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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

 

Waldport, OregonMorning Oregonian (Portland) 4/24/1906 p7

Creffield Stirs Up Holy Rollers.”

Former Followers of ex-Convict Establish a Camp Near Waldport, Lincoln County. Spell Binds Them Again. Frank Hurt Gives Up Position at Seattle and Takes His Wife With Him Again to Engage in Terrible Orgies.

 

CORVALLIS, Or., April 23.--(Special.)--

There is a new eruption of Holy Rollerism with half a dozen of the former victims affected. An exodus of these people has taken place, with a spot, not far from Waldport, 20 miles south of Newport, Lincoln County, as the objective point. Creffield is the leader of the band, and is supposed that he and his fellows will go into camp on the southern beach in a fashion similar to that which prevailed near this town two years ago, when they were for a period of several weeks in camp in a secluded spot in the Willamette River bottom, several miles south of Corvallis.

 

Signs of the new eruption have been apparent for fully two month past. Creffield’s release from the penitentiary last December was followed by his departure to Sacramento, Cal., where it was homed by families interested here, he would remain. From Sacramento he went to San Jose and finally turned up at Seattle.

 

In February, some of his victims here, who had been completely cured of their former dementia, began to show signs of relapses. A clandestine correspondence was found to be in vogue between them and their former prophet. He did not write direct to them, but sent his letters to a family of his former victims at Oregon City, who remailed them to their objective point here.

 

HEADING FOR WALDPORT CAMP

 

Under this stimulus, the old frenzy began to return, and the upshot is that today it leaked out that Creffield actually passed through this county a day or two ago on his way to the Waldport camping place. With him is his wife, who secured a divorce from him last year, but to who he was remarried in Seattle recently. A telephone message from Waldport this morning relates that five or six others are with the Creffield's, and the all have proceeded to the camp, where the peculiar rites of the crazed bunch will be carried on.

 

As all those who took part in the performances two years ago are involved in the new eruption. Of the eight or ten in the insane asylum by reason of the former work of Creffield, several have held responsible positions and have manifested the utmost repulsion for the faith. Some of them have held Creffield in loathing and contempt, among [illegible] more than one of those now returning to his fold. Among these is Frank Hurt, who resigned his position as deputy assessor at Seattle and, accompanied by his wife, passed through here a few days ago on the way to the camping site.

 

The practice of the religion in this city would not be tolerated for a moment by the authorities, for they know that underneath his pretended teachings, Creffield practices methods most scoundrelly.

 

GOES BY ROUNDABOUT WAY

 

It is learned tonight that Creffield drove yesterday from Airlie, the terminus of the Dallas Railroad, and took the Corvallis & Eastern Yaquina-bound train at Wren, a dozen miles to the west of Corvallis. At Airlie it was suggested to him that he could make the trip by train for $3 and that the trip by private conveyance would cost $6, but he declared that he preferred the latter route.

 

Creffield alighted from the conveyance, and entered a grove near the station. He was attired in rough clothing when he went in, but was neatly dressed when he came out and entered the train. He alleges now that he is Christ risen from the dead, his death being the two years incarceration at the Oregon State Penitentiary for illicit relations with one of his followers. It is said that some of his band accept his claim of Christhood.

 

PURSUIT OF WIFE AND DAUGHTER

 

The wife and daughter of Louis Hartley took Saturday’s train to join the exodus and their disappearance was only uncovered in time for Mr. Hartley to catch the Corvallis & Eastern train on which they were passengers. At Blodgett station they eluded the husband and father and in the evening appeared at a farm house some distance from Blodgett, where they were given food and lodging.

 

When the family arose next morning, they had departed, no one knew where. A half dollar left on the table was a mute witness to their flight. Mr. Hartley went on to Newport and is now searching for the missing wife and daughter.

 

1906 Johnson Furniture wax advertisementHEADLINES IN DIFFERENT PAPERS FOR THE SAME ARTICLE

 

Corvallis Times 4/24/1906 p2

In Benton Again

But Only Passed Through--Creffield, the Monster--More Rollerism.

 

Brownsville Times 5/4/1906 p4

Holy Rollerism Again

 

Creffield, the scoundrel who poses as a saint, passed through Benton county Saturday, and followed by some of his former victims, is again up to his old tricks in a camp near Waldport. This time he is palming himself off on his foolish followers as Jesus Christ risen from the dead, his resurrection having been his emergence from the State penitentiary. Some of his followers are said to accept him as the risen Christ.

 

Creffield’s trip through Benton was by private conveyance from Airlie, Polk County, to Wren, Benton County. At the latter station, he took the Corvallis & Eastern for Yaquina, where on arrival, he took a small boat and crossed the bay, journeying via South Beach to Waldport. Near the latter place, a camp, according to all accounts, is to be established, and a revelry in rollerism be carried on after the manner of a similar camp maintained by Creffield and his followers up the Willamette a couple of years ago. Creffield was accompanied on his trip through Benton by his wife. She was divorced from him last year, but they were re-married at Seattle several weeks ago. At Airlie when Creffield sought a private conveyance to get to Wren, he was told that he could go by train for $3 and it would cost $6 by team. He said he preferred to travel by team. At Wren, he alighted and went into a grove near the station. He was then attired in rough clothes, but when he emerged to enter the train he was neatly arrayed. It is surmised that the old clothing was a disguise. His avoidance of Corvallis is no surprise. His dildos are not regarded in this vicinity with favor. It was here on a lovely autumn eve that he was tarred and feathered.

 

Creffield was released from the penitentiary last December. He went to Sacramento, thence to San Jose and other California points, and finally landed at Seattle. It is supposed that from the day of his release, he began a clandestine correspondence with former victims in this city. His letters went to the Seeley girls in Oregon City, by whom they were remailed to persons in Corvallis. In February their effects began to be apparent in new, though slight, manifestations of rollerism. Suspicions aroused by the manifestations led to a discovery of the clandestine correspondence. Six or eight of his former followers are with Creffield, some having preceded him to the Waldport headquarters. Not all of his disciples of other days have returned to him. None of them have shown the violent manifestations of two years ago. That development is perhaps to be a feature of the near future. Mrs. Hartley and daughter attempted to join Creffield on the trip to Yaquina Saturday, but an incident happened to prevent. Mr. Hartley discovered their disappearance in time to catch the train on which they took passage. At Blodgett the wife and daughter, left the train unobserved. They took lodgings at a farm house in the vicinity. The next morning when the family arose, the guests were gone. A half dollar on the table was evidence that their departure was studied and that flight was the motive. Mr. Hartley went on to Newport and at last accounts was uninformed as to the whereabouts of his missing family.

 

 

Oregon Daily Journal (Portland) 4/24/1906 p10

Holy Rollers Gathering Near Waldport

Apostle Joshua Creffield Remarries Divorced Wife and Passes Through Corvallis.

 

(Special Dispatch to the Journal)

Corvallis, OR., April 24.--The Apostle “Holy Roller,” Joshua Creffield, who left the penitentiary at the end of a two year term last December, has been remarried to his divorced wife, Maud Hurt, at Seattle. The wedding took place several weeks ago, but it was not known here save to the authorities and the woman’s parents.

When Creffield left the penitentiary he disappeared and finally located in California. He was a San Jose and San Francisco, then at Seattle with his brother-in-law, Frank Hurt. He managed to communicate with his divorced wife, and persuaded her to come to Seattle, and they were married. Saturday the apostle, with his wife, and Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hurt, passed through Corvallis, en route to the coast near Waldport. They were joined here by Mrs. Lewis Hartley and her daughter, former rollers.

 

Mae Hurt, for a time in the boys’ and girls’ home, being cured of the roller mania, also Atta Bray, one of the victims formerly sent to the asylum from the craze of Creffieldism, have gone to the coast.

 

A report today says all the partied mentioned are camped near Waldport, and the supposition is they will open a Holy Roller convention. Mrs. O. V. Hurt remains in this city.

 

Lewis Hartley requested the police to restrain his wife and daughter from going, but they could not.

 

 

Morning Oregonian (Portland) 4/24/06 p3

Lives With Negroes

Wife of Pastor in Rockefeller’s Church Deserts Him. Follows Strange Faith. "Holiness" Takes Such Hold of Mrs. Arnold that She Declares Her Preacher Husband and All His Ways Ungodly.

CLEVELAND, Oh., April 23. (Special.)--As the alleged result of Mrs. Delia Arnold taking up the “Holiness” religion and going to live with a company of colored believers in Chicago, Rev. I. R. B. Arnold, assistant pastor of the Euclid Avenue Baptist Church, John D. Rockefeller’s religious home, filed a suit for divorce today.

 

Mr. and Mrs. Arnold were married in 1867, and have five daughters, all adults. Mrs. Arnold went to New York for a visit and there became acquainted with teachings which the clergyman calls “fanatical.” Rev. Mr. Arnold thus describes the effect of the holiness teaching on Mrs. Arnold:

“She abandoned her home many times and wholly failed to assist plaintiff in taking care of the family. She also refused to permit the children to assist him in his work, and refused to let them attend school and any of the churches claiming that these and even the plaintiff himself were all ungodly.

 

Seattle Daily Times 4/25/1906 p5

New Officers Take Up Religious Work

Volunteers of America Arrive From San Francisco for Labor in Seattle Field.

 

Maj. and Mrs. Wallace Markle, Capt. William Smith, Lieut. and Mrs. Charles Brooks and Bandmaster Alfred Bailey, all officers in the Volunteers of America, arrived in Seattle last night from San Francisco to take up the work of the order in Seattle. Maj Markle is in command. He succeeds Capt. Boyes, who resigned some time ago after charges had been preferred against him.

 

The Volunteers report that they barely escaped from San Francisco with their lives. The main headquarters and barracks, which is the head of the Pacific Coast division, were destroyed, together with all the equipment, books, records, etc., and not one cent of insurance was carried.

Meetings under direction of Maj. Markle will be held nightly in the Volunteer Hall, at 118 Second Avenue South, and on the street at the corner of Second Avenue South and Washington Street.

 

 

Yaquina Bay News (Newport, OR) 4/26/1906 p2

Holy Roller Craze Again

A Corvallis Man Gunning for Creffield.

 

Friday, Frank Hurt and wife and two other women of Holy Roller fame arrived over from Corvallis. Saturday evening they were joined by the notorious Creffield and his wife. They went over to South Beach the same evening and it is reported that they have since gone down the coast to Ten Mile Creek a point below the Yachats in Lane County.

 

(The usual about Hartley, plus) It is said that the holy rollers are going to start a colony at Ten Mile Creek.

 

 

Corvallis Gazette 4/27/1906 p2

Creffield Again

 

Strange as it may seem, Creffield is again the head of a little colony of his adherents and the fact that a camp is to be located somewhere near Waldport, in Lincoln County, is pretty generally known. That there are those who would be led astray a second time by such a dirty rascal is, alas! Too true.

 

To a person of sane judgment it seems strange, in fact is passeth human understanding, that such a creature as Creffield could have secured a following in the first place. To again establish his practices after having served a term in the state penitentiary would seem doubly impossible. Yet such is the case. Adultery landed Creffield behind prison bars and, shameful as it may be, adultery and Holy Rollerism seem inseparable.

 

One would think that with many, if not all of the followers of “Joshua” Creffield the First in the insane asylum and Creffield himself in the penitentiary, would have cured all their fanaticism. One by one all who were sent to the asylum were discharged and sent to their homes--supposedly cured. Later liberty was granted Creffield. Are the same conditions to again prevail? The same scenes to be enacted? And the same remedies applied? What can be done with or for a people who are so weak as to follow the damnable teachings and practices of a man like Creffield? We give it up.

 

What steps the Lincoln county authorities will take in the matter is not known. If we misjudge them not they will act promptly, now that they know the results of Holy Rollerism, and use every means within their power to protect their people from pollution by Creffield.

 

Lincoln County Leader (Toledo, OR) 4/27/1906 supplement p1

Two strange women were in this locality Sunday night. They walked from Blodgett, secured lodging of M. D. Weltin and left Monday morning. It is reported that they were Holy Rollers and were on their way to Waldport to meet Creffield.

 

 

Oregon Sunday Journal (Portland) 4/29/1906 p13

Said To Have Tried To Kill Apostle Creffield

 

(Special Dispatch to The Journal)

Corvallis, Or., April 28.--A man returned this afternoon from Newport and states that Lewis Hartley, who followed his wife and daughter to the coast with the holy rollers, is ill at Waldport and cannot proceed. The rollers are camped at Ten Mile creek below Waldport, but have made no public demonstration yet. It is reported at Newport that Hartley attempted to shoot Creffield, but his pistol snapped five times, it being a center cartridge fire weapon and he using rim fire cartridges. Hartley attempted to secure a warrant for Creffield, but could not swear to any positive complaint and a warrant was not issued. It is believed here that some one concerned will yet shoot Creffield. His followers are said to believe that the self-styled apostle is the risen Christ.

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

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Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

***

The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

***

Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

***

Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

***

1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

***

Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

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Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

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Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

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Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

***

Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

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About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

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