Holy Rollers Button

Holy Rollers is now available as an eBook with lots of extras for a measly $4

Amazon.com

iTunes

Search edmundcreffield.com

Home    Chapters    Articles    Asylum Records    Brainwashing    Hymns    Contact

Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

 

Silas M. Shipley & Will H. MorrisSeattle Star 6/1/1906 p1

Creffield’s Influences

Will H. Morris Finds Terrible Condition of Affairs Caused By Holy Roller Leader.

 

Evidence which will have a vital bearing upon the trial of George Mitchell, who is to appear on June 25 charged with having shot and killed Edmund Creffield, self-styled “Joshua” and leader of the famous Holy Roller sect, has been obtained by Will H. Morris, of the firm of Morris, Southard, & Shipley, attorneys retained by the defense.

 

Mr. Morris returned this morning from a trip to Oregon, where he spent some time working in the vicinity of Corvallis, where the Holy Roller craze was originated and practiced by those who joined the religious fanatics camp.

 

“We propose during the trial to place before the jury and the public the truth regarding Creffield’s influences and the terrible effects thereof upon everyone brought within his baneful influence,” said Mr. Morris.

 

ALL UPHOLD MITCHELL

 

“For the first time in my experience I found unanimous public sentiment throughout every section of Oregon in which the Holy Roller doctrines of Creffield were taught and practiced, without dissent justifying the act of Mitchell in putting an end to the life of the wretch in human form who, for the gratification of his own selfish passions taught and induced the people to accept it as truths of the most horrible doctrines.

 

“Wives who were the mothers of children were made to believe that their husbands were defiled and impure, and that the family relationship should no longer be continued; that only Creffield and one or two of his select male followers were their spiritual affinities.

 

“Mothers with babes in their arms were separated from husbands, young girls and single women hardened against fathers and brothers, all as a result of the same false teachings.

 

MANY STILL BELIEVE

 

“I find that many are still believers in Creffield’s divinity; he had prepared them for his death in bodily form and taught them that he would guide their future steps through a spiritual form. One mother who deserted her home refuses to return until Creffields’ spirit shall so dictate. Two of the women who have clung to Creffield even after death and still refuse to doubt his divinity are two girls from East Seattle, whose respectability is known and well recognized by all who are acquainted with them in this city.

 

 

Seattle Daily Times 6/1/1906 p1

Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

Attorney Will H. Morris Returns From Visit to Oregon and Says Public Does Not Know Full Details.

 

That the half of the wrongs which prompted young George Mitchell to take the law into his own hands and rid the world of Joshua Creffield has not been told in the columns of the press of the Pacific Coast, is the opinion of Will H. Morris, attorney for the man who killed the fiend who had ruined his sisters. Mr. Morris returned this morning from a visit to various towns in Oregon, whither he had been in the interests of his client, and in an interview with a reporter for The Times said:

“At this time I desire to speak only in a general way of the results of my investigation and will not attempt to repeat in advance of the trial the facts in all their horrible details. We purpose during the trial to place before the court and the public the full truth regarding Creffield’s influence and its horrible effects upon everyone who came within his influence.

 

“For the first time in my experience I have found public sentiment throughout every section of Oregon in which the Holy Roller doctrines of Creffield were taught and practiced, justifying without dissent, the act of George Mitchell in putting an end to the life of the wretch who, for the gratification of his own selfish passions, taught and induced people to accept as truths his horrible doctrines.

 

“Briefly, wives who were the mothers of children from 16 to 26 years of age were made to believe that their husbands were defiled and impure and that the family relationship should no longer be continued, but only Creffield and one or two of his select male followers were the spiritual affinities of these deluded persons. Mothers with suckling babes in their arms separated from husbands young girls and single women hardened against fathers and brothers, all as a result of the same false teachings.”

 

“I met and talked with many of Creffield’s followers, including women and girls from Corvallis, Portland and Seattle, and other points, so of whom were discharged from the insane asylum only a short time before Creffield’s release from the penitentiary, and who subsequently have been approached by him and their former relations renewed. Among these latter are women who only recently returned from the beach near Waldport, where they had been left in a destitute and starving condition, waiting for Creffield to rise from his grave. One woman with a six months’ old babe in her arms was left there by her husband, while he, the last male follower of Creffield, influenced by his fanatical belief, had come to Seattle after the killing of Creffield. The present whereabouts of this man is unknown to his aged parents and helpless wife.

 

“I talked with many of the victims and found them to be respectable, modest and refined women and girls. From old neighbors, who had known them from childhood, I learned that prior to their coming in contact with Creffield and his pernicious teachings and blighting influence, all of these women and girls were from families of good reputation, respected by all who knew them, and that not a breath of reproach or a taint of suspicion had ever been directed toward their reputation for virtue and womanly conduct.

 

“I further found that those who had not broken away from Creffield prior to his conviction, particularly those who were with him near Waldport, are still devout believers in his divinity; that he had prepared them by his teachings to expect that he would some day be killed in body, but that his spiritual life could not be destroyed and that he would return and be with them guiding their future steps and counseling them in their future conduct.

 

“They believe all persons who have not accepted Creffield’s divinity to be defiled and out of the devil. They cling together, associate with no outsiders, refuse to return to their husbands, fathers and brothers, because the later are defiled and of the devil. One mother who secreted a seven month’s old babe, a beautiful little girl three years old and another of five years, and a loving husband, refuses to return to them and to her home until such time as Creffield reveals to her that he is willing for her to do so.

 

“Two of these women who have clung to Creffield even after his death and still refuse to doubt his divinity, are two girls from East Seattle, whose respectability is known and well recognized by all who know them in this city.

 

“It was the unanimous expression of all persons with whom I came in contact, including lawyers, doctors, ministers of the gospel, merchants, peace officers and public officials, that Mitchell’s act has relieved the whole Northwest of the most dangerous brute who ever existed in human form.

 

“Many of these persons stated that they recognized the law and respected its enforcement, but that this was one case in which no jury could be secured to render a verdict against Mitchell because his act was for the protection of humanity and was prompted by a necessity from as high a source as the law, namely, the preservation of human society.

 

“One very prominent minister of Corvallis called upon me in person at the hotel, invited me to his house and there told me that many of the people who had become followers of Creffield had previously been members of his church; that he knew them intimately and that no truer women in every respect existed, and that after Creffield had been committed to the penitentiary, some of these women again renewed their former church duties and were constant members and apparently cured of their false beliefs, showed repentance for their conduct and were received by the members of the congregation and treated in a sympathetic Christian manner. They continued in their new manner of living until Creffield’s release and until after he again succeeded in getting them under his influence.

 

“Some of these women were approached through subterfuges and communication was established with them in spite of the closest surveillance by their husbands, fathers and brothers.

 

“It is known that by reason of the public clamor and the persistent antagonism toward him and his teachings that Creffield at last decided to remove his flock to other fields where he would be relieved from the wholesome restraints of civilization and local law, going to some outlying point where he could practice his deviltry without fear of apprehension, taking these women--mothers, sisters, daughters and babes--with him.

 

“He then left and went to what he called the wilderness on the Pacific Coast, and there were several fathers and husbands in Oregon who found out his intended place of location and started after him. One father met him, drew a revolver and snapped it three times at him and the gun failed to go off.

 

“I don’t believe that I am exaggerating when I state that there were scores of men, any one of whom, if he had met Creffield would have killed him the same as he would have killed a mad dog.

 

“Creffield knew this and hence his desire to remove to other scenes, taking these deluded women with him.

 

“You may say that not one-half of the awful truth concerning Creffield and his Holy Roller teachings and practices has been told.

“The public press has not been able to set forth the real enormity, nor the terrible effects thereof. I have not seen one statement that even approximates the facts, as I have learned them from personal investigation.”

 

 

Seattle Star 6/1/1906 p1

Creffield’s Influences

Will H. Morris Finds Terrible Condition of Affairs Caused By Holy Roller Leader.

 

Evidence which will have a vital bearing upon the trial of George Mitchell, who is to appear on June 25 charged with having shot and killed Edmund Creffield, self-styled “Joshua” and leader of the famous Holy Roller sect, has been obtained by Will H. Morris, of the firm of Morris, Southard, & Shipley, attorneys retained by the defense.

 

Mr. Morris returned this morning from a trip to Oregon, where he spent some time working in the vicinity of Corvallis, where the Holy Roller craze was originated and practiced by those who joined the religious fanatics camp.

“We propose during the trial to place before the jury and the public the truth regarding Creffield’s influences and the terrible effects thereof upon everyone brought within his baneful influence,” said Mr. Morris.

 

ALL UPHOLD MITCHELL

 

“For the first time in my experience I found unanimous public sentiment throughout every section of Oregon in which the Holy Roller doctrines of Creffield were taught and practiced, without dissent justifying the act of Mitchell in putting an end to the life of the wretch in human form who, for the gratification of his own selfish passions taught and induced the people to accept it as truths the most horrible doctrines.

 

“Wives who were the mothers of children were made to believe that their husbands were defiled and impure, and that the family relationship should no longer be continued; that only Creffield and one or two of his select male followers were their spiritual affinities.

 

“Mothers with babes in their arms were separated from husbands, young girls and single women hardened against fathers and brothers, all as a result of the same false teachings.

 

MANY STILL BELIEVE

 

“I find that many are still believers in Creffield’s divinity; he had prepared them for his death in bodily form and taught them that he would guide their future steps through a spiritual form. One mother who deserted her home refuses to return until Creffields’ spirit shall so dictate. Two of the women who have clung to Creffield even after death and still refuse to doubt his divinity are two girls from East Seattle, whose respectability is known and well recognized by all who are acquainted with them in this city.

 

 

Seattle Daily Times 6/1/1906 p1

Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend.

 Attorney Will H. Morris Returns From Visit to Oregon and Says Public Does Not Know Full Details.

 

That the half of the wrongs which prompted young George Mitchell to take the law into his own hands and rid the world of Joshua Creffield has not been told in the columns of the press of the Pacific Coast, is the opinion of Will H. Morris, attorney for the man who killed the fiend who had ruined his sisters. Mr. Morris returned this morning from a visit to various towns in Oregon, whither he had been in the interests of his client, and in an interview with a reporter for The Times said:

“At this time I desire to speak only in a general way of the results of my investigation and will not attempt to repeat in advance of the trial the facts in all their horrible details. We purpose during the trial to place before the court and the public the full truth regarding Creffield’s influence and its horrible effects upon everyone who came within his influence.

 

“For the first time in my experience I have found public sentiment throughout every section of Oregon in which the Holy Roller doctrines of Creffield were taught and practiced, justifying without dissent, the act of George Mitchell in putting an end to the life of the wretch who, for the gratification of his own selfish passions, taught and induced people to accept as truths his horrible doctrines.

 

“Briefly, wives who were the mothers of children from 16 to 26 years of age were made to believe that their husbands were defiled and impure and that the family relationship should no longer be continued, but only Creffield and one or two of his select male followers were the spiritual affinities of these deluded persons. Mothers with suckling babes in their arms separated from husbands young girls and single women hardened against fathers and brothers, all as a result of the same false teachings.”

 

“I met and talked with many of Creffield’s followers, including women and girls from Corvallis, Portland and Seattle, and other points, so of whom were discharged from the insane asylum only a short time before Creffield’s release from the penitentiary, and who subsequently have been approached by him and their former relations renewed. Among these latter are women who only recently returned from the beach near Waldport, where they had been left in a destitute and starving condition, waiting for Creffield to rise from his grave. One woman with a six months’ old babe in her arms was left there by her husband, while he, the last male follower of Creffield, influenced by his fanatical belief, had come to Seattle after the killing of Creffield. The present whereabouts of this man is unknown to his aged parents and helpless wife.

 

“I talked with many of the victims and found them to be respectable, modest and refined women and girls. From old neighbors, who had known them from childhood, I learned that prior to their coming in contact with Creffield and his pernicious teachings and blighting influence, all of these women and girls were from families of good reputation, respected by all who knew them, and that not a breath of reproach or a taint of suspicion had ever been directed toward their reputation for virtue and womanly conduct.

 

“I further found that those who had not broken away from Creffield prior to his conviction, particularly those who were with him near Waldport, are still devout believers in his divinity; that he had prepared them by his teachings to expect that he would some day be killed in body, but that his spiritual life could not be destroyed and that he would return and be with them guiding their future steps and counseling them in their future conduct.

 

“They believe all persons who have not accepted Creffield’s divinity to be defiled and out of the devil. They cling together, associate with no outsiders, refuse to return to their husbands, fathers and brothers, because the later are defiled and of the devil. One mother who secreted a seven month’s old babe, a beautiful little girl three years old and another of five years, and a loving husband, refuses to return to them and to her home until such time as Creffield reveals to her that he is willing for her to do so.

 

“Two of these women who have clung to Creffield even after his death and still refuse to doubt his divinity, are two girls from East Seattle, whose respectability is known and well recognized by all who know them in this city.

 

“It was the unanimous expression of all persons with whom I came in contact, including lawyers, doctors, ministers of the gospel, merchants, peace officers and public officials, that Mitchell’s act has relieved the whole Northwest of the most dangerous brute who ever existed in human form.

 

“Many of these persons stated that they recognized the law and respected its enforcement, but that this was one case in which no jury could be secured to render a verdict against Mitchell because his act was for the protection of humanity and was prompted by a necessity from as high a source as the law, namely, the preservation of human society.

 

“One very prominent minister of Corvallis called upon me in person at the hotel, invited me to his house and there told me that many of the people who had become followers of Creffield had previously been members of his church; that he knew them intimately and that no truer women in every respect existed, and that after Creffield had been committed to the penitentiary, some of these women again renewed their former church duties and were constant members and apparently cured of their false beliefs, showed repentance for their conduct and were received by the members of the congregation and treated in a sympathetic Christian manner. They continued in their new manner of living until Creffield’s release and until after he again succeeded in getting them under his influence.

 

“Some of these women were approached through subterfuges and communication was established with them in spite of the closest surveillance by their husbands, fathers and brothers.

 

“It is known that by reason of the public clamor and the persistent antagonism toward him and his teachings that Creffield at last decided to remove his flock to other fields where he would be relieved from the wholesome restraints of civilization and local law, going to some outlying point where he could practice his deviltry without fear of apprehension, taking these women--mothers, sisters, daughters and babes--with him.

 

“He then left and went to what he called the wilderness on the Pacific Coast, and there were several fathers and husbands in Oregon who found out his intended place of location and started after him. One father met him, drew a revolver and snapped it three times at him and the gun failed to go off.

 

“I don’t believe that I am exaggerating when I state that there were scores of men, any one of whom, if he had met Creffield would have killed him the same as he would have killed a mad dog.

 

“Creffield knew this and hence his desire to remove to other scenes, taking these deluded women with him.

 

“You may say that not one-half of the awful truth concerning Creffield and his Holy Roller teachings and practices has been told.

 

“The public press has not been able to set forth the real enormity, nor the terrible effects thereof. I have not seen one statement that even approximates the facts, as I have learned them from personal investigation.”

 

 

HEADLINES IN DIFFERENT PAPERS FOR THE SAME ARTICLE

 

Los Angeles Herald 6/2/1906 p1

Record Quake at Washington

 

Los Angeles Herald 6/2/1906 p1

Record Quake at Washington

 

The seismograph at the weather bureau registered an earthquake of considerable magnitude beginning at about midnight of May 31. The total duration of the earthquake was nearly two hours.

 

Prof. Charles Marvin, in charge of the instrument division at the weather bureau said, tonight, that the vibration here conveyed no intimation to the officials as to where the earthquake had been and indicated that in the last two weeks similar shocks have occurred quite frequently, being as a rule more severe than prior to that time.

The vibration recorded here last night was greater than any since the disaster at San Francisco.

 

 

Corvallis Gazette 6/5/1906 p3

Local and Personal

 

Clarence Hartley, of Portland is in the city this week, visiting relatives.

 

Claud Starr arrived yesterday from The Dalles, on a visit to relatives.

Mrs. Susan Starr came in from Bellefountain, Saturday, and will remain for the present in this city.

 

ADDITIONAL LOCAL
Recent contributions to the George Mitchell fund are as follows: A. C. White, $1; A. J. Hall, $1; Park Bros., $4; John Beach $5.

 

 

Corvallis Gazette 6/15/1906 p1

Will You Help Him?

 

The trial of George H. Mitchell for the shooting of Joshua Creffield will begin in Seattle, Monday, the 25th.

 

For the defense of Mitchell $250 more is required, and it is requested that everyone donate, to the end that the young man may be given the best legal services obtainable.

 

The Gazette has proffered its services in the matter and will receive any contributions and forward them free.

 

Everyone should assist and double the donations already made, for this case is not of the ordinary, and that young Mitchell was justified in committing the deed seems to be the general opinion of everyone familiar with the unholy teachings and practices of the slain Creffield.

 

Everyone can donate at least a small amount towards the Mitchell fund and this should be done within the next few days, as the time is limited.

 

Donations can be left at the Gazette office, or handed to Roy Raber, on the street.

 

Holy Rollers

Buy Holy Rollers: Murder & Madness in Oregon's Love Cult as an eBook for a measly $3.99 or get an autographed paperback for $15.

Holy Rollers is a story that has everything a good read should have: sex, religious fervor, mass insanity, the downfall of prominent families, murder and sensational court trials.

And it's all true.

John Terry, the Oregonian's 'Oregon's Trails' columnist says of the book: "A dandy piece of research and a good read. Lots more stuff than I was aware of. It deserves an audience"

Amazon

Amazon
$3.99

iBook

iBook
$3.99

Nook

Nook
$3.49

Kobo

Kobo
$3.99

Scribd

Scribd
$3.99

Copia

Copia
$3.99

Holy Rollers Paper Back

Get an autographed paperback for $16.95 (that includes postage and handling for U.S. addresses)

Want to write a check instead of using a credit card? I'm trusting. e-mail that you want the book and I'll send you a copy. You don't send a check until you get the book with an invoice.

Theresa (T-) McCracken, 890 North Bayview, Loop Waldport, Oregon 97394 (541) 563-3112

***

Home    Chapters    Articles    Asylum Records    Brainwashing    Hymns    Contact

Top of Page

FBI Anti Piracy SealThe unauthorized reproduction or distribution of a copyrighted work is illegal. Criminal copyright infringement, including infringement without monetary gain, is investigated by the FBI and is punishable by fines and federal imprisonment.

edmundcreffield.com

Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

o-gram-e:yes;} span.GramE3 {mso-style-name:""; mso-gram-e:yes;} span.GramE11 {mso-style-name:""; mso-gram-e:yes;} -->

Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899: Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900: Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901: Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902: Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903: Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903: Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904:“Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray & Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904: The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904: Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906: Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906: Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906: Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine, Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

 

***

Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

***

The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

***

Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

***

Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

***

1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

***

Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

***

Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

***

Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

***

Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

***

Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

***

About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

email
email logo

Snail Mail
Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

(541) 563-3112

HOME of
www.edmundcreffield.com

copyright by
Theresa (T-) McCracken