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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

May 17, 1906 Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

 

1899 Ingersol Watch advertisementWeekly Herald (Albany, Oregon) 5/171906 p7

A Reminder of Creffield

 

. . . While here yesterday he [Louis Hartley] exhibited a gold watch, a present from him to his daughter when she was graduated from college. The watch had been taken by Creffield, and at a time when he sought to impress his followers with the sinfulness of luxuries he took a hatchet and mutilated the timepiece. This watch was later recovered by Mr. Hartley and is now in his possession, a mute reminder of the fanatics teaching of the recently slain Holy Roller humbug.

 

 

Seattle Daily Times 5/17/1906 p5

Holy Roller Wife Would Be Forgiven.

Her Relations With the Prophet Creffield Has Not Destroyed Portland Husband’s Affection.

 

PORTLAND, Ore., Thursday, May 17.-- Love for the dead Holy Roller prophet, Joshua Creffield, has not destroyed the remnants of B. E. Starr’s affection for his straying wife. Mrs. Starr’s today expressed regret that he had not heard from his spouse, who left him after taking $1 (sic) from his pocket one night a week before Creffield’s murder and started for the Holy Roller camp on the seacoast near Nehalem, expecting to walk ninety miles across the mountains to reach her destination. Mr. Starr is ready, even yet, to receive his erring wife into his home again should she return.

 

“It depends upon circumstances whether or not I will receive her again,” he said. “If she comes in the right spirit she shall return. I know nothing more of her whereabouts than anyone else, for I have heard nothing and know only what I have read in the papers. I may go to Seattle later, but am waiting to hear from her.”

 

It was on account of his relation with Mrs. Starr that Creffield was convicted and spent two years in the Oregon penitentiary.

 

HEADLINES IN DIFFERENT PAPERS FOR THE SAME ARTICLEHoly Rollers

Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 5/17/06
Holy Rollers in Corvallis

Seattle Daily Times 5/17/06
Five Refugees Return

Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 5/12/1906 p1
Holy Rollers in Corvallis

Seattle Daily Times 5/12/1906 p1
Five Refugees Return

Deluded Victims of Late Apostle Break Camp and Return to Old Home. Now Stopping at the House of O. V. Hurt. Contrary to Reports They Are Neither Ragged Nor Hungry--Still faithful to Teachings and Believe Creffield Will Rise From Dead.”
 Corvallis Women, Followers of Joshua Creffield, Brought Back to Civilization From the Wilderness. Now That They Are Home It Is Hoped That the Hold of the Belief Will Be Ended in the Oregon City.

(Special Dispatch to The Journal)
Corvallis, Or., May 17. -- The Holy Rollers who were stranded at Creffield’s camp on the coast reached Corvallis last night apparently but little worse for their experience. Frank Hurt left the camp last Friday and when he left there was a week’s rations at the place, the supply consisting of flour, rice and other groceries. Upon reaching Corvallis Hurt sent $5 back to the camp for supplies and left here Monday for Seattle.

The refugees were brought from their secluded camp by a farmer to Tidewater Saturday. Monday morning they were at the home of Milton Beem, who had received word from Corvallis from O. V. Hurt to bring them to Corvallis, and the journey was begun.
Tuesday night en route to Corvallis the party stayed at the Chandler home in Alsea and the trip was finished yesterday.  While it rained a part of the way, the women had some blankets and were made comfortable.

The victims of Creffieldism in this party are Mrs. Bert Starr of Portland, Mrs. Frank Hurt and baby, her sister, Miss Olive Sandell, Miss May Hurt and Miss Atta Bray.
All of these disciples are old converts and faithful followers of the late Joshua, but contrary to report, they offered no objection to returning and are neither starved nor ragged. They are at the O. V. Hurt home.

Whether or not they will give up their Holy Roller belief is not known even by the victims themselves, but there is no sign at present of any falling away from their creed.

Lewis Hartley has filed suit in the Benton county court for a divorce from his wife, Cora A. Hartley, and the complaint lodged is of a highly sensational character.

It is reported that the faith still exists in the minds of many of the former disciples that Creffield will arise from the dead, but itis universally hoped that the return to civilization of these women will end the craze in Corvallis.

 

Evening Telegram (Portland) 5/17/1906 p8
Exhausted Women Reach Corvallis
Creffield’s Victims Sheltered in Homes of Relatives to Gain Rest.

[Telegram Coast Special.]
CORVALLIS, OR., May 17.-- The five women who have been wandering along the ocean shore near Heceta Head awaiting the resurrection of “Joshua” Creffield at Seattle, reached Corvallis last night. They were brought in a conveyance sent by Victor Hurt, a member of the family which has been divided and torn by the passions of the false faith to which they were indoctrinated by the “Holy Roller” prophet.

They will make no statement except that they are glad to get home again. In appearance they are worn and disheveled, having subsisted on shellfish and such other meager fare as they could pick up along the beaches.

Mrs. Burgess Starr, of Portland, and Olive Sandell, of Seattle, will leave for their homes in a few days. The entire party is greatly in need of rest and will remain here until recuperated.

Mrs. Starr and Miss Sandell are at the home of Lewis Hartley. The others of the party, including the little babe belonging to Mrs. Frank Hurt, will be given shelter at the home of Victor Hurt, the man who assisted them to reach this city.

 

Evening Telegram (Portland) 5/17/1906 p8
Enticed to City
Longing of Cora Seeley for Footlight Fame Brings Her Trouble

Mrs. Cora Seeley, 19 years old, and alleged “Holy Roller,” of Waterville, Lane County, is on her way home from Portland this afternoon under the sheltering carte of L. A. Kanoff, a friend of the family, after a kaleidoscopic whirl of experiences in Portland and other places.

Whether she is a poor, misguided girl, the victim of base deceivers, or partly responsible herself for some of her recent experiences, is a matter not entirely clear in the minds of the authorities who handled the local details of the case.

The events leading up to her discovery at an early hour this morning, in a Burnside street lodging house and later to her being sent home, date back for some time. The first trouble in which Mrs. Seeley found herself seems to have been when she listened to the glib tongue of Charles A. Prall, of Medford, and a vaudeville theatrical impresario. Prall for some time has been organizing a vaudeville troupe, and at Eugene, Or, he poured a mythical tale of visionary fame that was in store for her into the willing ear of Mrs. Seeley, and she consented to become famous. Last Tuesday Prall and the woman were arrested for living together. Prall was yesterday fined $100, but the woman was not molested. She had not been living with her husband for some time, because Seeley would not tolerate “Holy Rollerism” which she had become imbued, and that Prall appeared to her like her soul’s affinity.

When Prall got into trouble at Eugene, Mrs. Seeley, at his suggestion, accompanied Leroy Berry, a friend of Prall, to Portland, yesterday, still believing, so she says, that she was to become a leading light on the stage, the first stepping stone to be a dazzling whirl around the ten-cent vaudeville circuit.

Berry last night showed her the sights of Portland, and after a visit to a concert hall on Burnside street, where she might catch a glimpse of the stage life that Prall held out as being so alluring, Berry took her to the lodging house, where she was later found by the police.

L. A. Kanoff, the friend who notified the local police that the woman had come to town, said that Mrs. Seeley’s maiden name was Nott; that she came of a good family, and had a sister living in Eugene. It was while doing some work for her sister there that Mrs. Seeley met Prall.

No action has been taken against Berry, the man who brought her to Portland, and it is not likely that any complaint will be sworn out against him.

 

 

1903 lanterns advertisementSeattle Daily Times 5/17/1906 p5

Religious Fanatic Terrifies Sailors

Demented Man With Loaded Revolver Keeps His Mates Captive While He Reads the Bible.

 

NEW YORK, Thursday, May 17.-- the Herald today says: Standing at the companion way of the yacht Atreus, owned by George W. Childrs Drexel of Philadelphia, which is tied up at South Brooklyn, John Neilsen, a seaman, suffering from religious mania, with a revolver in hand, compelled the little crew of five men to remain below deck from Tuesday evening until yesterday.

 

For eight hours Neilsen, by the light of a lantern, read passage after passage from the bible. The terrified men, unarmed, locked themselves in the cabin.

John Larsen, boatswain’s mate, managed to make his escape from the yacht yesterday and telephoned the police. Six officers later overpowered Neilsen, who was sent to a hospital for observation.

 

 

Morning Oregonian (Portland) 5/17/1906 p3

Defender of his Honor Released

 

SEATTLE, Wash., May 16.--(Special)-- Frank Marshall, a Skagit County rancher, found his wife walking on the streets in company with Vincent Ignasiak. He assaulted Ignasiak and was hauled into Police Court for the offense. Admitting the assault, Marshal’s attorney, ex-United States District Attorney Wilson R. Gay, declared the assault justifiable. After hearing the story and the argument, the court turned loose Marshal.

The case is of special significance, following upon Superior Court Judge Frater’s denunciation of Ray McDonald, whom George Beede shot as his wife's paramour, in showing the sentiment of the judiciary that will have to try George Mitchell, Creffield’s slayer.

 

 

Morning Oregonian (Portland) 5/17/1906 p3

Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

 

SEATTLE, Wash., May 16.--(Special)-- A resolution introduced in the chamber of Commerce today, deprecating sentiments expressed by the daily press condoning the killing of Creffield, were laid on the table after ex-Governor John H. McGraw, I. A. Nadeau and others had spoken against them. E. Shorrock, a banker and school director, was sponsor for the resolutions.

 

“I have always stood for the defense of law and order, and personally and as president of this chamber, I deprecate all forms of lawlessness, but I can conceive of cases where a man’s duty to family is paramount,” said ex-Governor McGraw in his speech.

 

“Referring to the case that every man present no doubt has in his mind,” he continued, “I must say that I would not be eligible to sit on a jury in trial of this man for the reason that I would be unable to truthfully answer questions touching my competency as such juror.”

 

 

Seattle Daily Times 5/17/1906 p4

Creffield Made No Denial Of His Acts

Deputy Prosecutor Who Conducted Oregon Case Says the Holy Roller Admitted Crimes That Were Charge. Refers to Slain “Joshua” as a Beast Whose Conduct Was Too Low and Degraded to Be Detailed in Court. Seattle Man Makes Offer of $1,000 to Fund for Bail for Mitchell if Court Will Allow His Liberty.”\

 

G. C. Moser, Deputy under District-Attorney John Manning of Portland, the man who tried Edmund Creffield, when the leader of the Holy Rollers was sent to prison for two years for his conduct with Mrs. Starr, the sister of George Mitchell, Creffield’s slayer, was in Seattle today attending the K. of P. convention and this morning had a long conference with Morris & Shipley, Mitchell’s attorneys.

 

To a reporter for The Times Mr. Moser declared that there is probably not a man, woman or child in Corvallis or in other towns in Oregon, where the Holy Roller disturbances occurred, who will not be glad if George Mitchell is found not guilty of the murder of Creffield.

 

“JOSHUA” A BEAST

“That man Creffield was the worst beast that I ever heard of,” said Mr. Moser. “His acts under the guise of religion, as proved at his trial, were too shameful even for court record. In our state two years is the limit that can be given to an adulterer. Creffield got that and he got it on what amounted to a plea of guilty. He admitted all the accusations, but declared in open court that he was justified by religion. He conducted his own defense at the trial, refusing to allow the court to appoint an attorney for him. The entire trial was held behind closed doors for it would not have done to admit the public.

 

“Nothing lower or more degraded could be conceived than the acts that Creffield himself committed and forced his silly followers to commit under the pretense that it was religion and that he was the Messiah.

 

Mr. Moser was asked concerning the letter that Mr. Manning had written to Prosecuting-Attorney Mackintosh asking that he be permitted to appear at the trial and tell what he knew of Creffieldism.

 

MANNING’S STAND COMMENDED

 

“Mr. Manning has received dozens of letters and telegrams from prominent men all over the state commending the stand he took in desiring to see Mitchell freed of a crime which he committed as revenge for the disgrace that Creffield had brought on his sisters.

 

Mr. Moser also called upon Prosecuting-Attorney Mackintosh and related to him the stories he had learned of the Holy Rollers. Mr. Moser says that Mr. Mackintosh still insists that the shooting was a cold-blooded murder that should be punished.

 

“In the eye of the law that is true,” answered Mr. Moser,” but you’d have a hard time to make anyone in Oregon believe that George Mitchell was not justified.”

 

OFFERS TO GIVE BAIL

 

G. W. Elliot of 1907 Tenth Avenue North, called upon Mr. Morris today and renewed his offer made last week that he would contribute $1,000 to raise bail for Mitchell should the court admit the prisoner to his liberty.

 

Another man who said he owned nothing but a little home called on the attorney and offered to mortgage his home to raise cash bail to assist. Numerous other offers have been reaching the attorneys daily.

 

Next Saturday is the date set when Mitchell will enter his plea of not guilty. A purely legal defense will be set up, but the attorneys have not given out on what lines they will proceed.

 

“We hope to be ready to ask for a trial early in June,” said Mr. Morris. “We feel that our client will be acquitted and we dislike very much for him to be compelled to remain in jail any longer than is absolutely necessary.

Holy Rollers

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

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Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

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The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

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Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

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Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

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1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

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Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

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Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

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Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

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Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

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Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

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About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
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