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Creffield and the Holy Rollers made page one headlines from 1903 to 1907. When I was researching Holy Rollers: Murder and Madness in Oregon’s Love Cult I spent months transcribing hundreds of articles. I’m not sure why I was so obsessive. Maybe it was my way of immersing my self into a cult without joining one. Anyway, I’m posting them all for those who are really interested in the story, or are interested the history of journalism, or are interested in how a scandalous story played out in the "media" in a by gone era. Since I no doubt made typos and unconsciously corrected papers' typos, these web pages should not be cited in anything serious (e.g. your dissertation). For such projects they should only be used as starting points and you should refer to the original sources. If you want a shorter version of the story, buy my book. Enjoy.

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

 

Frank HurtOregon Daily Journal (Portland) 5/2/1904 p1

“Rollers” Would Restore Eden

 

(Special Dispatch to The Journal)

Albany, Or., May 2.--Frank Hurt and his wife, Nellie (sic) Hurt, who were Saturday afternoon committed to the asylum at Salem, were yesterday morning taken to that institution by Sheriff Worth Huston and Deputy I. A. Munkers. The sheriff also took down Miss Urania Florence Seeley, the girl who was a few days ago taken from the Holy Rollers and committed to the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid society, and took her to Portland. When Hurt and his wife were brought to Albany the young man was provided with a new pair of shoes and a hat, he being barefooted and hatless. He wore these articles of clothing until placed in jail, when he promptly divested himself of the shoes and hat and burned them in the jail stove, and when called out of jail to be taken to the asylum Hurt was again hatless and shoeless.

 

Miss Seeley, when seen by the Journal correspondent, after being committed to the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid society, talked rationally regarding the peculiar belief of the sect to which she belongs, commonly known as the Holy Rollers.

 

“In time, she said, “we will be restored to innocence and purity such as marked the condition of Adam and Eve, but in order to reach that state we must put away all that is sinful. To do this we must conquer our pride and everything that tends to make us proud, and this included the destruction of clothing and ornaments. When the world is restored to its original condition of innocence, we will be as were Adam and Eve, and there will be no use of clothing or raiment of any kind. Then the world will once more be innocent and God will dwell with us here on earth and we will be like him.”

 

 

Evening Telegram (Portland) 5/3/1904

Holy Rollers To Put World Where Adam Entered It.

(A photo of “Miss Urania Florence Seeley, Seventeen-Year -Old Victim of Strange Religion Relates Its Aims and Objects”)

 

“All things will be restored. The world will be again like it was before man fell. This can be brought about only by the way we live here.”

 

Such was the explanation of the “Holy Roller religion by Urania Florence Seeley who is now in safe the keeping of the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society where she was brought from the Holy Roller camp by Sheriff Huston. Since Frank Hurt’s family has been sent to the asylum, and this innocent 17-year-old girl has been brought to Portland, the Roller camp is a thing of the past, as the last member is now gone. Miss Seeley said there were 17 members, all but three being women.

 

Probably more light on this peculiar religion than has hitherto been known to the public was brought out when she answered the query: “Why do you believe you should not wear shoes, hats and other garments?”

 

“Adam and Eve were put into the world without clothing,” was the girl’s answer. It showed that she was still determined to defend the religion she had been wildly following for the past few months.

 

“That is the way we should live. When Adam fell the world was cursed, and now there is death. There would have been no death is Adam had not sinned. All things will be restored, and we can bring the world back to that condition by living like the Lord wants us to.”

 

“We did these things at the command of the Lord. We received messages direct from him. Sometimes we would all receive them together.”

 

“Around the camp we read our Bibles and prayed. We did the work about the house.”

 

Although she defended her religion, Miss Seeley would not discuss other subjects when seen today. At times, with a view of defending her peculiar faith, she bursts forth with expressions that could be credited to a much older person.

 

Although she is only 17 years old, she has the experienced look of a much older person. She said she could tell much about her religion, but that she did “not feel just right.” She is of light complexion and more than “passing fair.”

 

She seems kind in her disposition, and willingly does what she is told by the officers of the home. This is much unlike the other Holy Roller who was at the home and who was hardly manageable.

 

She would not say whether she knew where Apostle Creffield is, but she intimated that some of the sect knew. She seems determined in her ways, and does not want to give up her faith. She said the name of her religion was “Restoration of All Things.”

 

In the little Bible which she brought with her are many passages marked with red ink. The majority of these marked passages are confined to the first few chapters of St. Matthew.

 

 

Frank Hurt's Commitment PapersDaily Capitol Journal (Salem) 5/2/1904 p1

Interviewed. Odd People Are Not Insane

Have No Prescribed Form of Religious Worship But Believe in Divine Messages. Say They Will Remain in the Asylum Until the State Gets Tired of Keeping them There--Have Queer Ideas Regarding Dress.

 

(The first page of the article is illegible)

p4 (Continued from first page)

. . . refused to do so, and would rather suffer than to desert what we know is right.”

 

When questioned concerning the form of worship accepted by his people he said: “We never prescribe any form of worship, but allow every person to pray and act as they feel would serve the Lord best. We are called “Holy Rollers” because some of the members, when they are praying, get tired of kneeling and prostrate themselves on the floor at times, but that is not one of the requirements of the church. we do not fast, as some of the people reported, except to occasionally refrain from eating for perhaps a day, or until we get hungry. I know that stories have been circulated alleging that at times we will not partake of food for several days, but there is no truth in such reports. We have no creed or special by-laws, except those found in the Bible, and we believe the whole book, both New and Old Testament. We are not like other churches, we take everything in it as God’s word. we believe that any person can get messages from God by first preparing themselves to receive them. God always answers prayer, and we pray so that we will be able to get our direction from him.”

 

Hurt did not care to say whether he had ever received revelations himself, but answered in an evasive way, “Oh, any person can receive commands from God.”

 

“Will you make an effort to get out of this place,” was asked, and he replied “No not a thing. I am satisfied and will remain until they get tired of keeping me. I do not intend to give up my religion, and I constantly have a prayer in my heart to God. My father expects me to get weaned away from my views, but he will never accomplish what he expects to do.”

 

Mrs. Hurt is a comely looking woman of perhaps 23, and talks very intelligently. She would not speak for publication, saying that the band had already received more than enough advertising. She is apparently of good parentage, and is not at all hasty in answering questions concerning herself or the views entertained by her fellow believers. her father and mother, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Sandell, live in Seattle, and are said to be quite well-to-do people. She joined the Salvation Army about six years ago, and met Creffield. The two afterwards moved to Corvallis, and there the prophet married a sister of Hurt, while the Sandell girl married Hurt last July. Creffield and Miss Sandell were at the Ryan mission in this city for some time, and afterwards went back to Corvallis where they commenced to receive, as they claim, messages from God.

 

The people of Corvallis and the upper portion of Linn County are determined to break up the band, and this is one of the first moves in that direction. The Hurts appear rational in every way, even while discussing their hobby, yet they get very earnest at times, and explain in minute detail the power of prayer. This seems to be about the only thing practices by the followers of this queer belief.

 

It is the deliberate opinion of the reporter that these people who have been sent to the Oregon insane asylum are not insane.

 

PATIENTS AT ASYLUM

 

There are 1328 patients at the asylum 921 males and 407 females.


Frank Hurt's Commitment PapersCorvallis Gazette 5/3/1904 p3

Holy Rollers

 

The Holy Rollers here, through their prophet Creffield have just received enlightenment in the way of several messages from Heaven. One is that all believers must go barefooted, bareheaded and not braid or adorn their hair.

Last week they proceeded to carry out this part of the program by appearing on the streets in the aforesaid condition. Frank Hurt who is living over in Linn County came to the Post Office Tuesday clad only in a pair of overalls and jumper. Several of the women have appeared on the streets with unkempt hair and without wraps to protect them from the chilly air. Friday afternoon an exciting chase took place when Hurt again appeared at the Post Office. Deputy marshal Overland attempted to capture him, several others joined in the chase, but Hurt out sprinted them all and reached his boat and pushed out into the river before his pursuers came upon him.

 

The people here would like to see Creffield, who is supposed to be hiding not far away and perhaps somewhere in the city. There is no doubt that this renewed activity of the Holy Rollers is due to his influence.

 

Urania Seeley, an orphan, was arrested here Thursday on a warrant issued by her sister, Edna V. Seeley, who lives in Oregon City. The girl is only about 16, and very pretty. The have had her under their influence for some time, and would have caused her ruin.

 

Her sister tried by every other means to get her away, when she had herself appointed guardian and took her by force.

 

It is the intention to have the girl placed in the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society, that she may be kept away from the influence of the Holy Rollers.

 

The last message the Holy Rollers have received is that all shall go to the heathen in Africa as missionaries.

 

There is a strong sentiment in favor of stopping the practices of the Holy Rollers, even if heroic measures have to be adopted, and something probably will be done for they are a menace to young women, and their purpose seems to be principally to get the girls under their control and influence.

 

Miss Edna Seeley is a nice looking young woman. She says her parents are dead and there are three sisters, one, the oldest, aged about 21 years, being now with the Holy Rollers near Corvallis. She sobbed bitterly when she told the story of her troubles, and when her young sister was committed to the care of the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society she became radiantly happy, as she now felt that the child was now safe from vicious practices of the Holy Rollers.

 

She came up from Oregon City to Albany on Thursday and filed a petition with County Judge Palmer asking that her sister be taken from the Holy Rollers and placed in the care of the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society of Portland. The judge at once issued a warrant for her arrest. She was found with several others in a house on the Linn county side of the Willamette opposite Corvallis where some of the Rollers reside. At the trial, several members of the sect denounced the movement in scathing terms and told of the unspeakable actions of the leaders. When the girl herself was asked if she had anything to say, she was mute, and Judge Palmer ordered her committed to the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid Society.

 

The girl was brought to town bareheaded as she had destroyed her hat according to divine revelations commanding such a course. Her sister asked permission to comb the child’s hair and this was given, and the county judge also ordered Miss Edna to buy a hat for her sister.

 

Deputy Sheriff Munkers reports that in the house where he found the girl no furniture was to be seen, that the house was bare, and the occupants appeared to be dazed or on a verge of insanity.

 

The last scene in the Holy Roller drama was enacted Saturday when Frank Hurt and his wife Mollie were sent to the Insane Asylum at Salem by the Linn County Court.

 

Hurt’s father was the principal witness. The testimony showed that the parties refused to work and that they destroyed all their good clothing and other property by fire, neglected their persons and generally showed insanity.

The young man was formerly a salesman. He appeared in overalls saying he had burned his good clothing on orders from God, and had also destroyed a new bicycle for the same reasons.

 

His wife had destroyed her clothing. She was formerly a captain in the Salvation Army, then took up with Apostle Creffield and married young Hurt.

 

 

 

Frank Hurt's Commitment PapersBrownsville Times Fri 5/6/1904 p1

Holy Rollers Insane

Frank Hurt and Wife Declared Insane--Girl Arrested.

 

ALBANY, April 30.--The last scene in Holy Roller drama in Linn county was enacted in Albany today when a husband and wife, Mr. and Mrs. Frank Hurt, were jointly examined by the County Court and committed to the State Insane Asylum at Salem. The religious fanatics were brought to Albany by Sheriff Huston today on a charge of insanity issued from District Attorney Kelly’s office with J. K. Berry, of Corvallis, as complainant.

 

The examination developed much interest concerning the Holy Rollers and was sufficient to warrant the County Court in committing the Hurts/ O. V. Hurt, father of the young man, spoke with much emotion of the downfall of his son, and at the end of the examination pleaded with him to return home, change his ways of acting and thus avoid spending a period of uncertain duration in the insane asylum. But the son, urged on by the fanatic wife, was obdurate and said that he would rather spend years in the insane asylum that return to the worldly ways that preceded the advent of Holy Rollerism.

 

The father stated that Frank Hurt was always very religious, becoming a member of the Methodist Church while a mere boy, and was industrious and exemplary in his habits. At the age of 8 or 9 years Frank joined the Salvation Army, continuing there until Apostle Creffield appeared upon the scene. Young Hurt then became sanctified, took unto himself a wife who formerly belonged to the Salvation Army and was also a Roller, and has since gradually become more fanatical.

 

On other subjects young Hurt and wife are intelligent and reasonable. During the examination Frank Hurt admitted the destroying of cats and dogs, headgear, clothes, footwear, pictures, etc., stating that God commanded their destruction because the animals were a nuisance and the clothing was too good, causing him to be proud. He further stated that at first messages were received by Creffield from God, who directed his flock, but that now all receive direct commands from the Lord.

 

These commands are not audible, says Hurt, but come to them while praying. Asked if he did not know if such things were a hallucination and very foolish, Hurt replied: “No, I know when God talks to me.”

 

Hurt and his wife both look emaciated, having fasted for days at a time. They often spend entire days and nights lying flat on the floor, face downward, praying the Lord for further light. Hurt is 22 years of age, his wife 23. They quote scripture glibly and are ready to use a quotation in parrying any thrust by questioners.

A further teaching of Creffield, which is claimed to be a direct message from God, is that the Holy Rollers must not work, that God will care for his children. Frank Hurt and wife are the last of the sect so far as Linn County is concerned. They were the only people remaining at the Holy Roller headquarters this side of the river. If more of them appear, they will be dealt with summarily.

 

 

Oregon State Insane AsylumWeekly Herald (Albany) 5 May 1904 p1

Burned His Shoes In County Jail

 

(the usual, plus)

The young man when brought to Albany Saturday was provided with a hat and a good pair of shoes, brought for him by his father before the officers brought the two from Corvallis. These he wore Saturday and up to the time he was placed in jail. Here a fire had been kindled, as it was cold. When the young man was called out of the jail yesterday morning he was once more bareheaded and barefooted, and investigation showed that he had again burned his hat and shoes, having put them in the jail stove. He went to the asylum bareheaded and shoeless.

 

The Sheriff also took down Miss Urania Florence Seeley, the girl who was a few days ago taken from the Holy Rollers and committed to the Boys’ and Girls’ Aid society, and took her to Portland.

 

“In time, she said, “we will be restored to innocence and purity such as marked the condition of Adam and Eve, but in order to reach that state we must put away all that is sinful. To do this we must conquer our pride and everything that tends to make us proud, and this included the destruction of clothing and ornaments. When the world is restored to its original condition of innocence, we will be as were Adam and Eve, and there will be no use of clothing or raiment of any kind. Then the world will once more be innocent and God will dwell with us here on earth and we will be like him.”

 

She also stated that the members of the sect believed that cooked food should not be eaten by man, and that fire had not been brought into the world by the creator, but was the invention of man. The members of the sect, she said, were putting away all that was sinful as fast as possible and this included cooked food; that they were gradually discarding this and learning to eat what food nature had provided, just as it was prepared by the Creator, and that ultimately they would be enabled to subsist entirely on food that was the product of Mother Earth. Meats are not used by them at all. . . .

 

Among the last to leave was Miss Seeley, and older sister of the girl recently sent to the Boys’ and Girls’ aid society. Miss Seeley, who worked as a domestic in a Corvallis family for a time left when her sister was taken away by the officers. She is believed to have gone to Hood River, where another colony of this peculiar sect is said to be located. . .

 

The report comes from Salem that Frank Hurt, the Holy Roller sent to the asylum from here last Sunday, became angry at his keepers Sunday evening because he was not allowed to occupy the ward in which his wife was detained, and he prayed loudly for the destruction of the asylum.

Holy Rollers

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Newspaper Articles about Creffield & the Holy Rollers

1897-1899:Local Lore, News Of Corvallis and Vicinity Told in Brief B. C. (Before Creffield)

1900:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1901:Holy Rollers' Lives Before Creffield

1902:Holy Rollers' Lives Creffield

January 18, 1903: Fred Mitchell Attempts Suicide

June 10, 1903: Salvation Army Major Deserts and Joins the Holy Rollers

October 31, 1903: Zealot Worshipers Burn Furniture, Dogs & Other Things

November 2, 1903: Fanatics In Court

November 3, 1903: Had Promise of Tar and Feathers

November 4, 1903: Flight of The Apostles

November 5, 1903: Once-Esteemed Family No Longer Has the Sympathy of the Community

November 6, 1903: Rollers Take On New Life

November 7, 1903: Is Creffield Back?

November 11, 1903: “Apostle” Creffield Still Under Cover

November 24, 1903: Girl of Sixteen Almost Insane

November 25, 1903: In Pursuit of Creffield

November 27, 1903: The Lord May Starve Them

November 28, 1903: Holy Rollers Receive Unwilling Baptism

December 7, 1903: Demented Woman Suffers

December 8, 1903: Hurt Seen In Portland

December 11, 1903:Holy Rollers Roll Into Eugene Church

December 21, 1903:Holy Roller Victim Worse

December 22, 1903: Linn County Holy Rollers

December 23, 1903: Is Crazy Now

December 29, 1903: Holy Rollers’ Not Liked at the Dalles

December 30, 1903: Owner of Property Refuses to Permit Séances

January 6, 1904: Holy Rollers Tarred and Feathered

January 9, 1904: Their Welcome Departure

January 12, 1904: Editorial Comment: “Put yourselves in our place!”

January 13, 1904: Where Brooks Went

January 19, 1904: Our Brainy Contemporaries

January 25: Holy Rollers’ in Hobo Camp Life

February 1, 1904: Camp In Linn County Is Broken Up By Officers

February 6, 1904: How They Tell The Holy Roller Story In Far Off Scotland

February 11, 1904: Medium Mystify Corvallis People

March 1, 1904: The “Holy Rollers” Offend Humanity

March 16, 1904: Holy Rollers to Be Arrested on Serious Charge

March 17, 1904: Where is the Apostle?

March 21, 1904: Reward For Creffield's Capture

March 23, 1904: Fugitive Creffield

March 28, 1904: Reward is Offered

April 1, 1904: “Holy Roller” Chief Very Badly Wanted

April 18, 1904: Holy Roller High Priest Is Seen

April 29, 1904: Urania Seeley is Arrested

May 2, 1904: Frank & Mollie Hurt are Committed to the Asylum

May 4, 1904: Maud Hurt-Creffield & Sophia Hartley are Committed

May 7, 1904: Attie Bray &Rose Seeley are Committed

June 11, 1904: Attie Bray Escapes

June 17, 1904: Mae Hurt is Committed

June 29, 1904: Sarah Hurt is Committed

July 22, 1904: Holy Roller on Death Row

July 29, 1904: Creffield Found Half Dead Under Hurt’s House

July, 30 1904: Armed Guards Protect Creffield

July, 31 1904: Corvallis Could Not Raise a Mob

August 1, 1904: Creffield says, "I am Elijah"

August 2, 1904: Creffield Does Not Dislike Prison

August 4, 1904: Creffield Says He Is Entirely Purified

August 5, 1904: He Does Nothing Unless Directed by God

August 6, 1904: Creffield Believes in Satan and Eternal Punishment

August 9, 1904: No Flowers For Creffield

August 13, 1904; The Holy Rollers And The Man Who Made Them

August 16, 1904; Creffield Reward Will Be Returned

August 19, 1904: Followers in Asylum Stick To Faith

August 23, 1904: Creffield Will Fight His Own Case

August 28, 1904: Creffield Destroys His Revelations

September 16, 1904: Creffield is Guilty

September 21, 1904: Holy Rollers go in and Out of the Asylum

March 22, 1905: Prison Life Of Joshua Creffield>

April 8, 1905: Life In Corvallis Returns to Normal

December 12, 1905: Frank & Mollie Hurt Have a Baby Girl

April 24, 1906: Creffield Establishes a Camp Near Waldport

April 30, 1906: Donna Starr Leaves Children to go to Her Spiritual Love, Joshua Creffield

May 1, 1906: Creffield Takes Credit for The San Francisco Earthquake

May 3, 1906: Creffield In Fear Of His Life

May 7, 1906: Holy Roller Shot Down Like A Dog

May 8, 1906: Medal to Be Given Mitchell in Recognition of His Killing

May 9, 1906: Oregon Prosecutor Would Aid Mitchell

May 10, 1906: Shows No Emotion At Husband’s Grave

May 11, 1906: Bail Is All Ready

May 12, 1906: Mitchell Denied Bail

May 13, 1906: Creffield is Due To Rise Today

May 14, 1906: Creffield’s Widow Watches At Grave

May 15, 1906: Corvallis Starts Fund for Defense of Mitchell

May 16, 1906: Holy Rollers Starving Near Heceta Head

May 17, 1906: Public Sentiment Favors Mitchell

May 18, 1906: Creffield Railed in Vermont

May 19, 1906: Mitchell to Enter Plea of Not Guilty

May 27, 1906: Joshua Says Not to Worry

June 1, 1906: Morris Claims Mitchell Rid World of a Fiend

June 16, 1906: Prosecution and Defense are Making Last Preparations

June 19, 1906: Many Witnesses For Mitchell

June 24, 1906: Trial Will Cost Taxpayers Ten Thousand Dollars

June 25, 1906: George Mitchell on Trial For His Life

June 26, 1906: Mitchell Jury is Selected With Care

June 27, 1906: Mitchell Trial Held Up By Squabble

June 28, 1906:  Jury is Secured to Try Mitchell

June 29, 1906: Trial is Now on in Earnest

June 30, 1906: Mrs. Creffield's Testimony

July 1, 1906: Creffield’s Ghost Controls His Flock

July 2, 1906:  Esther Mitchell on Stand Refuses To Aid Brother

July 3, 1906: Hurt Tells of Debauched Wife and Debased Sisters

July 4, 1906: Creffield’s Unsavory Record Presented to the Jury

July 5, 1906: Expected Admissibility of Evidence Will Arouse Controversy

July 6, 1906: Others Testify They Wished to Kill Creffield

July 7, 1906: Insanity Expert on the Witness Stand

July 8, 1906: Plan To Revive Holy Rollerism

July 9, 1906: Killing of Judge Emory May Effect Mitchell

July 10, 1906: Mitchell Case Goes To Jury

July 11, 1906: Not Guilty

July 12, 1906: General Rejoicing at Mitchell’s Acquittal

July 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Kills Her Brother!

July 14, 1906: Mitchell Boys Are Done With Esther

July 15, 1906: Hurt Will Come to Aid of His Daughter

July 16: 1906: Will Mortgage His Home for Daughter

July 17, 1906: Let’s Think When We Talk

July 18, 1906: Mrs. Starr’s Life Threatened

July 19, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Weeps in Jail

July 20, 1906: George Mitchell’s Attorney Offers Aid to Murderesses

July 21, 1906: Mitchell Boys to Stand by Esther

July 22, 1906: Hurt Thinks Both Women Are Insane

July 23, 1906: Frater Favors a Commission of Alienists

July 24, 1906: Mackintosh Will Oppose Calling Commission

July 26, 1906: Is Reconciled to Holy Roller Wife

July 27, 1906: Holy Rollers Seek Home in Wyoming

July 28, 1906: Mitchell Juror is Insane

July 30, 1906: Esther Will Deny Committing Murder In The 1st Degree

July 31 1906: Esther Mitchell Says Not Guilty

August 1, 1906: Relatives to Help Esther Mitchell

August 4, 1906: Creffield Greatly Hurt True Religion

August 6, 1906: Mitchell Boys in Drunken Row

August 8, 1906: St. Louis Woman Coming to Convert “Rollers”

August 12, 1906: Esther Mitchell Close to Death from Typhoid

August 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Not Seriously Ill

September 1, 1906: Four Charged with First Degree Now in County Jail

September 10 1906: To Examine Minds of Slayers

September 12, 1906: Hurt Thinks His Daughter Insane

September 13, 1906: Esther Mitchell Objects to Help

September 14, 1906: Women Not Agitated

September 15, 1906: Mrs. Creffield’s Trial Set for Next Month

September 17, 1906: Mrs. Creffield on Stand

September 18, 1906:  Maud Creffield Anxious to Hang

September 19, 1906: Are They Sane of Insane?

September 21, 1906: Both Women May Go Scott Free

September 22, 1906: Where is This Thing to End!

September 23, 1906: Murders Must Be Tried

September 24, 1906: Must Not Deport

September 25, 1906: Judge Frater is in Very Small Business

September 28, 1906: Insanity Board Not Paid

October 1, 1906: Holy Roller Woman Dies While in Trance

November 9, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Said to Be in Very Nervous State

November 17, 1906: Maud Creffield Dies in the County Jail

November 18, 1906: Death May End a Hypnotic Spell

November 19, 1906: Reviews Findings in Examination of Brain

November 20, 1906: Mrs. Creffield Killed Herself with Poison!

November 21, 1906: Poison Is Found In The Stomach Of Mrs. Creffield

November 22, 1906: Esther Says Maud Did Not Kill Herself

December 4, 1906: Washing Dirty Linen

December 17, 1906: Sad Christmas For Holy Roller

February 21, 1907: Esther Mitchell Goes to Asylum

April 30, 1907: Esther Mitchell Still Believe in Creffield & His Return

April 6, 1909: Esther Mitchell Leaves Asylum

April 9, 1914: Esther Mitchell Marries James Berry

August 3, 1914: Esther Mitchell is Dead By Own Hand

1953 Stewart Holbrook's Murder Without Tears

1951 Startling Detective Magazine: Nemesis of the Nudist High Priest

A List of All the Articles

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Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult

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The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers

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Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers

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Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews

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1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913

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Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover

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Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers

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Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated

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Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults

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Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers

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About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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