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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses


Esther MitchellOregon Daily Journal (Portland) 7/20/1906 p12

Attorney Morris Offers Aid

Seattle Lawyer Informs Father of Mrs. Creffield That He Will Defend Woman.

Mysterious Telegram Received At Corvallis.

On Day of Murder of George Mitchell Message Signed Frank Hurt Imparted News but Young Man Denies Authorship.


(Special Dispatch to The Journal)


Corvallis, Or., July 20.-- Will H. Morris of Seattle will defend Mrs. Maud-Hurt Creffield in her trial for complicity in the murder of George H. Mitchell, unless he can secure the services of some lawyer entirely satisfactory to himself.


Such is the purport of a very courteous letter received yesterday noon by O. V. Hurt from Attorney Morris. Mr. Hurt is highly pleased over the intelligence and shows his gratification in a brighter case of countenance than he has worn for some days. He has nothing but the most enthusiastic words of praise for the Seattle officials and attorneys with whom he has had dealings.


“Those fellows have treated me splendidly,” he said today with deep feeling, “and I certainly appreciate their deep kindness.”


Mr. Hurt expresses his belief that both women will be sent to the asylum, as he is certain they are mentally deranged. He says that in spite of the fact that Mrs. Creffield thought he was against her when he came to Seattle to testify in behalf of George Mitchell and accused him of being so, she still clings to him as her only friend and refuses to write to or have anything whatever to do with her mother or sister in this city.


Mr. Hurt says that Maud always was a very peculiar girl and hard to understand long before the days of Creffieldism. He states that he has always been open and frank with her and that he told her when he went to testify for Mitchell that he was not going against her, but was doing it for her good, as she would live to acknowledge.


Esther Mitchell, too, defers to and depends upon his judgment in her hour of difficulty, despite the fact that she shot down the very brother whom Mr. Hurt’s evidence is admitted to have cleared.


Frank Hurt arrived home today and expresses a desire to secure employment and remain here. His wife and child have been here ever since the Creffield camp at Waldport was broken up and the few faithful followers brought to Corvallis by a farmer of that vicinity.


In the coming home of Frank a peculiar fact has been brought out. On the evening that George Mitchell was shot, L. T. Sandell sent a telegram to Mr. Hurt giving the news. Shortly afterward as second dispatch came to Mr. Hurt from Seattle signed “Frank Hurt.” In conversation today Frank Hurt stated that he had never sent a dispatch at all; that he was working in Victoria at the time and did not even learn of the shooting until the following day. It is a puzzle to both Mr. Hurt and his son today as to who used Frank Hurt’s name and what the motive was in the act.





Corvallis Times 7/20/1906 p1

May Come to Oregon

Seattle Officials Talk Of Shirking Trial Of Holy Rollers.

Statue Permits It--Insane Persons Residents of Other States May Be Sent Home--Alienists Are at Work on Slayers.


Corvallis Gazette 7/20/1906 p1

About the Trial

Seattle May Send Esther Mitchell and Maud Creffield Home.


Seattle, Wash., July 18.-- Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Maud Creffield may be removed to their Oregon Homes, instead of being tired for murder here, despite the direct information on a murder charge filed here today. This is a proposition which has been discussed at some length by, and has met with some favor from influential members of the King county bar. One object gained by turning over to Oregon her own citizens, say court officials who have suggested the matter, would be that King county would, at very little cost, rid itself of an expense bill of about $5,000. Mrs. Creffield’s home, they claim, is at Corvallis; Esther Mitchell’s in Newberg, Or., or Portland. A Washington law provides that non-resident insane persons may be taken to their home state. It reads:

Whenever any person shall be found by the superior court in any county to be insane, and such person has no legal residence within this state, such person shall be sent, at the expense of the state, to the place where such person belongs in every case where such place of residence can be ascertained. And it shall be the duty of the superior court at the time of the inquest to ascertain the place where such person belongs, when the same can be conveniently done. The sheriff of the county shall convey such person to the place where he belongs.


The trial of George Mitchell, it is estimated, cost King County about $25,000 (sic). As many Oregon Witness would probably be required in the case of the women as in that of the young man against whose life they plotted. The women have the right to be tried separately, thus costing the state twice as much as did Mitchell. Should an insanity commission find the women insane and the court sent them to Oregon, the Oregon officials who were so outspoken in their opinions of the trial of George Mitchell, claim local court officials, would then have a chance to handle the case themselves. Probably Esther and Mrs. Creffield would be sent to the Hospital for the insane at Salem. On the other hand, if alienist experts should find the prisoners sane, their record would be admissible at the murder trial here.


Even now insanity experts are holding an inquiry into the mental condition of the prisoners. Much will depend on their report. The information to be filed this afternoon names 17 witnesses for the state, including local police officers, newspaper reporters, physicians, and Perry and Fred Mitchell, Fred Dickmen and Lewis Sandell.



Corvallis Gazette 7/20/1906 p2


Few men have passed through more sorrowful experiences than O. V. Hurt of this city. Commenting on Mr. Hurt and his troubles, and the manner in which he has met them, the Oregonian of Tuesday in and editorial says:

Any dissatisfied and unhappy citizen who thinks that he has a rough time in his daily life, and that the world doesn’t treat him well, should pause long enough to consider the case of Mr. O. V. Hurt, of Corvallis. It is not necessary to enter into details as to the recent history of the Hurt family, for everyone knows it; and everyone feels that few men have deserved more and got less from the hands of fortune and providence, than Mr. Hurt. Yet he has complained not at all, but has met each new vicissitude with remarkable fortitude and rare devotion to his high conception of his duty. The members of his family have thought little of Mr. Hurt, but they have received much from him--far more than many another husband and father in like circumstances could or would have given. Now he is going to see that his misguided daughter, who abandoned and reviled him, has proper legal defense in her trial at Seattle. It is a fine thing for him to do--just as his entire conduct throughout his terrible trouble, or series of troubles, has been something really beautiful and noble.



Corvallis Gazette 7/20/1906 p1

Murder the Charge

Against Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Maud Creffield.


Murder in the first degree is the charge that hangs over Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Maud Creffield in the court of King County, Washington.


While O. V. Hurt has offered to mortgage his home in this city for $500 in order to defend his daughter at the proper time, she declares that he shall not spend his money for that purpose and both she and Esther Mitchell affirm that they will not allow any plea of insanity to be entered for them.


An Oregonian dispatch from Seattle, Wednesday had the following to say:


Attorney Speckert today received a telegram from Judge Upton, of Walla Walla, to the effect that the latter could not possible assist in the defense of Esther Mitchell. Upton created a sensation by the following message sent the night that Esther Mitchell shot down her brother George:

Wall Wall, Wash., July 12, 1906.-- Miss Esther Mitchell, County Jail, Seattle, Wash.--Accept thanks, congratulations and assistance if needed. Talk to your lawyer only.

“William H. Upton.”


Attorney Will H. Morris this morning wrote a long letter to O. V. Hurt, Mrs. Creffield’s father advising him that he could not defend the two women, owing to urgent business. Morris stated that the defense of the two women would probably be placed in the hands of a young attorney in this city, at the request of Hurt.


Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Creffield were jointly charged with murder in the first degree today by information filed direct in the Superior Court. John F. Miller, assistant prosecuting attorney, stated that the trial of the two women would probably be concluded before Chester Thompson is brought to trial.


The prisoners are being examined daily by Dr. J. B. Loughary, who calls in one or more consulting physicians to act as advisers in an effort to determine the mental condition of the women who are responsible for the death of George Mitchell. These examinations are being made at the request of Prosecuting Attorney Mackintosh, and the reports made by the physicians are being kept a secret. It is said, however, by Mackintosh that no complete report has been made so far, and it is probable that the examinations will be kept up for some little time.


The women so conduct themselves as to make the determination of their mental condition very baffling.



Oregon City Enterprise 7/20/1906

Will Sacrifice His Home


In all the dirty mess and muss of the Holy Rollers, killing of Creffield, trial of Mitchell and finally the killing of Mitchell by his sister Esther, the conduct of one person has shown out like a beacon in a storm. O. V. Hurt of Corvallis, the father of Mrs. Creffield, has been an example of a true man who has remained true and manly under the worst load of trouble conceivable.


His home was broken up by the infamous Creffield, his daughter has reviled him, but now when her need is greatest, when she has hardly a friend, he offers to sacrifice his little home at Corvallis to provide money for her defense.


He despised Creffield and fought against his infamous doctrines and influence; his testimony went farthest toward clearing Mitchell; he knows his daughter was an accomplice to Mitchell’s murder, but sees the great heart of the man in writing to Mrs. Creffield’s attorneys:

I am greatly upset by the shock,” states the letter, but there is nothing in vies of the circumstances that I can do but offer assistance to my deluded daughter. My little home here will only bring about $500 on a mortgage, but I am willing to sacrifice it for my daughter’s sake. If the two women are tried together, I am willing to back both of them.


The following just tribute to Mr. Hurt appeared editorially in the Oregonian:

Any dissatisfied and unhappy citizen who thinks that he has a rough time in his daily life, and that the world doesn’t treat him well, should pause long enough to consider the case of Mr. O. V. Hurt, of Corvallis. It is not necessary to enter into details as to the recent history of the Hurt family, for everyone knows it; and everyone feels that few men have deserved more and got less from the hands of fortune and providence, than Mr. Hurt. Yet he has complained not at all, but has met each new vicissitude with remarkable fortitude and rare devotion to his high conception of his duty. The members of his family have thought little of Mr. Hurt, but they have received much from him--far more than many another husband and father in like circumstances could or would have given. Now he is going to see that his misguided daughter, who abandoned and reviled him, has proper legal defense in her trial at Seattle. It is a fine thing for him to do--just as his entire conduct throughout his terrible trouble, or series of troubles, has been something really beautiful and noble.



Corvallis Times 7/20/1906 p3

Perry Mitchell

He was in Corvallis--Plans that his sister’s Revolver Disarranged.


Perry Mitchell, brother of the slayer of Creffield was a Corvallis visitor Wednesday. He came in on the Westside from Newberg at noon and left for Portland on the 6:30 C & E yesterday morning. His errand in town was to consult with O. V. Hurt. He was by the side of George Mitchell at the Seattle depot when the latter was shot down by Esther Mitchell. He says that what makes the affair the more terrible is that both Esther and George Mitchell were favorites in the Mitchell family. Both were extremely beloved by all other members of the family.


In appearance Perry Mitchell so much resembles his dead brother that he was recognized on the street by strangers as likely to be a Mitchell from pictures of George published in the newspapers recently. He is of medium height, rather slight build, with brown hair, and a smoothly shaven pleasant face. He is 21 years of age. He expects to be a witness at the trial of his sister, but does not want her convicted. At the time of the shooting, he was almost prostrated with grief, and signs of sadness were plainly visible on his face when in Corvallis. He became for a time in a measure embittered toward his sister, but according to all accounts it has largely passed away, and though likely to be called as a witness for the prosecution, he will only be in the witness box against his will and as far as he can, will shield his sister. He went from Corvallis to Portland, where he expects to obtain employment. He was to have worked at the same establishment side by side with his brother, George, who was to assist him in learning the business, but the sister’s revolver at the Seattle depot disarranged that plan.



Corvallis Times 7/20/1906


-- Mrs. James Berry and child went to Salem yesterday morning.


-- Frank Hurt arrived yesterday from Seattle, and is seeking employment.



Corvallis Gazette 7/20/1906 p2


--Frank Hurt arrived yesterday from Seattle and will remain in Corvallis


-- A letter received yesterday afternoon by O. V. Hurt from Attorney Will H. Morris, of Seattle, stated that the latter has decided to take up the defense of Maud Hurt Creffield, in spite of published reports to the contrary.



Oregon City Enterprise 7/20/1906 p5

Esther Mitchell Worked Here


Esther Mitchell, who murdered her brother at Seattle, worked for a number of months at the woolen mills in this city before she rejoined the Holy Roller colony in Waldport, Lincoln County, following the release of Creffield from the state penitentiary. The girl was employed in the tailoring department and is said to have been quite reserved in manner and industrious. She left her place at the mills one noon and never returned. She afterwards wrote from Waldport, asking that a check covering what wages that were due her be sent to her at that place.



Seattle Post Intelligencer 7/20/1906 p5

To Arraign Esther Mitchell Monday


It is probable that Esther Mitchell and Mrs. Maud Creffield will be arraigned before Judge A. W. Frater on the charge of murder in the first degree Monday morning. Prosecuting Attorney Kenneth Mackintosh stated yesterday that he would bring the prisoners into court as soon as possible and Judge Frater has announced that he will hold court on that date.


The women have stated they will plead not guilty. The women will elect to be tried separately.



Daily Oregon Statesman (Salem) 7/20/1906 p2


--The Corvallis Times says the name of Creffield will be found up towards the head of the list of the damned in the next world.--Albany Democrat. This is taking an unfair advantage of Creffield, who is dead and can’t reply.


--Will Purdy of Newberg makes a statement regarding the Mitchell case which cannot be gain said. If Mitchell was insane, then so is his sister, or if his act was justifiable, so was hers. If he had not committed murder, neither would the girl have committed murder. If the jury had done its duty by Mitchell, the girl would not have murdered him. In truth in neither case does there seem to be absolute justification apparent.


--Mrs. Creffield now admits that Holy Rollerism is dead. Pity she did not find it out sooner.





Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 7/20/1906 p1

To Sacrifice Oldest Child

Holy Rollers at Monrovia Preparing to Cleanse by Fire Using Offspring as Paschal Lambs of Slaughter.

(Journal Special Service)


Seattle Daily Times 7/22/1906 p11

Holy Rollers in California

Sacrifice by Fire Is the Latest Symptom of Fanaticism Which Has Manifested Itself In the Town of Monrovia.

Repeated Rumors Arise That Children Will Be Thus Disposed of Unless Authorities Put a Stop to It.

(Special by The Times Private Pacific Coast Leased Wire.)


Los Angeles, July 20.-- Sacrifice by fire is the latest symptom of fanaticism , of which the Holy Rollers have given evidence. Immolation of the oldest children is the program, unless the authorities interfere. This extreme manifestation of religious frenzy has aroused the little town of Monrovia to a degree that Marshal Miller has made it his business to attend the meetings of the sect every afternoon and evening, not knowing in what form the frenzy will break out next.


Neighborhood gossip has stirred the townspeople because of the rumors that the eldest children of certain families of the faithful are being segregated to go through an ordeal of purity later to be Paschal lambs of slaughter.


A wave of Holy Rollerism has swept along the Pacific Coast, but it remained for Monrovia to reach the radical stage. Two of the best-known adherents of the faith are known to have kept their oldest children locked up at the home for some time, and out of this has grown the story that a sacrifice of children will happen if the authorities do not stop the fanatic element.


Last night the sermon of Evangelist Cook advocated self-immolation by fire. He said that it was a Christian’s noblest fate to die by fire, to make himself a living sacrifice to God.

Holy Rollers

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles


Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult


The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers


Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers


Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews


1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913


Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover


Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers


Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated


Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults


Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers


About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

(541) 563-3112


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