Holy Rollers Button

Holy Rollers is now available as an eBook with lots of extras for a measly $4



Search edmundcreffield.com

Home    Chapters    Articles    Asylum Records    Brainwashing    Hymns    Contact

Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum


Oregon AsylumCorvallis Times 9/21/1904 p3

--Mrs. O. V. Hurt was brought from the asylum Sunday for a week or two at home in the hope that the change may be beneficial. In many respects her condition is improved. In case of continued improvement, she will remain at home.



Brownsville Times 9/30/1904

Edwin Creffield, the “Holy Roller,” who is serving a two-years sentence in the penitentiary, has been assigned a position in the stove foundry.



Corvallis Times 10/1/1904 p3

--Mrs. O. V. Hurt was returned to the asylum Wednesday, having been accompanied on the trip by her husband. In some respects her condition is slightly improved, but it was deemed better, on various accounts to take her back to Salem for further treatment.



Corvallis Gazette 10/4/1904 p3

Mrs. O. V. Hurt was taken back to the asylum at Salem on Wednesday. In some respects her condition is improved, but not as much as was hoped for. For various reasons it was deemed advisable to keep her at the asylum, where she will have good care and special treatment.



Brownsville Times Fri 10/7/1904 p1

Mrs. O. V. Hurt, the Corvallis victim of Holy Rollerism, has been recommitted to the asylum for the insane at Salem. She is again persisting in doing the insane things which are part of the so-called faith of the followers of Creffield.



Corvallis Times 10/5/1904 p4

--Mrs. Hartley, one of the unfortunate victims of Creffieldism, disappeared from her home in this city about two o’clock Monday morning. She left a note explaining her purpose not to return. She took along an extra supply of clothing. As soon as she was missed, a search was instituted, and while it was yet in progress at about 10 o’clock that forenoon, she returned home. She had apparently faltered in her purpose, and returned voluntarily.



Corvallis Gazette 10/7/1904 p5

--Mr. and Mrs. Warren B. Hartley arrived from Bohemia Tuesday, and will remain for a couple of weeks visit with relatives.

--J. K. Berry handles a fine line of guns and ammunition.

--All kinds of repair work done at J. K. Berry’s



Corvallis Times 10/12/1904 p3

--Maud Hurt has been seriously ill in the asylum at Salem for several days. Her father was called Sunday to the bedside, and has since been in telephonic communication with her physicians. At last accounts she was not improved



Corvallis Gazette 10/14/1904 p3

O. V. Hurt informs us that while there is no material change in the condition of his daughter, Maud, who is sick in Salem, the physicians regard her condition as somewhat more favorable for her ultimate recovery.


Evening Telegram (Portland) Fri 10/14/1904 p12

“Holy Jumper” Has His Wife

California Man Says He Will “Make Some News Soon.”


[Telegram Coast Special.]

REDLANDS, Cal., Oct. 14.-- R. B. Hinton arrived in Redlands late yesterday in pursuit of his wife who eloped from Los Angeles in company with a man named Bradford, who is a member of the peculiar sect of religious worshipers known as the “Holy Jumpers.” Hinton’s troubles lead back to last April, when his wife deserted him at Lake Charles, La., to join the “Jumpers.” Hinton tracked he to Los Angeles, and then the couple made peace and lived together for several months.


On Tuesday last the woman again ran off with Bradford and came here. Hinton Called at the home of a local “Holy Jumper,” where his wife is stopping, but the door was slammed in his face. For hours afterward he stood in front of the place exhibiting a revolver and swearing vengeance.


“I was a fool to let that fellow off with his worthless life when I had him in Los Angeles. He begged so hard for his life that I let him go. I’ll make some news this time,” he said.



Corvallis Times 10/22/1904

--Maud Hurt is seriously ill in the asylum at Salem. Telephonic word from the bedside to her father Thursday was to the effect that she is not yet out of danger.



Corvallis Times 11/19/1904

For Cement Sidewalks

And Crossings--No More wooden Walks to be Built in Certain Limits if Ordinance Passes.


If an ordinance now pending in the city council becomes law no more wooden sidewalks can be constructed within a large area in Corvallis. The ordinance prescribes the materials to be used, both in sidewalks and crossings shall be of Portland cement, sand and gravel of the usual proportions. On Main Street they are to be ten feet wide and on others five and six feet in width. It is understood that the walks around the Farra residence were taken as a mode. The latter are six feet wide on the north side and five on the west. The cost is said to have been $55 for 100 feet of the five-foot walk and $66 per hundred feet for the walk six feet in width.


The pending ordinance fixes limits in which the cement pavements are to be used for all renewals, as follows: Beginning at the blacksmith shop east across the street from Wade’s store and thence north on the east side of Main to the corner diagonally across the street from the old Salvation Army Hall, thence west to the J. H. Simpson residence, thence south to Mrs. Burnett’s residence, thence west to the college grounds, thence south to Jefferson street and east along the south side of Jefferson to the B. W. Wilson corner, thence south a block and east along the south side of Adams to the place of beginning.


The ordinance has passed the second reading, and will probably come up for final action at the December meeting of the council.



Corvallis Times 11/26/1904 p3

--Maud Hurt has about recovered from her late serious illness which covered a period of ten weeks. She is restored in mind and Thursday returned to her home in the city. Other Creffield victims at the asylum are much improved and some of them are expected home shortly.



Corvallis Gazette 12/2/1904 p5

Frank Hurt is expected home this week, and his wife is expected to arrive next week when they will take up housekeeping in Corvallis.



Corvallis Times 12/10/1904 p2

An Ended Chapter

All the Creffield Victims Restored, and all at Home---Hypnotism did it.


Mrs. Frank Hurt and Miss Attie Bray arrived Thursday from Salem and are now at the Hurt home in this city. All the members of the family are again at the fireside, fully restored in mind, and fast regaining bodily strength. Almost the unanimous testimony of each is that in the present reunion there is apparent awakening from a long nightmare a fact that confirms the view that many have long held, that it was hypnotic influence that was responsible for the manifestations of religious zeal during recent months. Those in best position to know are fully convinced this is the correct theory, and those who passed under its influence and suffered from it, were helpless under the will of a mind that in some way held control of their acts. Such things be in the world, and it is not of the remarkable that the influence suggested is responsible for all that has transpired.


Of those recently at Salem, Miss Hartley is the only one left at the hospital, and she is expected home before a very long time. All of the others are fully restored, and the end of the unfortunate chapter is here.



Corvallis Gazette 12/13/1904 p3

The bridge across the gulch opposite the residence of O. V. Hurt in south Corvallis was re-floored and otherwise strengthened last week.



Corvallis Times 12/17/1904 p4

--Frank Hurt has been seriously ill with appendicitis for several days. He was somewhat improved yesterday, and his physician hoped that the necessity for an operation had been averted.


Corvallis Times 2/4/05 p4

--Mrs. J. H. Worell, who has been visiting her sister, Mrs. Charles Everett, left Wednesday for her home in Portland.



Morning Oregonian (Portland) 3/13/05 p1

Coated With Tar

Holy Roller at Goldendale Suppressed. Ordered To Leave Town. Former Portland Dentist Rouses Wrath of Public. Wild Exhortations of the Free Lance Preacher Had Also Attracted Many Prominent Citizens in His Meetings.”


GOLDENDALE, Wash., March 12.--(Special.) Dr. Kaywood, said to formerly have been a dentist at Portland, Or., now a Holy-Roller preacher who has been holding meetings at the Free Methodist Church, was the recipient of a liberal coat of tar and feathers this evening at 7 o’clock. Just after services had commenced a crowd of about ten young men entered the little church on Broadway Street and took the minister out of his pulpit and hustled him out into the street. There they were met by about 40 more men and the preacher was taken on a swift trot to the bridge on Little Klickitat River.


By this time about 100 men and boys had gathered there. The preacher was stripped to the waist and several cans of tar were poured over his shoulders and back. His bald head was also coated and the tar was daubed on his face.

The contents of several sacks containing feathers were then plastered all over him. He was then told that if he did not leave town before 10 o’clock Monday morning he would be lynched.


The crowd then left him, but he was soon joined by two members of his flock who escorted him to the residence of I. Hinshaw.


The whole affair had been planned so carefully and was executed so quietly that the authorities did not have any chance to act. The preacher went through the ordeal and did not say a word until the job was through with when he said: “Boys, will you allow me to talk to you?”


He was promptly informed to shut up or he would be submerged in the icy waters of the Klickitat.


The affair has caused great excitement in Goldendale, as many prominent people are mixed up in it. The animosity toward the preacher is caused by the fact that several women who have been attending are on the verge of insanity caused by the preacher’s wild exhortations, and it is also said that he has attacked many prominent people from his pulpit. On the other hand, his meetings have been attended by many prominent citizens.


Kaywood, on being interviewed by an Oregonian representative, said that he had no statement to make regarding the affair and that he intended to leave Goldendale tomorrow to conduct meetings elsewhere.


A Dr. Kaywood had dental offices in the Hamilton building in Portland about three years ago. He was a young man, and came to this city immediately after graduating from a dental college. While here he did fairly well in his profession, and dentists who recall him say that his character was then considered of the best.



Morning Oregonian (Portland) 3/15/05 p1

In Coat Of Tar. Dr. Cawood (sic) Preaches to Congregation

In Church After Assault. Buttons His Coat Over the Feathers. He Is Now In Portland. Persecution of Paul, the Apostle, the Theme of His Sermon After the Attack Mad on Him.


(In a Box)



Shirt-less because he dare not put underwear over the tar and feathers which had been bestowed upon him in Goldendale, but with coat buttoned to the chin, a fringe of down between face and throat, Dr. E. E. Cawood preached to his little congregation on the evening of the assault. for his text he took verses from the seventeenth chapter of the Acts of the Apostles, the theme of his sermon being the persecution which Paul met when preaching at Thessalonica.


Dr. Cawood, who arrived in Portland last night, asserts that he will not prosecute his assailants. He remained in Goldendale, he declares, until Monday morning, having completed his new assignment on the preceding Sunday night, and will now attend the mission in Portland.



Dr. E. E. Cawood, the tarred and feathered preacher from Goldendale, arrived on the boat last night from the Dalles. He left the boat at Vancouver, Wash., and immediately came to the Olive Branch Mission on First Street where a meeting of the elders of the Free Methodist Church was in progress for the purpose of investigating the affair at Goldendale. His wife came from Sunnyside, and amid tears and sobs, she listened to the story of the persecutions as he told it to the faithful few in the mission chapel.


“Saturday afternoon three men came to my room an informed me that they had decided to forbid me preaching in the town of Goldendale,” said Dr. Cawood. “One of them was the Prosecuting Attorney of the county, and another was his brother. Both are pillars of the Methodist Episcopal Church, but had never listened to my sermons. They had listened to the talk of the rowdies of the town and had been convinced that several people had got religion in an unorthodox way. This was not according to their method, and they decided to stop me. I paid no heed to their warning, but preached to a crowded house Saturday night and Sunday morning. That afternoon the same crowd waited upon me again, and told me that I should not preach again.




“Just as I was preparing to go to the church there was a loud rap at the door, and Isaac Henshaw, with whom I was staying, told me the Prosecuting Attorney (Part of the article is cut off)

... his influence over one woman after she had showed unmistakable signs of insanity.

Holy Rollers

Buy Holy Rollers: Murder & Madness in Oregon's Love Cult as an eBook for a measly $3.99 or get an autographed paperback for $15.

Holy Rollers is a story that has everything a good read should have: sex, religious fervor, mass insanity, the downfall of prominent families, murder and sensational court trials.

And it's all true.

John Terry, the Oregonian's 'Oregon's Trails' columnist says of the book: "A dandy piece of research and a good read. Lots more stuff than I was aware of. It deserves an audience"













Holy Rollers Paper Back

Get an autographed paperback for $16.95 (that includes postage and handling for U.S. addresses)

Want to write a check instead of using a credit card? I'm trusting. e-mail that you want the book and I'll send you a copy. You don't send a check until you get the book with an invoice.

Theresa (T-) McCracken, 890 North Bayview, Loop Waldport, Oregon 97394 (541) 563-3112


Home    Chapters    Articles    Asylum Records    Brainwashing    Hymns    Contact

Top of Page

FBI Anti Piracy SealThe unauthorized reproduction or distribution of a copyrighted work is illegal. Criminal copyright infringement, including infringement without monetary gain, is investigated by the FBI and is punishable by fines and federal imprisonment.


Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles


Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult


The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers


Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers


Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews


1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913


Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover


Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers


Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated


Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults


Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers


About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

email logo

Snail Mail
Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

(541) 563-3112


copyright by
Theresa (T-) McCracken