shortly after 2 o’clock.



Corvallis Gazette 11/6/1906 p3

-- Mrs. Warren Hartley of Cottage Grove left yesterday for home after a few days visit with Corvallis relatives.

Holy Rollers

Buy Holy Rollers: Murder & Madness in Oregon's Love Cult as an eBook for a measly $3.99 or get an autographed paperback for $15.

Holy Rollers is a story that has everything a good read should have: sex, religious fervor, mass insanity, the downfall of prominent families, murder and sensational court trials.

And it's all true.

John Terry, the Oregonian's 'Oregon's Trails' columnist says of the book: "A dandy piece of research and a good read. Lots more stuff than I was aware of. It deserves an audience"













Holy Rollers Paper Back

Get an autographed paperback for $16.95 (that includes postage and handling for U.S. addresses)

Want to write a check instead of using a credit card? I'm trusting. e-mail that you want the book and I'll send you a copy. You don't send a check until you get the book with an invoice.

Theresa (T-) McCracken, 890 North Bayview, Loop Waldport, Oregon 97394 (541) 563-3112


Home    Chapters    Articles    Asylum Records    Brainwashing    Hymns    Contact

Top of Page

FBI Anti Piracy SealThe unauthorized reproduction or distribution of a copyrighted work is illegal. Criminal copyright infringement, including infringement without monetary gain, is investigated by the FBI and is punishable by fines and federal imprisonment.


Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles


Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult


The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers


Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers


Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews


1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913


Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover


Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers


Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated


Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults


Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers


About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

email logo

Snail Mail
Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

(541) 563-3112


copyright by
Theresa (T-) McCracken