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1906 Facts and Stats and How the Holy Rollers Stack Up


Avenge HeadlineNumber of reported murders in America: 230, two of them involved the Holy Rollers, including Edmund Creffield’s murder (thus our interest in all things 1906.)


A Ballot Initiative passed in Oregon for funding for the "Insane Asylum, Penitentiary, Deaf-Mute, Blind" and other schools.


Number of patients in the Oregon Asylum in 1906: possibly 2,000, about 3.5% of the state’s population.


Number of Holy Rollers that were at one time committed to Asylum or the Boy’s and Girl’s Aid Society: 10


Average number of times a month most women washed their hair: once ... and to think many Holy Rollers were committed to the asylum because they let their hair hang down instead of being up in a bun.


At 5:12 a.m. on April 18, 1906, an 8.25 earthquake struck San Francisco causing fires that destroyed 75% of the city. Edmund Creffield took credit for the devastation.


Percentage of American adults who could read and write: 20%


Percentage of Holy Rollers who could read and write: 100%


San Francisco EarthquakePercentage of American adults that had graduated from high school: 6%


Number Holy Rollers who had: at least one. Sophia Hartley was about to graduate from college.


Average hourly wage and income: 22¢ per hour and between $200 and $400 per year, so the $350 reward for Creffield’s capture was a significant sum of money.


Value of Capital Stock of Lewis Hartley’s Great Eastern Mining Company: $1,250,000.


Percentage of households that had at least one full-time servant or domestic help: 18%


Number of Holy Rollers who had servants: presumably at least two, Cora and Sophia, wife and daughter of Lewis Harley.


Number of Holy Rollers who were servants: two, Attie Bray and Florence Seeley.


Percentage of American homes with telephones: 8%


Number of Holy Roller Homes with telephones: at least one. O.V. Hurt’s house had a phone before Creffield entered their lives, but it was disconnected while Creffield stayed there. He claimed he had a direct line to God, so what more did they need?


1906 Ford Model NNumber of cars on the 144 miles of paved roads in America: 8,000


Most popular American car: The $500 Ford Model N


Number of Holy Rollers with a car: one, James K. Berry who drove the first car in Corvallis, a $600 Oldsmobile


Car the president, Teddy Roosevelt, drove: a Cadillac.


Whom the Holy Rollers voted for: at least one, O.V. Hurt presumable voted for Roosevelt since he had once been Republican Party State Committeeman.


The five leading causes of death: Pneumonia, influenza, tuberculosis, diarrhea, heart disease and stroke.


The 12th leading cause of death in America: suicide.


Teddy RooseveltNumber of Holy Rollers who committed suicide: 2


Average life expectancy: 47 years, so it really wasn’t a stretch when then 48-year-old Edwin Baldwin said to a young man that he was old with, “at best, only a few more years to live,” and therefore he, not the young man should kill Creffield.


Number of prisoners in the Oregon State Penitentiary: 373. Edmund Creffield was released from the there on December 13, 1905.


Percentage of all births that took place at home: 95


Percentage of homes with a bathtub: 14%



Height of the world’s tallest structure: The Eiffel Tower measuring 1,063 feet.


Marijuana, heroin, and morphine were available over the counter at pharmacies. Pharmacists claimed, “Heroin clears the complexion, gives buoyancy to the mind, regulates the stomach and bowels, and is, in fact a perfect guardian of health.”


Finland became the first European country to give women right to vote


An Oregon Ballet Initiative failed that would have given women the right to vote.


U.S. Population in 1900: 76,212,168

U.S. Population in 1910: 92,228,496

Estimated U.S. Population in 1906: 85,821,964


Oregon’s Population in 1900 was 413,536

Oregon’s Population in 1910 was 672,765

Estimate Oregon Population in 1906: 569,074.


Portland, Oregon’s population in 1900: 90,426, making it the 40th largest city in the U.S.

Seattle’s population in 1900: 80,671, making it the 48th largest city in the U.S.


If you have some interesting trivia about 1906, please let me know what it is, and I might add it to the list. Thanks!! email logo

Holy Rollers

Buy Holy Rollers: Murder & Madness in Oregon's Love Cult as an eBook for a measly $3.99 or get an autographed paperback for $15.

Holy Rollers is a story that has everything a good read should have: sex, religious fervor, mass insanity, the downfall of prominent families, murder and sensational court trials.

And it's all true.

John Terry, the Oregonian's 'Oregon's Trails' columnist says of the book: "A dandy piece of research and a good read. Lots more stuff than I was aware of. It deserves an audience"













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Sample Chapters from Holy Rollers:
Murder and Madness in Oregon's Love Cult


The Cast of Characters
Photos and Bios of the Holy Rollers


Holy Rollers' Asylum Commitment Papers


Info for Book Groups

Book Reviews


1903 to 1907 Newspaper Articles About the Holy Rollers

1906 Editorial Calling for Gun Control
After Multiple Murders Involving the Holy Rollers

Stewart Holbrook Holy Rollers Article

Advertisements from 1893 to 1913


Oregon Insane Asylum
Where the Holy Rollers Were Committed

Creffield, Brainwashing & Thought Reform

Early Cases of Not Guilty by Reason of Insanity

1906 Autopsies Of Holy Rollers
Forensics Before CSI

Holy Roller Bizarre Divorce Decree
Hartley describes trying to kill his wife's lover


Comedians on Edmund Creffield

The Shadow Testament
A Play About The Holy Rollers

How the Fire Fell
A Movie About The Holy Rollers


Life in Corvallis in the early 1900s

Life in Waldport, OR in early 1900s

Heaven's Gate

Facts & Stats about 1906
And How The Holy Rollers Measured Up

Oregon State Penitentiary
Where Creffield Was Incarcerated


Info about Cults

Could you ever be lured into joining a cult?

Share your thoughts about, and experiences with, cults


Creffield's Preachings

Creffield Vs. Crefeld

The Salvation Army Opening Fire in 1886

Holy Roller Theology

Reverend Knapp's Bible Songs of Salvation & Victory
Songs Sung by the Holy Rollers


About the Authors

Theresa (T-) McCracken

Robert B. Blodgett

In addition to writing, McCracken is a cartoonist.

To see some of her 'toons, go to the Home of McHumor Cartoons mchumor.com

McCracken's Blog

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Snail Mail
Theresa (T-) McCracken
890 North Bayview Loop
Waldport, Oregon 97394

(541) 563-3112


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Theresa (T-) McCracken