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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

 

Phoebe MitchellSeattle Daily Times 6/19/1906 p5

Many Witnesses For Mitchell

Attorney Will H. Morris Secures Superior Court Order for Thirty Prominent Oregonians to Attend Trial. Men and Women Who Have Felt Blight of Creffield’s Teachings Will Tell of Holy Roller Doings on Stand.

 

At the request of Attorney Will H. Morris, of the law firm of Morris, Southard & Shipley, attorneys for George Mitchell, slayer of Joshua Creffield, whose case will be drawn for trial on June 25, Superior Judge Frater this morning signed an order giving permission to serve subpoenas on thirty witnesses for the defense living in Oregon. As an indication of the court’s opinion as the probable length of the trial, is the fact that Judge Frater questioned the necessity of the witnesses being in court on June 26, the day on which Mr. Morris wants them to be ordered to attend.

 

Judge Frater gave as his opinion that at least three days and possibly longer would be required to obtain a jury, and stated that as the state would be required to pay these witnesses he did not want them here before they were actually needed. Mr. Morris replied that arrangements had been made with the greater number of his witnesses to remain in Oregon until summoned by telegraph in time for them to reach Seattle on the day when their presence would be required in court, but that there were five or six whom he wanted here on the date in question. On this understanding, Judge Frater signed the order.

 

MANY PROMINENT OREGONIANS

 

Among those who will testify on behalf of Mitchell are several prominent Oregonians. Many others have had dear experience concerning the results of Creffield’s presence in the state. On the list filed with the county clerk this morning is the name of John Manning, prosecuting attorney for Multnomah County; Dr. F. W. Brooks, one of the most prominent physicians in Portland; William T. Gardner, superintendent of the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society, at which institution Esther Mitchell, a sixteen-year-old sister of the defendant, was committed for a year as the result of Creffield’s influence, and Mary J. Graham, matron of the same institution.

 

William J. McMillan and Milt Beem, two men who drove Creffield from the beach at Waldport, where he had established a colony and later brought the misguided and starving victims back to their homes, are on the list, as is also Edwin H. Baldwin, who was only prevented from making Mitchell’s act unnecessary by the fact that the revolver with which he attempted to shoot Creffield missed fire (sic). Lewis Hartley, another witness, has had his family broken up by Creffield.

 

MITCHELL’S RELATIVES TO TESTIFY

 

Other witnesses will be Mitchell’s relatives and relatives of Mrs. Creffield, and mayors, peace officers and well known citizens of various places in Oregon, who have known the defendant from the time he was five years old, and who will testify to his good character and also to the provocation which led to his killing Creffield. In addition to the witnesses mentioned in the order secured today Mr. Morris states that some thirty additional witnesses will be subpoenaed before the trial is over.

 

Assistant Prosecuting Attorney John F. Miller left yesterday for Corvallis and other Oregon towns for the purpose of securing data and information to be used by the prosecution. He will be away for several days.

 

 

Seattle Star 6/22/1906  p1

Mitchell’s Brother Here For the Trial

Comes from Danville to Lend What Assistance He Can to the Slayer of Holy Roller Creffield.

 

Perry Mitchell, brother of George Mitchell, arrived in Seattle this morning from Danville, Ill, to be present when his brother is placed on trial Monday for the killing of Edmund Creffield, the Holy Roller leader.

 

Upon his arrival in the city at about 10 o’clock he almost immediately went to the courthouse and visited his brother. They talked for about an hour in the jailer’s office and then Perry made direct for the offices of his brother’s attorneys. He was seen at the court house by a reporter for the Star.

 

WILL HELP BROTHER

“I don’t want to say anything about this affair yet till I’ve seen the attorneys,” he said. “I’ve come all the way from Illinois to do what I can to help my brother, and it would be foolish to say something that would weaken our side. I was in Danville when I read in one of the papers that my brother had killed that cur, Creffield, and I left the town immediately for Seattle. I haven’t seen my sister, Esther, yet. I didn’t even know she was in town until this morning.

 

INTEREST GROWS

 

Interest in the case is increasing as the time for the trial approaches. The prosecuting attorney’s office has laid aside all other business in the preparation of the prosecution, and the same thing can be said regarding the preparation for the defense.

 

Mr. Shipley says that he receives letters every day from prominent people in Portland offering their services as witnesses or in any other way they can be of help to the defense.

 

 

Corvallis Times 6/22/1906 p2

Begins Monday

Trial of George Mitchell--Corvallis Witnesses Leave for Seattle Tomorrow.

 

Several Corvallisites leave tomorrow and next day for Seattle to be witnesses in the trial of George Mitchell, the slayer of Creffield. The trial is set for Monday morning, and promises to be a memorable legal battle. The subpoenaing of the Corvallis witnesses was done by Sheriff Burnett yesterday. On the list is O. V. Hurt, Miss May Hurt, Mrs. B. E. Starr, E. H. Baldwin, E. R. Bryson, Sheriff Burnett and Lewis Hartley. Others who will appear as witnesses are B. E. Starr, District Attorney Manning, and the superintendent and other attaches of the Boys’ and Girls’ home of Portland. These witnesses are 29 in number, all being for the defense. For the prosecution, but one witness will be summoned, to wit, Maud Hurt, who has been held ever since the shooting by the Seattle authorities to give testimony. Mr. Bryson and Mr. Burnett will not go unless wired for.

 

Lawyers for both the prosecution and defense have been in Corvallis to gather evidence. Mr. Morris the most renowned criminal lawyers perhaps in Washington was here several weeks ago, familiarizing himself with the circumstances incident to Creffield’s career, and selecting matter for defending young Mitchell. Tuesday, Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Miller of Seattle, was in Corvallis on a similar errand in behalf of the prosecution. He was but half a day in town, and is understood to have found little here to encourage his side of the case. He said in private that everybody he met in Corvallis was prompt to declare that Creffield ought to have been killed long before,” adding that he never saw such unanimity of sentiment.

 

The trial will attract a great deal of attention. The battle to save the life of Mitchell will be all that legal talent and human intelligence can muster. One of the lawyers for the defense is an Oregon boy, Silas Shipley, who is a graduate of Pacific University at Forest Grove, and is said to be one of the most effective advocated in the country.

 

Belief is pretty general that the jury will find justification for Mitchell’s act and that the boy will not be subjected to severe punishment. There are, in fact, many who anticipate an acquittal.

 

 

Seattle Star 6/19/1906 p1

Witnesses Called in Mitchell Case

Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations For Trial Which Will Be Heard Next Monday.

 

The last important step for the trial of George Mitchell, for the murder of Edmund Creffield on the streets of Seattle on May 7 last, were made today by the office of Prosecuting Attorney Mackintosh and by the attorneys for the defense, Morris, Southard & Shipley.

 

MILLER IS ABSENT

 

Chief Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Miller has been absent from the city since Sunday. Mr. Mackintosh and his deputies disclaim any knowledge of his whereabouts, but a telegram received from Corvallis this morning states that Mr. Miller is expected in that city some time today, where he will collect evidence for the prosecution.

 

This morning Mr. Morris appeared before Judge Frater and asked that certain witnesses for the defense be subpoenaed, the order being issued. The wittiness are:

O. V. Hurt, Mitchell’s brother-in-law,; John Catlin, Lewis Hartley, Phoebe Vander Kellen, Mrs. Hager, Milt Beam, Charles Shires, Alpheus Mills, Edwin H. Baldwin, George Van Drant, John Baldwin, William T. Gardner, Dr. F. W. Brooks, Peter View, William J. McMillan, Fred Mitchell, George’s brother; James K. Berry, Burgess E. Starr, Mitchell’s brother-in-law,; Emory P. Harris, Mary J. Graham, John Manning, J. J. Woods, Henry R. Morris, E. R. Bryson, M. P. Burnett, Mrs. Hager, Mr. Grover and Mrs. Burgess E. Starr and May Hurt, Mitchell’s sisters.

 

Corvallis Gazette 6/19/1906 p2

Additional Local

 

The following amounts have been handed the Gazette for the aid of George H. Mitchell, whose trial begins in Seattle the 25th; Ernest Fischer, 50¢; John Calverley, 50¢; C. A. Bohannon, $5.00; A. E. Mallow, 50 cents.

 

 

Seattle Post Intelligencer 6/23/1906 p9

Coming In Defense of Geo. H. Mitchell

Witnesses Will Leave Corvallis Today to Appear at Seattle Murder Trial.

 

Special to the Post-Intelligencer.

CORVALLIS, June 23.--O. V. Hurt, E. D. Baldwin and J. K. Berry will leave tomorrow morning for Seattle as witnesses George H. Mitchell, charged with the murder of Franz Edmund Creffield.

 

Subpoenas have been received for fifty witnesses here, including Sheriff Burnett, Attorney Bryson, Miss Mae Hurt, Lewis Hartley, Mrs. Burgess Starr and others. It is probable the sheriff and Attorney Bryson may go the first of the week.

Mrs. Burgess Starr today signified her intention to go to her home in Portland tomorrow. She will not go to Seattle.

 

Seattle Post Intelligencer 6/23/1906 p9

Attorneys Ready For Mitchell Trial

 

Both Prosecuting Attorney Kenneth Mackintosh and Morris, Southard & Shipley, attorneys for the defense, state they are ready for the trial of George Mitchell, accused of the murder of J. Creffield, which is to begin next Monday. Deputy Prosecuting Attorney John R. Miller is in Oregon, looking up features of the case, but is stated that most, if not all the state’s evidence will be Seattle people.

 

“The great fight will be,” said Attorney S. M. Shipley, yesterday “in securing the admission of testimony of our witnesses regarding the doings of Creffield in Oregon. We expect, however, by the time the case goes to the jury, that the jury men will be pretty well informed as to the facts of the case. The trial will, I think, last some weeks. We have our witnesses ready to come whenever summoned by telegraph, but there will be many difficulties encountered. It will probably require at least three days to select the jury, so difficult will it be to find anyone who is not acquainted with the case, or who has not formed an opinion on it.”

 

A brother of Mitchell arrived from Illinois yesterday. He is the man who took Esther Mitchell East after she was declared to have been rendered insane by the preachings of Creffield.

 

 

Seattle Star 6/23/1906 p1

Will Testify For Mitchell

Witnesses From Oregon Will Arrive in Seattle Tomorrow--Case is Ready for Monday Morning,

 

Several important witnesses in the trial of George Mitchell for the murder of Franz Edmund Creffield are expected to arrive in Seattle tomorrow from Oregon. These people are relatives of Mitchell and one or two are business men. In a letter received by Morris & Shipley last night the following names are mentioned as among those who are expected: O. V. Hurt, B. H. Baldwin, J. K. Berry and Burgess E. Starr.

It is not known yet whether Mrs. Starr will be at the trial or not.

 

Practically all the preparations have been made by both sides for the hearing of the case Monday morning.

 

 

Evening Telegram (Portland) Sat 6/23/1906 p4

Mitchell Trial is Absorbing Topic

Corvallis Taking Much Interest in Coming Fate of Creffield’s Slayer.

 

[Telegram Coast Special]

CORVALLIS, Or., June 23.--Great interest is being taken in the Mitchell trial, which is set for June 25 at Seattle. Attorney Will Morris, for the defense, and Deputy Prosecuting Attorney John Miller have both visited Corvallis in search of evidence for their respective sides of the case. So far as known, the prosecution has not summoned any witnesses from this section. For the defense the following subpoenas have been issued: J. K. Berry, Mae Hurt, O. V. Hurt, Lewis Hartley, E. R. Bryson, M. P. Burnett, Ed Baldwin, John Baldwin, Ed Glover, of Corvallis; John Manning, Prosecuting Attorney, Multnomah County, W. T. Gardner, Superintendent Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society; Mary J. Graham, matron Boys’ and Girls’ Society; J. J. Wood, attorney; Burgess Starr, Mrs. Burgess Starr and Phoebe Vanderkelen, sisters of Mitchell; Fred Mitchell, a brother; Mrs. Hager, Dr. F. W. Brooks, Peter View, Emery P.Harris, Henry R. Morris, of Portland; Charles Shires and Alpheus Mills, Mayor and Marshall of Newberg, Milt Beem, Tidewater; John Catlin and George Van Drant, Albany; William J. McMillan, Waldport. Among those from Corvallis, E. R. Bryson is Prosecuting Attorney of Benton County, and M. P. Burnett, Sheriff.

 

 

Morning Oregonian (Portland) 6/23/1906 p6

Witnesses From Corvallis

Many Subpoenaed to Attend George Mitchell’s Trial at Seattle.

 

CORVALLIS, Or., June 22.--(Special.)-- Witnesses are being subpoenaed here for the trial of George Mitchell, slayer of Creffield, to begin in the Seattle courts Monday. among those to go from here are (the usual list.) Lawyers for both the prosecution and defense have been in the Corvallis, gathering testimony. Will H. Morris, senior counsel for the defense, was here for several days weeks ago, and Assistant Prosecuting Attorney, John F. Miller, of King County, left here Wednesday morning after a stay of a day.

Mr. Morris is understood to have found much evidence of value to his case, but the common opinion is that the prosecution’s representative found only a strong and universal sentiment justifying Mitchell’s act and a united hope that the Washington jury may get a full conception of his provocation.

 

Some of the witnesses will leave for Seattle tomorrow.

 

 

Evening Telegram (Portland) 6/23/1906 p5

All Ready For Mitchell Trial

Defense Prepared to Wage Great Battle for Slayer of Creffield.

 

[Telegram Coast Special.]

SEATTLE, Wash., June 23.--Both Prosecuting Attorney Kenneth MacKintosh and Morris Southard and Shipley, attorneys for the defense, state they are ready for the trial of George Mitchell, accused of the murder of Joshua Creffield, which is to begin Monday. Deputy Prosecuting Attorney Miller is in Oregon looking up features of the case, but it is stated that most, if not all the state’s evidence, will be Seattle people.

 

“A great fight will be waged.” said Attorney Shipley, “in securing the admission of testimony of our witnesses regarding the doings of Creffield in Oregon. We expect, however, by the time the case goes to the jury, that the jury men will be pretty well informed as to the facts of the case. We have our witnesses ready to come whenever summoned by telegraph, but there will be many difficulties encountered. It will probably require at least three days to select a jury, so difficult will it be to find any one who is not acquainted with the case, or who has not formed and opinion on it.”


A brother of Mitchell arrived from Illinois yesterday. He is the man who took Esther Mitchell East after she is declared to have been rendered insane by the preachings of Creffield.

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899: Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900: Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901: Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902: Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903: Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903: Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904:“Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray & Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904: The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904: Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906: Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906: Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906: Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine, Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

 

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Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

***

The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

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Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

***

Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

***

1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

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Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

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Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

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Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

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Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

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Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

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About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

(541) 563-3112

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Theresa (T-) McCracken